159,064 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,530 images, 61,696 bibliographic items, 462,690 distributional records.

Gymnodinium sanguineum K.Hirasaka 1922

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Subkingdom Harosa (supergroup SAR)
Infrakingdom Halvaria
Phylum Miozoa
Subphylum Myzozoa
Infraphylum Dinozoa
Superclass Dinoflagellata
Class Dinophyceae
Order Gymnodiniales
Family Gymnodiniaceae
Genus Gymnodinium

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Gymnodinium sanguineum K.Hirasaka
Poulsbo, Washington, USA; Liberty Bay Marina, 400x, DIC. 22 Aug 2009. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net).

Gymnodinium sanguineum K.Hirasaka
Poulsbo, Washington, USA; Liberty Bay Marina, 400x, DIC. 22 Aug 2009. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net).

Gymnodinium sanguineum K.Hirasaka
Bainbridge Island, Washington, USA; Eagle Harbor marina, 400x, DIC. 18 Oct 2008. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net).

Gymnodinium sanguineum K.Hirasaka
© Robin Raine (Robin.Raine@nuigalway.ie).

 

Akashiwo sanguinea (K.Hirasaka) Gert Hansen & Moestrup Poulsbo, Washington, USA; Liberty Bay Marina, 400x, DIC
© Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net)

Publication details
Gymnodinium sanguineum K.Hirasaka 1922: 161, fig. 1

Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Gymnodinium is Gymnodinium fuscum (Ehrenberg) F.Stein.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Akashiwo sanguinea (K.Hirasaka) Gert Hansen & Moestrup

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), blood-red (Stearn 1973).

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

Taxonomic notes
Cited as an accepted name by Ignatiades (2012). - (11 Jun 2012) - Wendy Guiry

Usage notes
Faust & Gulledge (2002: 43) notes this is a red tide species associated with fish and invertebrate kills. Please consult original reference for further details.

General environment
This is a marine species.

Type information
Type locality: NW Pacific Ocean: Kozusa-ura, Gokasho Bay, Japan (Faust & Gulledge 2002: 43). Holotype: (Faust & Gulledge 2002: 43).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Source of current name
Daugbjerg, N., Hansen, G., Larsen, J. & Moestrup, Ø. (2000). Phylogeny of some of the major genera of dinoflagellates based on ultrastructure and partial LSU rDNA sequence data, including the erection of three new genera of unarmoured dinoflagellates. Phycologia 39: 302-317.

Key references
Faust, M.A. & Gulledge, R.A. (2002). Identifying harmful marine dinoflagellates. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 42: 1-144.

Steidinger, K.A. & Tangen, K. (1996). Dinoflagellates. In: Identifying Marine Phytoplankton. (Tomas, C.R. Eds), pp. 387-584. San Diego: Academic Press.

Created: 26 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 08 May 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 3604 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Neale, P.J., Banaszak, A.T. & Jarriel, C.R. (1998). Ultraviolet sunscreens in Gymnodinium sanguineum (Dinophyceae): Mycosporine-like amino acids protect against inhibition of photosynthesis. Journal of Phycology 34: 928-938, 7 figs, 3 tables.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=43945

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 28 September 2020.

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