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Asparagopsis taxiformis (Delile) Trevisan 1845

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Bonnemaisoniales
Family Bonnemaisoniaceae
Genus Asparagopsis

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Asparagopsis taxiformis (Delile) Trevisan
Cape Peron, Western Australia. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

Asparagopsis taxiformis (Delile) Trevisan
Caniçal, Madeira. 17 Jan 2019. Pedro Neves. © Pedro Neves (nevesdiver@gmail.com).

Asparagopsis taxiformis (Delile) Trevisan
La Rhianna, Andalucia, Spain. 23 Jul 2013. Francis Bunker. © Francis Bunker (fbunker@marineseen.com).

Asparagopsis taxiformis (Delile) Trevisan
South Africa. 09 Dec 2011. Robert Anderson (anderson@botzoo.uct.ac.za). © Robert Anderson (anderson@botzoo.uct.ac.za).

Asparagopsis taxiformis (Delile) Trevisan
Knysna Estuary, Western Cape, South Africa, April 2008. 09 Dec 2011. Robert Anderson. © Robert Anderson (anderson@botzoo.uct.ac.za).

Asparagopsis taxiformis (Delile) Trevisan
Hawaii; Falkenbergia-phase filaments; scale 100 µm. 12 Aug 2011. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

Asparagopsis taxiformis (Delile) Trevisan
Hawaii; scale is 5 mm. 12 Aug 2011. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

Asparagopsis taxiformis (Delile) Trevisan
Bonaire, Caribbean. 26 Mar 2011. Mat Vestjens & Anne Frijsinger. © Mat Vestjens & Anne Frijsinger (annenmat@natuurlijkmooi.net).

Asparagopsis taxiformis (Delile) Trevisan
Lord Howe Island, Australia. 21 Nov 2010. M.D. Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Asparagopsis taxiformis (Delile) Trevisan
Asparagopsis taxiformis, Lord Howe Island, Australia . M.D. Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

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Dasyopsis antillarum M.Howe

Asparagopsis taxiformis (Delile) Trevisan Panama. Filament with 3 pericentral cells; each cell set rotated approximately 60°.
© Diane Littler (littlerd@si.edu)

Publication details
Asparagopsis taxiformis (Delile) Trevisan 1845: 45

Published in: Trevisan, V.B.A. (1845). Nomenclator algarum, ou collection des noms imposées aux plantes de la famille des algues. pp. 1-80. Padoue [Padua]: Imprimerie du Seminaire.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Asparagopsis is Asparagopsis delilei Montagne.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Fucus taxiformis Delile

Type information
Type locality: Alexandria, Egypt (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996: 182). Type: herb. Lenormand, C (Yoshida 1998: 648).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), resembling the genus Taxus.

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus taxiformis Delile 1813
Lictoria taxiformis (Delile) J.Agardh 1841

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Asparagopsis delilei Montagne 1841
Dasya delilei Montagne 1841
Asparagopsis sanfordiana Harvey 1855
Polysiphonia hilldenbrandii Bornet 1883
Falkenbergia hillebrandii (Bornet) Falkenberg 1901
Polysiphonia patentifurcata V.Schiffner 1929

Distributional notes
According to Womersley (1996) this species is distributed in tropical/ subtropical oceans generally and lists the following Australian locations: Northern Australia to Rottnest I., W. Aust., and southern Qld; Lord Howe I.; The Gulf region of S. Aust. This species has been introduced into the Mediterranean (Verlaque et al. 2015: 111) being first found at Alexandria, Egypt around 1798-1801. It is likely that there were two separate introductions: one by shipping and the other via the Suez Canal. The species in now widely distributed in the Mediterranean.

Usage notes
Used fresh in Hawaii as “limu” (generic name for seaweed) to flavour meat and fish dishes.

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Asparagopsis taxiformis (Delile) Trevisan)
English: Supreme Limu (Chapman & Chapman 1980).

Hawaiian: Limu kohu, Limu lipaakai, Kohu lipeche, Kohu koko (Madlener 1977), Kohu lipehe (Abbott 1984).

Japanese: Kagikenori (Madlener 1977).

(as Asparagopsis sanfordiana Harvey)
Hawaiian: Limu kohu, Limu koko, Limu nipaakai (Chapman & Chapman 1980).

