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Helicosphaera carteri (Wallich) Kamptner 1954

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Subkingdom Hacrobia
Phylum Haptophyta
Class Coccolithophyceae
Subclass Prymnesiophycidae
Order Zygodiscales
Family Helicosphaeraceae
Genus Helicosphaera


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Helicosphaera carteri (Wallich) Kamptner
Ireland. Pauhla McGrane. © Pauhla McGrane (robin.raine@nuigalway.ie).


Helicosphaera carteri (Wallich) Kamptner Ireland
© Pauhla McGrane (robin.raine@nuigalway.ie)

Publication details
Helicosphaera carteri (Wallich) Kamptner 1954: 21, 23, figs 17-19 (as 'Carteri' )

Published in: Kamptner, E. (1954). Untersuchungen über den Feinbau der Coccolithen. Archiv für Protistenkunde 100: 1-90.

Type species
This is the type species (holotype) of the genus Helicosphaera.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Coccosphaera carterii Wallich

Type information
Type locality: free-floating, Indian Ocean and Atlantic (Index Nominum Algarum).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Coccosphaera carterii Wallich 1877

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Helicosphaera neogranulata (Gartner) Haq & Berggren
Coccolithus carteri (Wallich) Kamptner 1941
Helicopontosphaera kamptneri W.W.Hay & H.Mohler 1967
Helicosphaera kamptneri (W.H.Hay & H.Mohler) Locker 1973
Syracolithus confusus A.Kleijne 1991

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Helicosphaera carteri (Wallich) Kamptner)
Atlantic Islands: Canary Islands (Afonso-Carrillo 2014), Madeira (Kaufmann, Santos & Maranhão 2015, Kaufmann, Santos & Maranhão 2015, Kaufmann, Santos & Maranhão 2015).

Europe: Adriatic Sea (Vilicic, Marasovic & Miokovic 2002), Britain (Parke & Dixon 1976), Portugal (Moita & Vilarinho 1999).

South America: Brazil (Bergesh 2010).

Asia: China (Liu 2008).

Australia and New Zealand: New Zealand (Rhodes & al. 2012).

Antarctic and Antarctic islands: Antarctica/Subantarctic Islands (Findlay, Young & Scott 2005).

World: World (Jordan & Green 1994).

(as Helicopontosphaera kamptneri W.W.Hay & H.Mohler)
Australia and New Zealand: New Zealand (Rhodes & al. 2012).

(as Syracolithus confusus A.Kleijne)
Atlantic Islands: Madeira (Kaufmann, Santos & Maranhão 2015).

South America: Brazil (Bergesh 2010).

World: World (Jordan & Green 1994).

Key references
Chrétiennot-Dinet, M.-J. (1990). Atlas du phytoplancton marin. Volume III: Chlorarachnophycées, Chlorophycées, Chrysophycées, Cryptophycées, Euglénophycées, Eustigmatophycées, Prasinophycées, Prymnesiophycées, Rhodophycées et Tribophycées Avec la collaboration de Chantal Billard et Alain Sournia. pp. [1]-261. Paris: Éditions du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique 15, quai Anatole France - 75700 Paris.

Findlay, C.S., Young, J.R. & Scott, F.J. (2005). Haptophyta:Order Coccolithophorales. In: Antarctic marine protists. (Scott, F.J. & Marchant, H.J. Eds), pp. 276-294. Canberra & Hobart: Australian Biological Resources Study; Australian Antarctic Division.

Heimdal, B.R. (1996). Modern coccolithophorids. In: Identifying marine phytoplankton. (Tomas, C.R. Eds), pp. 731-834. San Diego: Academic Press.

Jordan, R.W., Cros, L. & Young, J.R. (2004). A revised classification scheme for living haptophytes. Micropaleontology 50(Suppl. 1): 55-79.

Nakayama, T., Yoshida, M., Noël, M.-H., Kawachi, M. & Inouye, I. (2005). Ultrastructure and phylogenetic position of Chrysoculter rhomhoideus gen. et sp. nov. (Prymnesiophyceae), a new flagellate haptophyte from Japanese coastal waters. Phycologia 44: 369-383.

Supraha, L. & Henderiks, J. (2020). A 15-million-year-long record of phenotypic evolution in the heavily calcified coccolithophore Helicosphaera and its biogeochemical implications. Biogeosciences 17: 2955-2969, 8 figs.

Created: 29 August 2002 by Olivia Fitzgerald

Verified by: 16 June 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 1573 times since it was created.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 26 November 2020.

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