Gymnodinium sanguineum K.Hirasaka 1922

Akashiwo sanguinea (K.Hirasaka) Gert Hansen & Moestrup

Current name: Akashiwo sanguinea (K.Hirasaka) Gert Hansen & Moestrup
Bainbridge Island, Washington, USA; Eagle Harbor marina, 400x, DIC - 18 October 2008. Karl Bruun (

Publication Details
Gymnodinium sanguineum K.Hirasaka 1922: 161, fig. 1

Published in: Hirasaka, K. (1922). On a case of discolored sea-water. Annotationes Zoologicae Japonenses 10(15): 161–164.

Type Species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Gymnodinium is Gymnodinium fuscum (Ehrenberg) F.Stein.

Status of Name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Akashiwo sanguinea (K.Hirasaka) Gert Hansen & Moestrup.

Type Information
Type locality: "Kozusa-ura, an inlet of the Gokasho Bay, near the entrance of the Gulf of Ise" [actually Konsa-ura, Gokasho Bay, Mie Prefecture,Japan]; (Faust & Gulledge 2002: 43) Notes: "About the type locality, "Kozusa-ura" is a misreading of Chinese characters by Hirasaka (1922). The correct place name is "Konsa-ura". (Masahiro Suzuki pers. comm. July 2024).

Origin of Species Name
Adjective (Latin), blood-red (Stearn 1983).

General Environment
This is a marine species.

Created: 26 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry.

Last updated: 10 July 2024

Verification of Data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

Loading synonyms...
Loading notes...
Loading common names...
Loading distribution...
Loading references...
Loading bibliographical references...
Loading culture providers...

Linking to this page:

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 10 July 2024. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway.; searched on 23 July 2024

Currently in AlgaeBase: