157,534 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,209 images, 60,945 bibliographic items, 458,278 distributional records.

Gymnodinium veneficum D.Ballantine

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Subkingdom Harosa (supergroup SAR)
Infrakingdom Halvaria
Phylum Miozoa
Subphylum Myzozoa
Infraphylum Dinozoa
Superclass Dinoflagellata
Class Dinophyceae
Order Gymnodiniales
Family Gymnodiniaceae
Genus Gymnodinium

 

Publication details
Gymnodinium veneficum D.Ballantine 1956: 467, figs. 6-17

Published in: Ballantine, D. (1956). Two new marine species of Gymnodinium isolated from the Plymouth area. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 35: 467-474.
 Download PDF

Original description:  Download PDF

Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Gymnodinium is Gymnodinium fuscum (Ehrenberg) F.Stein.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Karlodinium veneficum (D.Ballantine) J.Larsen

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

Usage notes
Faust & Gulledge (2002: 44) notes this is a toxic species, it produces an exotoxin lethal to a wide variety of fish and invertebrates. Please consult original reference for further details. Harmful species (Lassus et al. 2017).

General environment
This is a marine species.

Type information
Type locality: Hamoaze, over Rubble Bank, off King William Point, South Yard, Devonport, England (Bergholtz et al 2006: 189). Holotype: (Faust & Gulledge 2002: 44).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Source of current name
Bergholtz, T., Daugbjerg, N., Moestrup, O. & Fernández-Tejedor, M. (2006). On the identity of Karlodinium veneficum and description of Karlodinium armiger sp. nov. (Dinophyceae), based on light and electron microscopy, nuclear encoded LSU rDNA and pigment composition. Journal of Phycology 42(1): 170-193.

Key references
Daugbjerg, N., Hansen, G., Larsen, J. & Moestrup, Ø. (2000). Phylogeny of some of the major genera of dinoflagellates based on ultrastructure and partial LSU rDNA sequence data, including the erection of three new genera of unarmoured dinoflagellates. Phycologia 39: 302-317.

Dodge, J.D. (1982). Marine dinoflagellates of the British Isles. pp. 1-303, 35 figs, pls I-VIII. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office.

Faust, M.A. & Gulledge, R.A. (2002). Identifying harmful marine dinoflagellates. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 42: 1-144.

Parke, M. & Dixon, P.S. (1976). Check-list of British marine algae - third revision. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 56: 527-594.

Created: 26 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 19 May 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 1180 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=43947

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 19 February 2020.

SITE © 1996 - 2020 M.D. Guiry. All rights reserved.

Website Design : 249 Design Studio