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Acrochaetium microscopicum (Nägeli ex Kützing) Nägeli 1858

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Nemaliophycidae
Order Acrochaetiales
Family Acrochaetiaceae
Genus Acrochaetium

Pictures

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Acrochaetium microscopicum (Nägeli ex Kützing) Nägeli
Hawaii; scale 20 µm. 12 Aug 2011. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

Acrochaetium microscopicum (Nägeli ex Kützing) Nägeli
Hawaii; growing on Chaetomorpha; scale 20 µm. 12 Aug 2011. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

 

Publication details
Acrochaetium microscopicum (Nägeli ex Kützing) Nägeli in Nägeli & Cramer 1858: 532, footnote

Published in: Nägeli, C. & Cramer, C. (1858). Die Stärkekörner: Morphologische, physiologische, chemisch-physicalische und systematisch-botanische Monographie. Pflanzenphysiologische Untersuchungen. 2. Heft. pp. [i]-x, [1]-623, pls XI-XXVI. Zürich: bei Fredrich Schultness.
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Acrochaetium is Acrochaetium secundatum (Lyngbye) Nägeli.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Callithamnion microscopicum Nägeli ex Kützing

Type information
Type locality: "Golfo di Napoli, Italy" [Holotype from Torquay, England] (Kützing 1849: 64-). Holotype: L 940, 285 ... 306 (Womersley 1994: 61). Notes: Athanasiadis (1996:18) and Womersley (1994: 61) cite Torquay, Devon, England as the type locality of this species. Woelkerling (1972: 86) notes that although Kützing (1849: 640) cited the Bay of Naples as the type locality, Hamel (1927; 1928) has indicated that the type collection came from Torquay, England and is represented by specimen 454 in Hauck and Richter's "Phykotheca Universalis". The type specimen in the Kützing collections at L contains only plants collected by Naegeli in England (identical to those distributed in Hauck and Richter) and none from the Bay of Naples.

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), microscopic (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Callithamnion microscopicum Nägeli ex Kützing 1849
Chantransia microscopica (Nägeli ex Kützing) Ardissone & Strafforello 1877
Rhodochorton microscopicum (Nägeli ex Kützing) K.M.Drew 1928
Kylinia microscopica (Nägeli ex Kützing) Kylin 1944
Chromastrum microscopicum (Nägeli ex Kützing) Papenfuss 1945
Audouinella microscopica (Nägeli ex Kützing) Woelkerling 1971

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Microthamnion marinum Kützing 1853
Chantransia marina (Kützing) De Toni 1924
Rhodochorton hirsutum K.M.Drew 1928
Acrochaetium compactum C.-C.Jao 1936
Acrochaetium microscopicum var. densum Schiffner 1938
Kylinia hirsuta (K.M.Drew) Kylin 1944
Chromastrum hirsutum (K.M.Drew) Papenfuss 1945
Acrochaetium hirsutum (K.M.Drew) P.W.Gabrielson 2000

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Acrochaetium microscopicum (Nägeli ex Kützing) Nägeli)
Arctic: Barents Sea (Mikhaylova 2021), Svalbard (Spitsbergen) (Gulliksen & al. 1999, Fredriksen & al. 2019), White Sea (Mikhaylova 2017).

Atlantic Islands: Ascension (Tsiamis & al. 2017), Azores (Parente), Canary Islands (Haroun & al. 2002, Gil-Rodríguez et al. 2003, John & al. 2004, Moro & al. 2011, Afonso-Carrillo 2014), Greenland (Pedersen 2011).

Europe: Adriatic Sea (Giaccone 1978, Ercegovic 1980, Curiel et al. 2012), Apulia (Bottalico & al. 2016), Atlantic France (Burel, Le Duff & Ar Gall 2019), Baltic Sea (Nielsen & al. 1995, Kontula & Fürhapter 2012), Britain (Hardy & Guiry 2003, Brodie & al. 2015), Crimea (Sadogurskiy, Belich & Sadogurskaya 2019), France (Feldmann 1939, Anon. 2017), Greece (Tsirika & Haritonidis 2005, Tsiamis & Panayotidis 2019), Ireland (Guiry 2012), Scandinavia (Athanasiadis 1996), Spain (Rodriguez Prieto & Polo Alberti 1988), Spain (incl. Canary Is.) (Gallardo & al. 2016).

North America: California (Abbott & Hollenberg 1976, Miller 2012), Gulf of California (Norris, Aguilar-Rosas & Pedroche 2017), Mexico (Pedroche & Sentíes 2020), Mexico (Atlantic) (Mendoza-González, Mateo-Cid & García-López 2017, García & al. 2020), Mexico (Pacific) (Mateo-Cid & al. 2020), Nova Scotia (Clayden & Saunders 2008), Oregon and Washington (Hansen et al. 2018), Texas (Wynne 2009).

Caribbean Islands: Cuba (Suárez 2005, Suárez, Martínez-Daranas & Alfonso 2014), Hispaniola (Betancourt & Herrera-Moreno, 2001).

Western Atlantic: Trop. & Subtrop. W. Atlantic (Wynne 2017).

South America: Brazil (Villaca et al. 2010 ), Colombia (Díaz-Pulido & Díaz-Ruíz 2003), Galápagos Islands (Ruiz & Ziemmeck 2011).

Africa: Ghana (John, Lawson & Ameka, 2003, John & al. 2004, Smith, Smith & Nii Yemoh Annang 2015), Mauritania (John & al. 2004), Morocco (Moussa & al. 2018), Nigeria (John, Lawson & Ameka, 2003, John & al. 2004), Spanish North Africa (González García, Paredes Ruiz & Enrique Mirón 2017).

Indian Ocean Islands: Seychelles (Silva & al. 1996).

Middle East: Cyprus (Taskin & al. 2013, Tsiamis & al. 2014), Oman (Wynne & Jupp 1998, Wynne 2018), Turkey (Taskin & al. 2008, Taskin & al. 2008, Taskin (ed.) & al. 2019).

South-west Asia: Lebanon (Lakkis 2013).

South-east Asia: Vietnam (Nguyen et al. 2013).

Asia: China (Liu 2008, Tseng 2009), China (Hainan Island) (Titlyanova, Titlyanov & Kalita 2014, Titlyanov & al. 2015, Titlyanov & al. 2015, Titlyanov & al. 2016, Titlyanov & al. 2019), Commander Islands (Selivanova & Zhigadlova 2013, Klochkova & al. 2021), Japan (Yoshida, Suzuki & Yoshinaga 2015, Titlyanov & al. 2019), Kamchatka (Selivanova & Zhigadlova 2014), Korea (Lee & Kang 2001, Lee 2008, Hwang & Kim 2011), South China Sea (Phang & al. 2016), Yonaguni Island (Titlyanov & al. 2016).

Australia and New Zealand: Australia (Silva & al. 1996, Huisman 2019), Western Australia (Huisman & Woelkering 2018).

Pacific Islands/Pacific Ocean: Central Polynesia (Tsuda & Walsh 2013), French Polynesia (N'Yeurt & Payri 2010), Hawaiian Islands (Abbott 1999, Huisman, Abbott & Smith 2007), Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (Tsuda 2014).

(as Rhodochorton hirsutum K.M.Drew)
North America: British Columbia (Drew 1928).

(as Rhodochorton microscopicum (Nägeli ex Kützing) K.M.Drew)
North America: California (Drew 1928 ), Gulf of California (Dawson 1944).

(as Acrochaetium compactum C.-C.Jao)
North America: Massachusetts (Jao 1936).

(as Chromastrum microscopicum (Nägeli ex Kützing) Papenfuss)
Atlantic Islands: E. Greenland (Pedersen 1976).

(as Audouinella microscopica (Nägeli ex Kützing) Woelkerling)
Atlantic Islands: Bermuda (Schneider & Searles 1998, Schneider 2003), Canary Islands (Viera-Rodriguez & al. 1987, Guadalupe et al. 1995).

Europe: Balearic Islands (Báez et al. 2005b), Britain (Dixon & Irvine 1977, Guiry 1997), France (Báez et al 2005a, Báez et al. 2005b, Dizerbo & Herpe 2007), Ireland (Dixon & Irvine 1977, Morton 1994), Italy (Furnari, Cormaci & Serio 1999, Furnari & al. 2003, Furnari & al. 2003, Furnari & al. 2003, Báez et al 2005a, Báez et al. 2005b), Sardinia (Furnari & al. 2003), Spain (Romero Martinengo & Romero Martinengo 1982, Gallardo & al. 1985, Soto & Conde 1989, Ballesteros 1990, Conde & al. 1996, Báez et al 2005a, Báez et al. 2005b).

North America: Alaska (Scagel & al. 1989), British Columbia (Scagel & al. 1989), California (Scagel & al. 1989), Florida (Schneider & Searles 1991), North Carolina (Schneider & Searles 1991), Washington (Scagel & al. 1989).

