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Gyrodinium spirale (Bergh) Kofoid & Swezy

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Subkingdom Harosa (supergroup SAR)
Infrakingdom Halvaria
Phylum Miozoa
Subphylum Myzozoa
Infraphylum Dinozoa
Superclass Dinoflagellata
Class Dinophyceae
Order Gymnodiniales
Family Gyrodiniaceae
Genus Gyrodinium

Pictures

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Gyrodinium spirale (Bergh) Kofoid & Swezy
Poulsbo, Washington, USA; Liberty Bay Marina, 1000x, DIC. 08 Aug 2009. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net).

Gyrodinium spirale (Bergh) Kofoid & Swezy
Port Townsend, Washington, USA; Waterfront Park, Lugol's, 400x, DIC. 04 Jul 2009. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net).

Gyrodinium spirale (Bergh) Kofoid & Swezy
Bainbridge Island, Washington, USA; Waterfront Park, Lugol's, 1000x, DIC. 05 Jul 2009. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net).

Gyrodinium spirale (Bergh) Kofoid & Swezy
© Robin Raine (Robin.Raine@nuigalway.ie).

Gyrodinium spirale (Bergh) Kofoid & Swezy
© Robin Raine (Robin.Raine@nuigalway.ie).

 

Gyrodinium spirale (Bergh) Kofoid & Swezy Port Townsend, Washington, USA; Waterfront Park, Lugol's, 400x, DIC
© Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net)

Publication details
Gyrodinium spirale (Bergh) Kofoid & Swezy 1921: 332, pl. 4: fig. 43, fig. DD, 14

Published in: Kofoid, C.A. & Swezy, O. (1921). The free-living unarmored Dinoflagellata. Memoirs of the University of California 5: i-viii, 1-562.
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Type species
This is the type species (holotype) of the genus Gyrodinium.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Gymnodinium spirale Bergh

Type information
Type locality: Denmark: Strib (isl. Fyen) (Silva 1996-to date).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), spiral (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Gymnodinium spirale Bergh 1881

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Spirodinium spirale Entz 1884

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Dodge, J.D. (1982). Marine dinoflagellates of the British Isles. pp. 1-303, 35 figs, pls I-VIII. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office.

Escobar-Morales, S. & Hernández-Becerril, D.U. (2015). Free-living marine planktonic unarmoured dinoflagellates from the Gulf of Mexico and the Mexican Pacific. Botanica Marina 58(1): 9-22.

Gárate-Lizárraga, I. (2014). Unarmored dinoflagellates present during a bloom of Ceratoperidinium falcatum in Bahía de La Paz, Gulf of California. Dinoflagelados desnudos presentes durante un florecimiento de Ceratoperidinium falcatum en Bahía de La Paz, Golfo de California. Revista de Biologia Marina y Oceanografia 49: 577-587.

Krakhmalny, A.F. [Krachmalny, A.F.] (2011). Dinophyta of Ukraine (illustrated book for identification). Ed by P.M.Tsarenko. pp. [1]-442, 32 figs, 117 pls. Kiev: Alterpres. [in Russian]

Lindberg, K., Moestrup, Ø & Daugbjerg, N. (2005). Studies on woloszynskioid dinoflagellates I: Woloszynskia coronata re-examined using light and electron microscopy and partial LSU rDNA sequences, with description of Tovellia gen. nov. and Jadwigia gen. nov. (Tovelliaceae fam. nov.). Phycologia 44: 416-440.

Pankow, H. (1976). Algenflora der Ostsee. II. Plankton (einschliesslich benthischer Kieselalgen). pp. 1-493, 880 figs, 26 pls. Jena: Gustav Fischer.

Steidinger, K.A. & Tangen, K. (1996). Dinoflagellates. In: Identifying Marine Phytoplankton. (Tomas, C.R. Eds), pp. 387-584. San Diego: Academic Press.

Created: 07 May 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 07 December 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 4913 times since it was created.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 20 November 2019.

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