163,959 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,784 images, 63,109 bibliographic items, 484,421 distributional records.

Karlodinium australe Salas, Bolch & Hallegraeff 2005

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Subkingdom Harosa (supergroup SAR)
Infrakingdom Halvaria
Phylum Miozoa
Subphylum Myzozoa
Infraphylum Dinozoa
Superclass Dinoflagellata
Class Dinophyceae
Order Gymnodiniales
Family Kareniaceae
Genus Karlodinium

 

Publication details
Karlodinium australe Salas, Bolch & Hallegraeff 2005: 644-646, figs 2-17

Published in: Salas, M.F. de , Bolch, C.J.S. & Hallegraeff, G.M. (2005). Karlodinium australe sp. nov. (Gymnodiniales, Dinophyceae), a new potentially ichthyotoxic unarmoured dinoflagellate from lagoonal habitats of south-eastern Australia. Phycologia 44: 640-650.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Karlodinium is Karlodinium micrum (B.Leadbeater & J.D.Dodge) J.Larsen.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Type information
Holotype locality: Grants Lagoon, Tasmania, Australia (Salas & al. 2005: 644). Notes: Holotype: Fig. 17 (p. 647), schematic representation of ventral and dorsal views of a cell from strain KDAGT03, from Grants Lagoon.

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), south, southern (Stearn 1973).

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

General environment
No habitat entry has yet been made for this entity.

Description
Small unarmoured cells, oval in outline, 19-26 microns long, and 16-22 microns wide. Epicone hemispherical and notched at the apex. Hypocone hemispherical. Sulcus shallow and wide, invading the epicone as a finger-like projection. Ventral pore and above and to the left of the sulcal extension. Cingulum displaced approximately 25% of the cell length. Apical groove short and straight, extending only briefly onto the dorsal side of the epicone. Nucleus large and anterior. Several chloroplasts distributed irregularly through the cell periphery, with individual pyramidal pyrenoids. Amphiesmal plug-like structures in hexagonal configuration not detected.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Luo, Z., Wang, L., Chan, L., Lu, S. & Gu, H. (2018). Karlodinium zhouanum, a new dinoflagellate species from China, and molecular phylogeny of Karenia digitata and Karenia longicanalis (Gymnodiniales, Dinophyceae) . Phycologia 57(4): 401-412, 24 figs.

Created: 08 February 2006 by G.M. Guiry

Verified by: 23 November 2020 by G.M. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 360 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)


Salas, M.F. de , Bolch, C.J.S. & Hallegraeff, G.M. (2005). Karlodinium australe sp. nov. (Gymnodiniales, Dinophyceae), a new potentially ichthyotoxic unarmoured dinoflagellate from lagoonal habitats of south-eastern Australia. Phycologia 44: 640-650.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=73898

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
G.M. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 27 October 2021.

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