156,948 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,044 images, 60,671 bibliographic items, 451,249 distributional records.

Mesodinium rubrum Leegaard

Publication details
Mesodinium rubrum Leegaard 1915

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Mesodinium is .

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), red (Stearn 1973).

No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

Usage notes
red tides (Lee et al., 2014) - (11 Jul 2014) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Mesodinium rubrum Leegaard)
Europe: Portugal (Moita & Vilarinho 1999), Scandinavia (Karlason et al. 2018), Spain (García-Portela et al. 2018).

Africa: Ghana (Smith, Smith & Nii Yemoh Annang 2015).

Asia: Korea (Lee et al. 2014, Jeong et al. 2017).

Antarctic and Antarctic islands: McMurdo Sound (Moeller et al. 2011).

Key references
Bérard-Therriault, L., Poulin, M. & Bossé, L. (1999). Guide d'identification du phytoplancton marin de l'estuaire et du Golfe du Saint-Laurent incluant également certains protozoaires. Publication Spéciale Canadienne des Sciences Halieutiques et Aquatiques 128: 1-387.

Lee, K.H., Jeong, H.J., Yoon, E.Y., Jang, S.H., Kim, H.S. & Yih, W. (2014). Feeding by common heterotrophic dinoflagellates and a ciliate on the red-tide ciliate Mesodiniim rubrum. Algae. An International Journal of Algal Research 29(2): 153-163.

Created: 22 November 2002 by Andy Taylor

Verified by: 10 November 2015 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 2741 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Kim, M., Nam, S.W., Shin, W., Coats, D.W. & Park, M.G. (2012). Dinophysis caudata (Dinophyceae) sequesters and retains plastids from the mixotrophic ciliate prey Mesodinium rubrum. Journal of Phycology 48(3): 569-579.
Moeller, H.V., Johnson, M.D. & P.G. Falkowski, P.G. (2011). Photoacclimation in the phototrophic marine ciliate Mesodinium rubrum (Ciliophora). Journal of Phycology 47(2): 324-332.
Rial, P., Garrido, J.L., Jaén, D. & Rodriguez, F. (2013). Pigment composition in three Dinophysis species (Dinophyceae) and the associated cultures of Mesodinium rubrum and Teleaulax amphioxeia. J. Plankton Res. 35: 433-437.
Seong, K.A., Myung, G., Jeong, H.J., Yih, W., Kim, H.S., Jo, H.J., Park, J.Y. & Yoo, Y. D. (2017). Ingestion rate and grazing impact by the mixotrophic ciliate Mesodinium rubrum on natural populations of marine heterotrophic bacteria in the coastal waters of Korea. Algae. An International Journal of Algal Research 32(1): 47-55.
Smith, W.O., Jr & Barber, R.T. (1979). A carbon budget for the autotrophic ciliate Mesodinium rubrum. Journal of Phycology 15: 27-33, 4 figs, 2 tables.
Taylor, F.J.R., Blackbourn, D.J. & Blackbourn, J. (1969). Ultrastructure of the chloroplasts and associated structures within the marine ciliate Mesodinium rubrum (Lohmann). Nature, London 224: 819-821.
Taylor, F.J.R., Blackbourn, D.J. & Blackbourn, J. (1971). The red-water ciliate Mesodinium rubrum and its "incomplete symbionts": a review including new ultrastructure observations. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada 28: 391-407.
White, A.W., Sheath, R.G. & Hellebust, J.A. (1977). A red tide caused by the marine ciliate Mesodinium rubrum in Passamaquoddy Bay, including pigment and ultrastructural studies of the endosymbiont. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada 34: 413-416.
Yih, W., Myung, G., Kim, H.S. & Jeong, H.J. (2005). Semiweekly variation of spring population of a mixotrophic ciliate Myrionecta rubra (=Mesodinium rubrum) in Keum River estuary, Korea. Algae 20(3): 207-216, 8 figs, 5 tables. [in Korean]
Yoo, J.S., Lee, J.H. & Fukuyo, Y. (1998). Red tide organism: ciliate Mesodinium rubrum (Lohmann) Hamburger et Buddenbrock. Algae 13(1): 143-149, 2 figs. [in Korean]
Yoo, Y.D., Seong, K.A., Myung, G., Kim, H.S., Jeong, J.H., Palenik, B. & Yih, W. (2015). Ingestion of the unicellular cyanobacterium Synechococcus by mixotrophic red tide ciliate Mesodinium rubrum. Algae. An International Journal of Algal Research 30(4): 281-290.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=56539

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 07 December 2019.

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