157,570 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,210 images, 60,985 bibliographic items, 458,958 distributional records.

Gymnodinium helix Pouchet

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Subkingdom Harosa (supergroup SAR)
Infrakingdom Halvaria
Phylum Miozoa
Subphylum Myzozoa
Infraphylum Dinozoa
Superclass Dinoflagellata
Class Dinophyceae
Order Gymnodiniales
Family Gymnodiniaceae
Genus Gymnodinium

 

Publication details
Gymnodinium helix Pouchet 1887: 94-96, fig. 1 [text-fig in page 95]

Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Gymnodinium is Gymnodinium fuscum (Ehrenberg) F.Stein.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Torquentidium helix (Pouchet) H.H.Shin, Z.Li, K.W.Lee & K.Matsuoka

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

General environment
This is a marine species.

Type information
Type locality: France: Concarneau (Silva 1996-to date).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Source of current name
Shin, H.H., Li, Z., Lee, K.-W. & Matsuoka, K. (2019). Molecular phylogeny and morphology of Torquentidium gen et comb. nov. for Cochlodinium convolutum and allied species (Ceratoperidiniaceae, Dinophyceae). European Journal of Phycology 54(3): 249-262.

Key references
Dodge, J.D. (1982). Marine dinoflagellates of the British Isles. pp. 1-303, 35 figs, pls I-VIII. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office.

Silva, P.C. (1996-to date). Index Nominum Algarum, University Herbarium, University of California, Berkeley http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/INA.html. Updated continuously. ..

Steidinger, K.A. & Tangen, K. (1996). Dinoflagellates. In: Identifying Marine Phytoplankton. (Tomas, C.R. Eds), pp. 387-584. San Diego: Academic Press.

Created: 11 September 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 08 November 2019 by Wendy Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 310 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Gómez, F. (2018). Redefinition of Ceratoperidinium and Pseliodinium (Ceratoperidiniaceae, Dinophyceae) including reassignment of Gymnodinium fuscus, Cochlodinium helix and C. pirum to Pseliodinium. CICIMAR Oceánides 33(1): 1-11, 103 figs.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=55249

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
Wendy Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 26 February 2020.

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