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Alexandrium tamiyavanichii Balech 1994

Publication details
Alexandrium tamiyavanichii Balech 1994: 217, figs 1-6 (as 'tamiyavanichi' )

Published in: Balech, E. (1994). Three new species of the genus Alexandrium (Dinoflagellata). Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 113(2): 216-220, 15 figs.

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Alexandrium is Alexandrium minutum Halim.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Type information
Type locality: Ang Sila, Tahiland (Faust & Gulledge 2002: 20). Holotype: (Faust & Gulledge 2002: 20).

Named for Professor Suthichai Tamiyavanich, researcher on red tide and toxic dinoflagellates in Thailand.

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Protogonyaulax tamiyavanichii (Balech) F.Gómez & L.F.Artigas 2019

Usage notes
This is an armoured, marine, planktonic dinoflaggellate. It is a producer of strong PSP toxins in the Gulf of Thailand. Faust & Gulledge (2002: 20) note that this species produces potent paralytic shellfish poison (PSP); gonyautoxins and saxitoxin. Please consult original reference for further details. Harmful species.

Menezes et al. (2010: 1242) detected seven paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP) toxins in the A. tamiyavanichii isolate (A1PSA) from northeast Brazil, with STX being the most important toxin for the overall cell toxicity. - (11 Feb 2011) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Faust, M.A. & Gulledge, R.A. (2002). Identifying harmful marine dinoflagellates. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 42: 1-144.

Hallegraeff, G.M., Anderson, D.M. & Cembella, A.D., Eds (2003). Manual on harmful marine microalgae. Paris: UNESCO.

Kim, K.-Y., Yoshida, M. & Kim, C.-H. (2005). Molecular phylogeny of three hitherto unreported Alexandrium species: Alexandrium hiranoi, Alexandrium leei and Alexandrium satoanum (Gonyaulacales, Dinophyceae) inferred from the 18S and 26S rDNA sequence data. Phycologia 44: 361-368.

Larsen, J. & Nguyen-Ngoc, L. [eds.] (2004). Potentially toxic microalgae of Vietnamese waters. Opera Botanica 140: 5-216. [in English and Vietnamese]

Lassus, P., Chomérat, N., Hess, P. & Nézan, E. (2017 '2016'). Toxic and harmful microalgae of the World Ocean. Micro-algues toxiques et nuisibles de l'Océan Mondial. IOC Manuals and guides, 68 (Bilingual English/French). pp. 1-523, 54 pls. Denmark: International Society for the Study of Harmful Algae/ Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO.

Leaw, C.P., Lim, P.T., Ng, B.K., Cheah, M.Y., Ahmad, A. & Usup, G. (2005). Phylogenetic analysis of Alexandrium species and Pyrodinium bahamense (Dinophyceae) based on theca morphology and nuclear ribosomal gene sequence. Phycologia 44: 550-565.

Steidinger, K.A. & Tangen, K. (1996). Dinoflagellates. In: Identifying Marine Phytoplankton. (Tomas, C.R. Eds), pp. 387-584. San Diego: Academic Press.

Created: 21 January 2003 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 24 April 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 1586 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Lim, P.-T., Leaw, C.-P., Usup, G., Kobiyama, A., Koike, K. & Ogata, T. (2006). Effects of light and temperature on growth, nitrate uptake, and toxin production of two tropical dinoflagellates: Alexandrium tamiyavanichii and Alexandrium minutum (Dinophyceae). Journal of Phycology 42: 786-799.
Nagai, S., Itakura, S., Matsuyama, Y. & Kotani, Y. (2003). Encystment under laboratory conditions of the toxic dinoflagellate Alexandrium tamiyavanichii (Dinophyceae) isolated from the Seto Inland Sea, Japan. Phycologia 42: 646-653.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 27 July 2021.

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