Common names used in commerce, often for edible algae
limu kohu; bulaklak {Tagal}

Habitat
A tropical/subtropical species; thalli are epilithic (Womersley 1996: 331).

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Fucus taxiformis Delile)
Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Asparagopsis delilei Montagne)
Atlantic Islands: Canary Islands (Price, John & Lawson 1986).

Africa: Pagalu (Price, John & Lawson 1986).

Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Dasya delilei Montagne)
Atlantic Islands: Canary Islands (Gil-Rodriguez 1982, Price, John & Lawson 1986).

Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Lictoria taxiformis (Delile) J.Agardh)
Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Asparagopsis taxiformis (Delile) Trevisan)
Atlantic Islands: Ascension (Tsiamis & al. 2017), Azores (Neto 1994, Tittley & Neto 2005, Parente, Neto & al. 2020), Bermuda (Taylor 1960, Schneider 2003), Canary Islands (Gil-Rodriguez 1982, Ballesteros, Sansón, Reyes, Afonso-Carrillo & Gil-Rodríguez 1992, Haroun & al. 2002, Herrera-López et al 2003, Moreira-Reyes et al 2003, Gil-Rodríguez et al. 2003, John & al. 2004, Ní Chualáin & al. 2004, Hernández-González et al. 2004a, Hernández-González et al. 2004b, Domínguez-Alvarez et al. 2005, Anon. 2011, Afonso-Carrillo 2014), Cape Verde Islands (Otero-Schmitt & Sanjuan 1992, John & al. 2004, Prud'homme van Reine, Haroun & Kostermans 2005, Gabriel & Fredericq 2019), Lanzarote (Gil-Rodríguez & Afonso-Carrillo 1980), Madeira (Levring 1974, Neto, Cravo & Haroun 2001, Haroun & al. 2002, John & al. 2004), Salvage Islands (Audiffred & Weisscher 1984, Price, John & Lawson 1986, Price, John & Lawson 1986, Parente & al. 2000, John & al. 2004).

Europe: Apulia (Bottalico & al. 2016), Balearic Islands (Ballesteros & Rodríguez-Prieto 1996, Joher et al. 2012), France (Dizerbo & Herpe 2007, Anon. 2017), Italy (Ní Chualáin & al. 2004, Ní Chualáin & al. 2004), Spain (Báez, Conde & Flores-Moya 2001, Zanolla et al. 2017, Altamirano & al. 2019), Spain (incl. Canary Is.) (Gallardo & al. 2016).

North America: California (Abbott & Hollenberg 1976, Stewart 1991, Miller 2012), Florida (Schneider & Searles 1991, Ní Chualáin & al. 2004, Zanolla et al. 2017), Georgia (Schneider & Searles 1991), Gulf of California (Norris, Aguilar-Rosas & Pedroche 2017), Mexico (Dawson 1953, Ní Chualáin & al. 2004, Castaneda-Fernández de Lara et al. 2010 , Pedroche & Sentíes 2020), Mexico (Atlantic) (Ek García-García & al. 2020), North Carolina (Schneider & Searles 1991).

Central America: Belize (Norris & Bucher 1982), Costa Rica (Fernández-García & al. 2011), El Salvador (Fernández-García & al. 2011), Panama (Taylor 1960).

Caribbean Islands: Bahamas (Taylor 1960), Barbados (Taylor 1960, Taylor 1969), Caribbean (Littler & Littler 2000), Cuba (Suárez 2005, Suárez, Martínez-Daranas & Alfonso 2014, Torres Conde & Martínez-Daranas 2019), Hispaniola (Betancourt & Herrera-Moreno, 2001), Jamaica (Taylor 1960), Lesser Antilles (Taylor 1960, Taylor 1969), Martinique (Rodríguez-Prieto, Michanek & Ivon 1999, Delnatte & Wynne 2016), Puerto Rico (Ní Chualáin & al. 2004), Virgin Islands (Taylor 1960).

Western Atlantic: Trop. & Subtrop. W. Atlantic (Wynne 2017).

South America: Brazil (Taylor 1930, Taylor 1960, Joly 1965, Oliveira Filho 1977, Falcão & Menezes de Széchy 2005, Villaca et al. 2010 ), Chile (Santelices 1989, Ramírez & Santelices 1991), Colombia (Díaz-Pulido & Díaz-Ruíz 2003), Galápagos Islands (Ruiz & Ziemmeck 2011), Temperate South America (Ramírez & Santelices 1991), Venezuela (Taylor 1960, Ganesan 1990).