South America: Venezuela (Ganesan 1990).

Africa: Algeria (Báez et al. 2005b), Ghana (Price, John & Lawson 1986, Lawson & John 1987), Morocco (Báez et al 2005a, Báez et al. 2005b), Nigeria (Price, John & Lawson 1986, Lawson & John 1987), Tunisia (Báez et al. 2005b).

Asia: Japan (Yoshida, Nakajima & Nakata 1990, Yoshida 1998), Russia (Far East) (Selivanova 2002, Medvedeva & Nikulina 2014).

Australia and New Zealand: Lord Howe Island (Millar & Kraft 1993), New South Wales (Millar & Kraft 1993, Womersley 1994), Queensland (Lewis 1984, Phillips 1997, Phillips 2002, Bostock & Holland 2010), South Australia (Womersley 1994), Western Australia (Huisman & Walker 1990, Womersley 1994, Huisman & Borowitzka 2003).

Pacific Islands/Pacific Ocean: Fiji (N'Yeurt, South & Keats 1996, South & Skelton 2003).

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Cormaci, M., Furnari, G. & Alongi, G. (2017). Flora marina bentonica del Mediterraneo: Rhodophyta (Rhodymeniophycidae escluse). Bollettino dell'Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali di Catania 50(380): 1-391, 53 pls.

Dawes, C.J. & Mathieson, A.C. (2008). The seaweeds of Florida. pp. [i]- viii, [1]-591, [592], pls I-LI. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida.

Dixon, P.S. & Irvine, L.M. (1977). Seaweeds of the British Isles. Volume 1. Rhodophyta. Part 1. Introduction, Nemaliales, Gigartinales. pp. [i]-xi, [1]-252, 90 figs. London: British Museum (Natural History).

Funk, G. (1955). Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Meeresalgen von Neapel: Zugleich mikrophotographischer Atlas. Pubblicazioni della Stazione Zoologica di Napoli 25(Suppl.): i-x , 1-178, 36 figs.

Garbary, D.J. (1987). The Acrochaetiaceae (Rhodophyta): an annotated bibliography. Bibliotheca Phycologica 77: 1-267, 2 tables.

Hollenberg, G.J. & Abbott, I.A. (1966). Supplement to Smith's marine algae of the Monterey Peninsula. pp. [i]-ix [xii], [1]-130, 53 figs. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Huisman, J.M. & Woelkering, W.J. (2018). Acrochaetiales. In: Algae of Australia. Marine benthic algae of north-western Australia. 2. Red algae. (Huisman, J.M. Eds), pp. 18-22. Canberra & Melbourne: ABRS & CSIRO Publishing.

Huisman, J.M. (2019). Marine plants of Australia Revised edition. pp. [i]-xviii, [1]-435, numerous col. figs. Crawley Western Australia: UWA Publishing.

Huisman, J.M., Abbott, I.A., Smith, C.M. (2007). Hawaiian reef plants. pp. [1]-264, numerous colour photographs. Honolulu: A publication of the University of Hawai'i Sea Grant College Program.

Hwang, I.-K. & Kim, H.-S. (2011). Algal flora of Korea. Volume 4, Number 2. Rhodophyta: Florideophyceae, Nemaliophycidae: Acrochaetiales, Colaconematales, Palmariales, Nemaliales. Nemalian red algae. pp. [1-6], 1-111, figs 1-66. Incheon: National Institute of Biological Resources.

Mathieson, A.C. & Dawes, C.J. (2017). Seaweeds of the Northwest Atlantic. pp. [i]-x, 1-798, CIX pls. Amherst & Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.

Pedersen, P.M. (2011). Grønlands havalger. pp. [1] 7-208. Copenhagen: Forlaget Epsilon.DK.

Suárez, A.M., Martínez-Daranas, B. & Alfonso, Y. (2015). Macroalgas marinas de Cuba. pp. [1]-264, 229 figs. La Habana [Havana]: UH [Universidad de La Habana] Editorial.

Womersley, H.B.S. (1994). The marine benthic flora of southern Australia - Part IIIA - Bangiophyceae and Florideophyceae (Acrochaetiales, Nemaliales, Gelidiales, Hildenbrandiales and Gigartinales sensu lato). pp. [1]-508, 167 figs, 4 pls, 4 maps. Canberra: Australian Biological Resources Study.

Created: 28 June 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 16 January 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 3179 times since it was created.

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Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 22 September 2021.

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