Gymnodinium sanguineum K.Hirasaka 1922
Akashiwo sanguinea (K.Hirasaka) Gert Hansen & Moestrup Poulsbo, Washington, USA; Liberty Bay Marina, 400x, DIC
© Karl Bruun (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Gymnodinium sanguineum K.Hirasaka 1922: 161, fig. 1
Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Akashiwo sanguinea (K.Hirasaka) Gert Hansen & Moestrup
Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), blood-red (Stearn 1973).
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.
Cited as an accepted name by Ignatiades (2012). - (11 Jun 2012) - Wendy Guiry
Faust & Gulledge (2002: 43) notes this is a red tide species associated with fish and invertebrate kills. Please consult original reference for further details.
This is a marine species.
Type locality: NW Pacific Ocean: Kozusa-ura, Gokasho Bay, Japan (Faust & Gulledge 2002: 43). Holotype: (Faust & Gulledge 2002: 43).
Source of current name
Daugbjerg, N., Hansen, G., Larsen, J. & Moestrup, Ø. (2000). Phylogeny of some of the major genera of dinoflagellates based on ultrastructure and partial LSU rDNA sequence data, including the erection of three new genera of unarmoured dinoflagellates. Phycologia 39: 302-317.
Faust, M.A. & Gulledge, R.A. (2002). Identifying harmful marine dinoflagellates. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 42: 1-144.
Steidinger, K.A. & Tangen, K. (1996). Dinoflagellates. In: Identifying Marine Phytoplankton. (Tomas, C.R. Eds), pp. 387-584. San Diego: Academic Press.
Created: 26 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry
Verified by: 08 May 2017 by M.D. Guiry
Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 3604 times since it was created.
Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)
Neale, P.J., Banaszak, A.T. & Jarriel, C.R. (1998). Ultraviolet sunscreens in Gymnodinium sanguineum (Dinophyceae): Mycosporine-like amino acids protect against inhibition of photosynthesis. Journal of Phycology 34: 928-938, 7 figs, 3 tables.
Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=43945
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 28 September 2020.