Africa: Equatorial Guinea (John & al. 2004), Ghana (Price, John & Lawson 1986, Lawson & John 1987, John, Lawson & Ameka, 2003, John & al. 2004, Smith, Smith & Nii Yemoh Annang 2015), Guinea (John & al. 2004), Kenya (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Bolton, Oyieke & Gwanda 2007), Liberia (Price, John & Lawson 1986, John, Lawson & Ameka, 2003, John & al. 2004), Madagascar (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Mauritania (John & al. 2004), Mauritius (Børgesen 1942, Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Mediterranean Sea (Altamirano et al. 2010), Morocco (Riadi & al. 2011, Moussa & al. 2018), Mozambique (Bandeira, António & Critchley 2001), Nigeria (Price, John & Lawson 1986, Lawson & John 1987, John, Lawson & Ameka, 2003, John & al. 2004), Senegal (John & al. 2004), South Africa (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, De Clerck, Tronchin & Schils 2005 ), Tanzania (incl. Zanzibar) (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Oliveira, Österlund & Mtolera 2005).

Indian Ocean Islands: Cocos (Keeling) Islands (Andreakis et al. 2016), Laccadive Islands (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Maldives (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Seychelles (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996).

Middle East: Egypt (Papenfuss 1968, Aleem 1993), Iran (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Kokabi & Yousefzadi 2015), Israel (Hoffman 2004, Einav 2007, Einav & Israel 2008, Hoffman et al. 2014 , Israel & Einav 2017), Jordan (Papenfuss 1968), Kuwait (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Oman (Wynne & Jupp 1998, Wynne 2018), Turkey (Taskin (ed.) & al. 2019), Yemen (Papenfuss 1968).

South-west Asia: Arabian Gulf (John & Al-Thani 2014), Bangladesh (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Ahmed & al. 2009), India (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Sahoo et al. 2001, Rao & Gupta 2015), Lebanon (Lakkis 2013, Bitar & al. 2017 ), Pakistan (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Sri Lanka (Coppejans & al. 2009).

South-east Asia: Indonesia (Atmadja & Prud'homme van Reine 2012), Philippines (Silva, Meñez & Moe 1987, Kraft et al. 1999, Liao, Belleza & Gerldino 2013, Ang, Sin Man Leung & Mei Mei Choi 2014), Singapore (Pham & al. 2011), Thailand (Coppejans & al. 2011), Vietnam (Pham-Hoàng 1969, Kristiansen & Lind 1995, Kristiansen & Lind 1995, Abbott, Fisher & McDermid 2002, Ní Chualáin & al. 2004, Tsutsui et al. 2005, Titlyanov et al. 2011, Titlyanov & Titlyanov 2012, Nguyen et al. 2013, Titlyanov, Titlyanova & Belous 2015).

Asia: China (Tseng 1984, Liu 2008), China (Hainan Island) (Titlyanova, Titlyanov & Kalita 2014, Titlyanov & al. 2015, Titlyanov & al. 2015, Titlyanov & al. 2016, Titlyanov & al. 2019), Japan (Segawa 1981, Yoshida, Nakajima & Nakata 1990, Yoshida 1998, Ní Chualáin & al. 2004, Yoshida, Suzuki & Yoshinaga 2015, Titlyanov & al. 2019), Korea (Lee & Kang 1986, Lee & Kang 2001, Lee 2008), South China Sea (Phang & al. 2016), South Korea (Andreakis et al. 2016), Taiwan (Lewis & Norris 1987, Huang 2000, Shao 2003-2014), Yonaguni Island (Titlyanov & al. 2016).

