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Stypocaulon scoparium (Linnaeus) Kützing 1843

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Phylum Ochrophyta
Class Phaeophyceae
Subclass Dictyotophycidae
Order Sphacelariales
Family Stypocaulaceae
Genus Stypocaulon


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Stypocaulon scoparium (Linnaeus) Kützing
Le Vasche, near Calafuria, Livorno, Italy; specimen in low-shore rockpool, with Hypnea musciformis, Cladophora spp., Laurencia spp. and Padina pavonica. 16 Apr 2007. Fabio Rindi. © Fabio Rindi (f.rindi@univpm.it).

Stypocaulon scoparium (Linnaeus) Kützing
Madeira. Peter Wirtz. © Peter Wirtz (peterwirtz2004@yahoo.com ).

Stypocaulon scoparium (Linnaeus) Kützing
middle intertidial, Spain, Galicia, Lugo, Peinzás, 2007. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Stypocaulon scoparium (Linnaeus) Kützing
Peinzás, Lugo, Galicia, Spain, 2008. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Stypocaulon scoparium (Linnaeus) Kützing
middle intertidial, Spain, Galicia, Ría de Coruña, 2007. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Stypocaulon scoparium (Linnaeus) Kützing
middle intertidial, Spain, Galicia, Ría de Coruña, 2007 (with Bifurcaria bifurcata). Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

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26 Found - Displaying 21 through 26


Phycoseris uncialis Kützing

Stypocaulon scoparium (Linnaeus) Kützing Stypocaulon scoparium, aegragopiles drift over sand, North of Galicia, Spain, 2009, Ignacio Bárbara"
© Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es)

Publication details
Stypocaulon scoparium (Linnaeus) Kützing 1843: 293, pl. 18: fig. II

Published in: Kützing, F.T. (1843). Phycologia generalis oder Anatomie, Physiologie und Systemkunde der Tange. Mit 80 farbig gedruckten Tafeln, gezeichnet und gravirt vom Verfasser. pp. [part 1]: [i]-xxxii, [1]-142, [part 2:] 143-458, 1, err.], pls 1-80. Leipzig: F.A. Brockhaus.
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Publication date: 14-16 Sep 1843

Type species
This is the type species (holotype) of the genus Stypocaulon.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Halopteris scoparia (Linnaeus) Sauvageau

Conferva scoparia Linnaeus

Type information
Type locality: "in mari Europaeo" (Athanasiadis 1996: 202). Type: OXF

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), in the form of a broom; fastigiate (Stearn 1973).

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Sphacelaria scoparioides Lyngbye 1819
Sphacelaria spinulosa Lyngbye 1819
Sphacelaria scoparia var. aestivalis J.Agardh 1842
Sphacelaria scoparia var. hiemalis J.Agardh 1842
Sphacelaria scoparia f. aestivalis (J.Agardh) Areschoug 1850
Sphacelaria scoparia f. hiemalis (J.Agardh) Areschoug 1850
Stypocaulon scoparium var. scoparioides (Lyngbye) Holmes & Batters 1891
Stypocaulon scoparium f. spinulosum (Lyngbye) Reinke 1892
Halopteris spinulosa (Lyngbye) Sauvageau 1904
Halopteris spinulosa var. patentissima Sauvageau 1904
Stypocaulon scoparium f. petentissimum (Sauvageau) Lund 1950
Halopteris scoparia var. scoparioides (Lyngbye) Prud'homme 1978

Taxonomic notes
John et al. (2004) cite Sphacelaria scoparia var. disticha (Lyngb.) Lenorm., Sphacelaria scoparia var. glomerata (Kütz.) Grunow and Sphacelaria scoparia var. virgata (Kütz.) Grunow as synonyms of this species.

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Stypocaulon scoparium (Linnaeus) Kützing)
English: Sea Flax Weed (Bunker & al. 2010).

Swedish: Taggtofs (Tolstoy & Österlund 2003).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Source of current name
Draisma, S.G.A., Prud'homme van Reine, W.F. & Kawai, H. (2010). A revised classification of the Sphacelariales (Phaeophyceae) inferred from a psbC and rbcL based phylogeny. European Journal of Phycology 45(3): 308-326.

Key references
Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Funk, G. (1955). Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Meeresalgen von Neapel: Zugleich mikrophotographischer Atlas. Pubblicazioni della Stazione Zoologica di Napoli 25(Suppl.): i-x , 1-178, 36 figs.

Mathieson, A.C. & Dawes, C.J. (2017). Seaweeds of the Northwest Atlantic. pp. [i]-x, 1-798, 109 pls. Amherst & Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.

Nielsen, R. & Lundsteen, S. (2019). Danmarks havalger Bind 2 Brunalger (Phaeophyceae) og Grønalger (Chlorophyta). Scientia Danica. Series B, Biologica 8: [1]-476, col. figs and distributional maps.

Salavarría Palma, E.A. & Paul, S. (2020). A peep into the transcriptome studies of the industrially important brown algae with special focus on Macrocystis genus. Revista Peruana de Biología 27(1): 49-53.

Sánchez, I. & Fernández, C. (2005). Impact of the invasive seaweed Sargassum muticum (Phaeophyta) on an intertidal macroalgal assemblage. Journal of Phycology 41: 923-930.

Sánchez, I., Fernández, C. & Arrontes, J. (2005). Long-term changes in the structure of intertidal assemblages following invasion by Sargassum muticum (Phaeophyta). Journal of Phycology 41: 942-949.

Serio, D., Alongi, G., Catra, M., Cormaci, M. & Furnari, G. (2006). Changes in the benthic algal flora of Linosa Island (Straits of Sicily, Mediterranean Sea). Botanica Marina 49: 135-144.

Sfriso, A. (2011). Ochrophyta (Phaeophyceae e Xanthophyceae). Ambiente di transizione italiani e litorali adiacenti. pp. [1]-234, pls 1-51. Bologna: Arpa Emilia-Romagna.

Zinova, A.D. (1967). Opredelitel' zelenykh, burykh i krasnykh vodorosley yuzhnykh morey SSSR [Manual for identification of the green, brown and red algae of the southern seas of the USSR]. pp. 224, 222 figures. Moscow & Leningrad: Izdatel'stvo Akademii Nauk SSSR. [in Russian]

Created: 31 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 17 February 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 17754 times since it was created.

Verification of data
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(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Novaczek, I., Breeman, A.M. & van den Hoek, C. (1989). Thermal tolerance of Stypocaulon scoparium (Phaeophyta, Sphacelariales) from eastern and western shores of the North Atlantic Ocean. Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen 43: 183-193.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 23 October 2021.

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