Gymnodinium veneficum D. 1956
Gymnodinium veneficum D.Ballantine 1956: 467, figs. 6-17
Published in: Ballantine, D. (1956). Two new marine species of Gymnodinium isolated from the Plymouth area. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 35: 467-474.
Original description: Download PDF
Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Karlodinium veneficum (D.Ballantine) J.Larsen
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.
Faust & Gulledge (2002: 44) notes this is a toxic species, it produces an exotoxin lethal to a wide variety of fish and invertebrates. Please consult original reference for further details. Harmful species (Lassus et al. 2017).
This is a marine species.
Type locality: Hamoaze, over Rubble Bank, off King William Point, South Yard, Devonport, England (Bergholtz et al 2006: 189). Holotype: (Faust & Gulledge 2002: 44).
Source of current name
Bergholtz, T., Daugbjerg, N., Moestrup, O. & Fernández-Tejedor, M. (2006). On the identity of Karlodinium veneficum and description of Karlodinium armiger sp. nov. (Dinophyceae), based on light and electron microscopy, nuclear encoded LSU rDNA and pigment composition. Journal of Phycology 42(1): 170-193.
Daugbjerg, N., Hansen, G., Larsen, J. & Moestrup, Ø. (2000). Phylogeny of some of the major genera of dinoflagellates based on ultrastructure and partial LSU rDNA sequence data, including the erection of three new genera of unarmoured dinoflagellates. Phycologia 39: 302-317.
Dodge, J.D. (1982). Marine dinoflagellates of the British Isles. pp. 1-303, 35 figs, pls I-VIII. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office.
Faust, M.A. & Gulledge, R.A. (2002). Identifying harmful marine dinoflagellates. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 42: 1-144.
Parke, M. & Dixon, P.S. (1976). Check-list of British marine algae - third revision. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 56: 527-594.
Created: 26 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry
Verified by: 19 May 2017 by M.D. Guiry
Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 1180 times since it was created.
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Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=43947
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 13 August 2020.