Australia and New Zealand: Australia (Huisman 2019), Great Barrier Reef (Andreakis et al. 2016), Houtman Abrolhos (Huisman 1997), Lord Howe Island (Millar & Kraft 1993, Womersley 1996, Huisman 2000, Andreakis et al. 2016), New South Wales (Andreakis et al. 2016 ), New Zealand (Adams 1994, Nelson 2012), Norfolk Island (Millar 1999 , Andreakis et al. 2016), Northern Territory (Womersley 1958, Lewis 1984, Womersley 1996, Huisman 2000), Papua New Guinea (Coppejans & Millar 2000), Queensland (Lewis 1984, Cribb 1996, Womersley 1996, Phillips 1997, Huisman 2000, Phillips 2002, Bostock & Holland 2010), Rangitahua/Kermadec Islands (Duffy & Ahyong 2015, Andreakis et al. 2016), South Australia (Womersley 1996, Huisman 2000), Western Australia (Huisman & Walker 1990, Womersley 1996, Huisman 2000, Huisman & Borowitzka 2003, Ní Chualáin & al. 2004, Huisman & al. 2009, Huisman 2018).

Pacific Islands: Central Polynesia (Tsuda & Walsh 2013), Easter Island (Santelices & Abbott 1987), Federated States of Micronesia (Lobban & Tsuda 2003, Lobban & Tsuda 2003, Tsuda 2006), Fiji (N'Yeurt, South & Keats 1996, South & Skelton 2003, Littler & Littler 2003), French Polynesia (Pari & N'Yeurt 1999, Pari & N'Yeurt 1999, Payri, N'Yeurt & Orempuller 2000, N'Yeurt & Payri 2010, Andreakis et al. 2016), Guam (Lobban & Tsuda 2003), Hawaiian Islands (Magruder & Hunt 1979, Abbott 1999, Ní Chualáin & al. 2004, McDermid & al. 2005, Beach & al. 2006, Skelton & South 2007, Huisman, Abbott & Smith 2007, Sherwood 2008, Vroom & Timmers 2009), Mariana Islands (Tsuda 2003), Marshall Islands (Dawson 1957, Skelton & South 2007), New Caledonia (Payri 2007, Andreakis et al. 2016), Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (Tsuda 2014), Samoa (Skelton & South 2007), Wake Atoll (Ysuda & al. 2010).

(as Asparagopsis sanfordiana Harvey)
North America: Gulf of California (Dawson 1944).

Central America: Islas Revillagigedo (Setchell & Gardner 1930, Taylor 1945).

South America: Ecuador (Taylor 1945).

Asia: Japan (Okamura 1936), Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014, Shao 2003-2014).

(as Polysiphonia hilldenbrandii Bornet)
Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Falkenbergia hillebrandii (Bornet) Falkenberg)
Atlantic Islands: Bermuda (Taylor 1960), Canary Islands (Price, John & Lawson 1986), Cape Verde Islands (Price, John & Lawson 1986), Salvage Islands (Audiffred & Weisscher 1984, Price, John & Lawson 1986, Parente & al. 2000).

Europe: Spain (Miranda 1934, Miranda 1936).

North America: Florida (Taylor 1960), Isla Guadalupe (Setchell & Gardner 1930), Mexico (Dawson 1953, Taylor 1960).

Caribbean Islands: Bahamas (Taylor 1960), Barbados (Taylor 1960), Cayman Islands (Taylor 1960), Lesser Antilles (Taylor 1960, Taylor 1969), Martinique (Rodríguez-Prieto, Michanek & Ivon 1999), Virgin Islands (Taylor 1960).

South America: Brazil (Joly 1957, Taylor 1960, Joly 1965, Oliveira Filho 1977).

Africa: Ghana (Price, John & Lawson 1986), Liberia (Price, John & Lawson 1986), Nigeria (Price, John & Lawson 1986), Senegal (Price, John & Lawson 1986).

Middle East: Oman (Wynne 2018), Turkey (Zeybek, Güner & Aysel 1993).

South-west Asia: Bangladesh (Aziz & Rahman 2010), Lebanon (Lakkis 2013).

South-east Asia: Vietnam (Abbott, Fisher & McDermid 2002, Nguyen et al. 2013).

Asia: China (Hainan Island) (Titlyanova, Titlyanov & Kalita 2014, Titlyanov & al. 2015), Japan (Titlyanov et al 2006, Titlyanov & al. 2019), South China Sea (Phang & al. 2016), Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

Pacific Islands: Marshall Islands (Dawson 1957).

Key references
Andreakis, N., Costello, P., Zanolla, M., Saunders, G.W. & Mata, L. (2016). Endemic or introduced? Phylogeography of Asparagopsis (Florideophyceae) in Australia reveals multiple introductions and a new mitochondrial lineage (Note). Journal of Phycology 52(1): 141-147.

Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Dawes, C.J. & Mathieson, A.C. (2008). The seaweeds of Florida. pp. [i]- viii, [1]-591, [592], pls I-LI. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida.

Dijoux, L., Viard, F., & Payri, C. (2014). The more we search, the more we find: discovery of a new lineage and a new species complex in the genus Asparagopsis. PLoS ONE 9(7): 1-13.

Hayee-Memon, A. & Shameel, M. (1996). A taxonomic study of some red algae commonly growing on the coast of Karachi. Pakistan Journal of Marine Sciences 5(2): 113-137.

Huisman, J.M. (2019). Marine plants of Australia Revised edition. pp. [i]-xviii, [1]-435, numerous col. figs. Crawley Western Australia: UWA Publishing.

Huisman, J.M., Abbott, I.A., Smith, C.M. (2007). Hawaiian reef plants. pp. [1]-264, numerous colour photographs. Honolulu: A publication of the University of Hawai'i Sea Grant College Program.

N'Yeurt, A.D.R. & Payri, C.E. (2010). Marine algal flora of French Polynesia III. Rhodophyta, with additions to the Phaeophyceae and Chlorophyta. Cryptogamie Algologie 31: 3-205.

Ní Chualáin, F., Maggs, C.A., Saunders, G.W. & Guiry, M.D. (2004). The invasive genus Asparagopsis (Bonnemaisoniaceae, Rhodophyta): molecular systematics, morphology, and ecophysiology of Falkenbergia isolates. Journal of Phycology 40: 1112-1126.

Rodríguez-Prieto, C., Ballesteros, E., Boisset, F. & Afonso-Carrillo, J. (2013). Guía de las macroalgas y fanerógamas marinas del Mediterráneo occidental. pp. [1]-656. Barcelona: Ediciones Omega, S.A..

Skelton, P.A. & South, G.R. (2007). The benthic marine algae of the Samoan Archipelago, South Pacific, with emphasis on the Apia District. Nova Hedwigia Beihefte 132: 1-350.

Suárez, A.M., Martínez-Daranas, B. & Alfonso, Y. (2015). Macroalgas marinas de Cuba. pp. [1]-264, 229 figs. La Habana [Havana]: UH [Universidad de La Habana] Editorial.

Titlyanov E.A., Titlyanova T.V. & Belous O.S. (2016). Useful marine plants of the Asia-Pacific Region countries. pp. 1-348, Many col. photo. Vladivostok: Dalnauka. [in Russian and English]

Titlyanov, E.A. & Titlyanov, T.V. (2012). Marine plants of the Asian Pacific Region countries, their use and cultivation. pp. [1]-376, many col. photographs. Vladivostok: Dalnauka & A.V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. [in Russian]

Verlaque, M., Ruitton, S., Mineur, F. & Boudouresque, C.-F. (2015). CIESM atlas of exotic species of the Mediterranean. Macrophytes. pp. [1]-362, many photographs and maps. Monaco: CIESM Publishers.

Womersley, H.B.S. (1996). The marine benthic flora of southern Australia - Part IIIB - Gracilariales, Rhodymeniales, Corallinales and Bonnemaisoniales. Vol. 5 pp. 1-392, 160 figs. Canberra & Adelaide: Australian Biological Resources Study & the State Herbarium of South Australia.

Zanolla, M., Altamirano, M., Carmona, R., De la Rosa, J., Souza-Egipsy, V., Sherwood, A., Tsiamis, K., Barbosa, A.M., Muñoz, A.R. & Andreakis, N. (2018). Assessing global range expansion in a cryptic species complex: insights from the red seaweed genus Asparagopsis (Florideophyceae). Journal of Phycology 54(1): 12-24.

Zanolla, M., Carmona, R., De La Rosa, J., Salvador, N., Sherwood, A.R., Andreakis, N. & Altamirano, M. (2014). Morphological differentiation of cryptic lineages within the invasive genus Asparagopsis (Bonnemaisoniales, Rhodophyta). Phycologia 53(3): 233-242.

Zemke-White, W.L. & Ohno, M. (1999). World seaweed utilisation: an end-of-century summary. Journal of Applied Phycology 11: 369-376.

