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Phalacroma rotundatum (Claparéde & Lachmann) Kofoid & J.R.Michener 1911

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Subkingdom Harosa (supergroup SAR)
Infrakingdom Halvaria
Phylum Miozoa
Subphylum Myzozoa
Infraphylum Dinozoa
Superclass Dinoflagellata
Class Dinophyceae
Order Dinophysales
Family Oxyphysaceae
Genus Phalacroma

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Phalacroma rotundatum (Claparéde & Lachmann) Kofoid & J.R.Michener
Bainbridge Island, Washington, USA; Waterfront Park, 1000x, DIC. 30 Apr 2011. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun.

Phalacroma rotundatum (Claparéde & Lachmann) Kofoid & J.R.Michener
© Robin Raine (Robin.Raine@nuigalway.ie).

 

Pylaiella gardneri Collins

Dinophysis rotundata Claparède & Lachmann
© Robin Raine (Robin.Raine@nuigalway.ie)

Publication details
Phalacroma rotundatum (Claparéde & Lachmann) Kofoid & J.R.Michener 1911: 290

Published in: Kofoid, C.A. & Michener, J.R. (1911). Reports on the scientific results of the expedition to the Eastern Tropical Pacific, in charge of Alexander Agassiz, by the U.S. Fish Commission Steamer "Albatross" from October 1904 to March 1905, Lieut. Commander L.M. Garrett, U.S.N., Commanding. XXII. New Genera and species of dinoflagellates. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 54(7): 265-302.
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Phalacroma is Phalacroma porodictyum F.Stein.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Dinophysis rotundata Claparède & Lachmann

Type information
Type locality: North Sea: Glesnesholm, Norway (Faust & Gulledge 2002: 32). Holotype: (Faust & Gulledge 2002: 32).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), almost circular, with length breadth ratio of about 6 to 5 (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Dinophysis rotundata Claparède & Lachmann 1859
Prodinophysis rotundata (Claparéde & Lachmann) Balech 1944

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Dinophysis whittingiae Balech 1971

Nomenclatural notes
Harmful species (Lassus et al. 2017). - (22 May 2017) - M.D. Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Dodge, J.D. (1982). Marine dinoflagellates of the British Isles. pp. 1-303, 35 figs, pls I-VIII. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office.

Gómez, F., López-García, P. & Moreira, D. (2011). Molecular phylogeny of dinophysoid dinoflagellates: the systematic position of Oxyphysis oxytoxoides and the Dinophysis hastata group (Dinophysales, Dinophyceae). Journal of Phycology 47(2): 393-406.

Handy, S.M., Bachvaroff, T.R., Timme, R.E., Coats, D.W., Kim, S. & Delwiche, C.F. (2009). Phylogeny of four dinophysiacean genera (Dinophyceae, Dinophysiales) based on rDNA sequences from single cells and environmental samples. Journal of Phycology 45(5): 1163-1174.

Hastrup Jensen, M. & Daugbjerg, N. (2009). Molecular phylogeny of selected species of the order Dinophysiales (Dinophyceae) - testing the hypothesis of a dinophysioid radiation. Journal of Phycology 45(5): 1136-1152.

Lassus, P., Chomérat, N., Hess, P. & Nézan, E. (2017 '2016'). Toxic and harmful microalgae of the World Ocean. Micro-algues toxiques et nuisibles de l'Océan Mondial. IOC Manuals and guides, 68 (Bilingual English/French). pp. 1-523, 54 pls. Denmark: International Society for the Study of Harmful Algae/ Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO.

McMinn, A. & Scott, F.J. (2005). Dinoflagellates. In: Antarctic marine protists. (Scott, F.J. & Marchant, H.J. Eds), pp. 202-250. Canberra & Hobart: Australian Biological Resources Study; Australian Antarctic Division.

Skuja, H. (1934 "1933"). Beitrag zur Algenflora Lettlands. I. Acta Horti Botanici Universitatis Latviensis 7: 25-85, 119 figs.

Steidinger, K.A. & Tangen, K. (1996). Dinoflagellates. In: Identifying Marine Phytoplankton. (Tomas, C.R. Eds), pp. 387-584. San Diego: Academic Press.

Created: 17 August 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 01 November 2019 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 2339 times since it was created.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 15 August 2020.

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