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Karenia papilionacea A.J.Haywood & K.A.Steidinger 2004

Publication details
Karenia papilionacea A.J.Haywood & K.A.Steidinger in A.J.Haywood & al. 2004: 167, figs 2, e-h, 3, a-f

Published in: Haywood, A.J., Steidinger, K.A., Truby, E.W., Bergquist, P.R., Bergquist, P.L., Adamson, J. & MacKenzie, L. (2004). Comparative morphology and molecular phylogenetic analysis of three new species of the genus Karenia (Dinophyceae) from New Zealand. Journal of Phycology 40: 165-179.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Karenia is Karenia brevis (C.C.Davis) Gert Hansen & Moestrup.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Type information
Type locality: Hawke's Bay, New Zealand (Haywood & al., 2004: 169). Holotype: Cawthron Institute (Haywood & al., 2004: 169, 166). Notes: Holotype: Fig. 2f (FMRI SEM-5148).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), like a butterfly.

No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

Usage notes
Harmful species (Lassus et al. 2017). - (19 May 2017) - M.D. Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Karenia papilionacea A.J.Haywood & K.A.Steidinger)
Atlantic Islands: Canary Islands (Afonso-Carrillo 2014).

Europe: France (Anon. 2017).

North America: Mexico (Atlantic) (Merino-Virgilio & al. 2013), Mexico (Pacific) (Torres-Ariño & al. 2019).

Asia: East China Sea (Luo & al. 2018), Japan (Benico et al. 2019).

Australia and New Zealand: Australia (McCarthy 2013), New Zealand (Botes, Sym & Pitcher 2003, Haywood & al., 2004, Haywood et al. 2007, Chang & al. 2012, Rhodes & al. 2019).

World: World (Gómez 2012).

Key references
Benico, G., Takahashi, K., Lum, W.M. & Iwataki, M. (2019). Morphological variation, ultrastructure, pigment composition and phylogeny of the star-shaped dinoflagellate Asterodinium gracile (Kareniaceae, Dinophyceae). Phycologia 58(4): 405-418.

Gómez, F. (2011). Diversity and distribution of the dinoflagellates Brachidinium, Asterodinium and Microceratium (Brachidiniales, Dinophyceae) in the open Mediterranean Sea. Acta Botanica Croatica 70: 209-214.

Gómez, F., Nagahama, Y., Takayama, H. & Furuya, K. (2005). Is Karenia a synonym of Asterodinium-Brachidinium? (Gymnodiniales, Dinophyceae). Acta Botanica Croatica 64: 263-274.

Lassus, P., Chomérat, N., Hess, P. & Nézan, E. (2017 '2016'). Toxic and harmful microalgae of the World Ocean. Micro-algues toxiques et nuisibles de l'Océan Mondial. IOC Manuals and guides, 68 (Bilingual English/French). pp. 1-523, 54 pls. Denmark: International Society for the Study of Harmful Algae/ Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO.

Luo, Z., Wang, L., Chan, L., Lu, S. & Gu, H. (2018). Karlodinium zhouanum, a new dinoflagellate species from China, and molecular phylogeny of Karenia digitata and Karenia longicanalis (Gymnodiniales, Dinophyceae) . Phycologia 57(4): 401-412, 24 figs.

Ryan, D.E. & Campbell, L. (2016). Identification and phylogeny of putative PEPC genes in three toxin-producing Karenia (Dinophyta) species. Journal of Phycology 52(4): 618-625.

Created: 06 August 2005 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 26 August 2019 by G.M. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 1187 times since it was created.

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Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=71684

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
G.M. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 25 September 2021.

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