163,778 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,783 images, 63,043 bibliographic items, 481,364 distributional records.

Prorocentrum arenarium M.A.Faust 1994

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Subkingdom Harosa (supergroup SAR)
Infrakingdom Halvaria
Phylum Miozoa
Subphylum Myzozoa
Infraphylum Dinozoa
Superclass Dinoflagellata
Class Dinophyceae
Order Prorocentrales
Family Prorocentraceae
Genus Prorocentrum

 

Publication details
Prorocentrum arenarium M.A.Faust 1994: 759-761, figs 14-21

Published in: Faust, M.A. (1994). Three new benthic species of Prorocentrum (Dinophyceae) from Carrie Bow Cay, Belize: P. sabulosum sp. nov., P. sculptile sp. nov., and P. arenarium sp. nov.. Journal of Phycology 30: 755-763, 21 figs.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Prorocentrum is Prorocentrum micans Ehrenberg.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Prorocentrum lima (Ehrenberg) F.Stein

Type information
Type locality: Caribbean Sea: Carrie Bow Cay, Belize, Central America (associated with colored sand and coral rubble; Faust, 1994) (Faust & Gulledge 2002: 55). Holotype: SEM 133024 (Faust 1994: 760). Notes: Isotype: SEM 139045 (Faust, 1994).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), in sandy places.

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

Usage notes
Faust & Gulledge (2002: 55) notes this species is a diarrhetic shellfish poison (DSP) toxin-producing species, producing okadaic acid. Please consult original reference for further details.

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Source of current name
Nagahama, Y., Murray, S., Tomaru, A. & Fukuyo, Y. (2011). Species boundaries in the toxic dinoflagellate Prorocentrum lima (Dinophyceae, Prorocentrales), based on morphological and phylogenetic characters. Journal of Phycology 47(1): 178-189.

Key references
Faust, M.A. & Gulledge, R.A. (2002). Identifying harmful marine dinoflagellates. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 42: 1-144.

Created: 26 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 13 April 2011 by G.M. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 1156 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Faust, M.A. (1994). Three new benthic species of Prorocentrum (Dinophyceae) from Carrie Bow Cay, Belize: P. sabulosum sp. nov., P. sculptile sp. nov., and P. arenarium sp. nov.. Journal of Phycology 30: 755-763, 21 figs.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=46955

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
G.M. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 17 October 2021.

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