Zeng, C. (Tseng, C.K.), Luan, R., Chen, Z. & Li, W. (2005). Flora algarum marinarum sinicarum Tomus II Rhodophyta No. II Acrochaetiales Nemaliales Bonnemaisoniales. pp. [i-vii], i-xxiii, 1-180 , pls I-VIII. Beijing: Science Press.

Created: 29 July 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 16 January 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 26483 times since it was created.

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References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Altamirano, M., Muñoz, A.R., de la Rosa, J. Barrajon-Minguez, A., Barrajon-Domenech, A., Moreno-Robledo, C., Arroyo, M.C. (2008). The invasive species Asparagopsis taxiformis (Bonnemaisoniales, Rhodophyta) on Andalusian coasts (southern Spain): reproductive stages, new records and invaded communities. Acta Botanica Malacitana 33: 5-15.
Andreakis, N., Procaccini, G. & Kooistra, W.H.C.F. (2004). Asparagopis taxiformis and Asparagopsis armata (Bonnemaisoniales, Rhodophyta): genetic and morphological identification of Mediterranean populations. European Journal of Phycology 39: 273-284.
Ballesteros, E. & Rodríguez-Prieto, C. (1996). Presencia d'Asparagopsis taxiformis (Delile) Trevisan a Balears (Presence of Asparagopsis taxiformis (Delile) Trevisan in the Balearic Islands). Boll. Soc. Hist. Nat. Balears 39: 135-138.
Barone, R. (2004). Asparagopsis taxiformis (Delile) Trevisan (Rhodophyta) E Trichodesmium erythraeum Ehrenberg (Cyanobacteria), due taxa algali tropicali identificati nelle acque costiere della Sicilia. Naturalista sicil., S. 4(28): 183-203.
Barone, R., Mannino, A.M. & Marino, M. (2004). Asparagopsis taxiformis (Bonnemaisoniales, Rhodophyta): first record of gametophytes on the Italian coast. Bocconea 16: 1021-1025.
Bhanderi, P.P. (1975). An estimate of the iodine yielding seaweed Asparagopsis taxiformis (Delile) Collins and Hervey ('Hervey') from some subtidal reefs of Saurashtra coast. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India 16: 288-289, 1 table.
Rojas, J.J., Lemus, A. & Ganesan, E.K. (1982). El ciclo vital "in vitro" del alga marina roja Asparagopsis taxiformis (Delile) Collins & Hervey (Bonnemaisoniales, Rhodophyta) del Mar Caribe. Bol. Inst. Oceanogr. (Cumaná) 21: 101-112.
Sherwood, A.R. (2008). Phylogeography of Asparagopsis taxiformis (Bonnemaisonales, Rhodophyta) in the Hawaiian Islands: two mtDNA markers support three separate introductions. Phycologia 47: 79-88.
Woolard, F.X., Moore, R.E. & Roller, P.P. (1979). Halogenated acetic and acrylic acids from the red alga Asparagopsis taxiformis. Phytochemistry 18: 617-620.
Zanolla Balbuena, M. (2014). Análisis del proceso invasor de Asparagopsis taxiformis (Delile) Trevisan de Saint-Leon (Bonnemaisoniales, Rhodophyta). Doctoral Thesis. : Universidad de Málaga.
Zanolla, M., Altamirano, M., de la Rosa, J., Niell, F.X. & Carmona, R. (2018). Size structure and dynamics of an invasive population of lineage 2 of Asparagopsis taxiformis (Florideophyceae) in the Alboran Sea. Phycological Research 66(1): 45-51.
Zanolla, M., Carmona, R. & Altamirano, M. (2017). Reproductive ecology of an invasive lineage 2 population of Asparagopsis taxiformis (Bonnemaisoniales, Rhodophyta) in the Alboran Sea (western Mediterranean Sea). Botanica Marina 60(6): 627-638.
Zanolla, M., Carmona, R., de la Rosa, J. & Altamirano, M. (2018). Structure and temporal dynamics of a seaweed assemblage dominated by the invasive lineage 2 of Asparagopsis taxiformis (Bonnemaisoniaceae, Rhodophyta) in the Alboran Sea. Mediterranean Marine Science 19, 1: 147-155.

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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 24 November 2020.

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