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Karenia umbella Salas, Bolch & Hallegraeff 2004

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Subkingdom Harosa (supergroup SAR)
Infrakingdom Halvaria
Phylum Miozoa
Subphylum Myzozoa
Infraphylum Dinozoa
Superclass Dinoflagellata
Class Dinophyceae
Order Gymnodiniales
Family Kareniaceae
Genus Karenia

 

Publication details
Karenia umbella Salas, Bolch & Hallegraeff 2004: 168, figs 2-13

Published in: Salas, M.F. de, Bolch, C.J.S. & Hallegraeff, G.M. (2004). Karenia umbella sp. nov. (Gymnodiniales, Dinophyceae), a new potentially ichthyotoxic dinoflagellate species from Tasmania, Australia. Phycologia 43: 166-175.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Karenia is Karenia brevis (C.C.Davis) Gert Hansen & Moestrup.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Karenia longicanalis Z.B.Yang, I.J.Hodgkiss & Gert Hansen

Type information
Holotype locality: Taranna, Tasmania, Australia (Salas, Bolch & Hallegraeff 2004: 168). Holotype: October 2001; (Salas, Bolch & Hallegraeff 2004: 168). Notes: Holotype: Figure 6, from strain KUTN05. Culture deposited in the University of Tasmania Harmful Algae Culture Collection.

Origin of species name
Noun (Latin), A sunshade, parasol, or umbrella..

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

Taxonomic notes
Culture in University of Tasmania Harmful Algae Culture Collection. - (19 May 2017) - M.D. Guiry

Usage notes
Harmful species (Lassus et al. 2017). - (19 May 2017) - M.D. Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Karenia umbella Salas, Bolch & Hallegraeff)
Europe: France (Anon. 2017).

Australia and New Zealand: Australia (McCarthy 2013), New Zealand (Chang & al. 2012, Rhodes & al. 2019), South Australia (Salas, Bolch & Hallegraeff 2004), Tasmania (Salas, Bolch & Hallegraeff 2004, Salas & al. 2005, Harlow et al 2007), Western Australia (Salas, Bolch & Hallegraeff 2004).

World: World (Gómez 2005, Gómez 2012).

Source of current name
Wang, J.Y., Cen, J.Y., Li, S., Lü, S.H., Moestrup, Ø., Chan, K.-K., Jaing, T. & Lei, X.D. (2018). A re-investigation of the bloom-forming unarmored dinoflagellate Karenia longicanalis (syn. Karenia umbella from Chinese coastal waters. Journal of Oceanology and Limnology 36(6): 2202-2215, 7 figs, 5 tables.

Key references
Gómez, F. (2005). A list of free-living dinoflagellate species in the world's oceans. Acta Botanica Croatica 64: 129-212.

Harlow, L.D., Koutoulis, A. & Hallegraeff, G.M. (2007). S-adenosylmethionine synthetase genes from eleven marine dinoflagellates. Phycologia 46: 46-53.

Lassus, P., Chomérat, N., Hess, P. & Nézan, E. (2017 '2016'). Toxic and harmful microalgae of the World Ocean. Micro-algues toxiques et nuisibles de l'Océan Mondial. IOC Manuals and guides, 68 (Bilingual English/French). pp. 1-523, 54 pls. Denmark: International Society for the Study of Harmful Algae/ Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO.

Luo, Z., Wang, L., Chan, L., Lu, S. & Gu, H. (2018). Karlodinium zhouanum, a new dinoflagellate species from China, and molecular phylogeny of Karenia digitata and Karenia longicanalis (Gymnodiniales, Dinophyceae) . Phycologia 57(4): 401-412, 24 figs.

Created: 15 June 2005 by Sandy Lawson

Verified by: 20 May 2019 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 455 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Salas, M.F. de, Bolch, C.J.S. & Hallegraeff, G.M. (2004). Karenia umbella sp. nov. (Gymnodiniales, Dinophyceae), a new potentially ichthyotoxic dinoflagellate species from Tasmania, Australia. Phycologia 43: 166-175.
Wang, J.Y., Cen, J.Y., Li, S., Lü, S.H., Moestrup, Ø., Chan, K.-K., Jaing, T. & Lei, X.D. (2018). A re-investigation of the bloom-forming unarmored dinoflagellate Karenia longicanalis (syn. Karenia umbella from Chinese coastal waters. Journal of Oceanology and Limnology 36(6): 2202-2215, 7 figs, 5 tables.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=70489

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 16 October 2021.

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