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Halosiphon tomentosus (Lyngbye) Jaasund 1957

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Phylum Ochrophyta
Class Phaeophyceae
Order Stschapoviales
Family Halosiphonaceae
Genus Halosiphon

Pictures

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Halosiphon tomentosus (Lyngbye) Jaasund
Labrador, Canada; gametophyte with antheridia and oogonia, one with egg retained after release at tip of oogonium. Eric Henry. © Eric Henry (eric@reedmariculture.com).

Halosiphon tomentosus (Lyngbye) Jaasund
Halosiphon tomentosus Photo taken in the Hohwachter Bight, Baltic Sea, Germany Depth: 2m Time: 15th of April 2004 . 15 Apr 2004. Dirk Schories. © Dirk Schories (dirk.schories@gmx.de).

 

Halosiphon tomentosus (Lyngbye) Jaasund Halosiphon tomentosus Photo taken in the Hohwachter Bight, Baltic Sea, Germany Depth: 2m Time: 15th of April 2004
© Dirk Schories (dirk.schories@gmx.de)

Publication details
Halosiphon tomentosus (Lyngbye) Jaasund 1957: 212

Published in: Jaasund, E. (1957). Marine algae from northern Norway. II. Botaniska Notiser 110: 205-231.

Type species
This is the type species (lectotype) of the genus Halosiphon.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Chorda tomentosa Lyngbye

Type information
Type locality: ad rupes maritimas Norvegiae prope Öster-Riisöer; ante ostium sinus Oxefiord Norvegia (Index Nominum Algarum).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), tomentose, i.e., thickly and evenly covered with short more or less adpressed curled or curved matted hairs (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Chorda tomentosa Lyngbye 1819
Scytosiphon filum var. tomentosus (Lyngbye) C.Agardh 1820
Chorda filum var. tomentosa (Lyngbye) Areschoug 1847

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Chorda abbreviata Areschoug 1875
Chorda tomentosa f. subfulva Foslie 1890
Chorda tomentosa var. subfulva (Foslie) Lily Newton 1931
Chorda filum f. abbreviata (Areschoug) A.D.Zinova 1953
Halosiphon altae Jaasund 1957

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Halosiphon tomentosus (Lyngbye) Jaasund)
English: Furry Rope Weed (Bunker & al. 2010).

Swedish: Gullsudare (Tolstoy & Österlund 2003).

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Chorda tomentosa Lyngbye)
Arctic: Canada (Arctic) (Taylor 1957, Lee 1980), Svalbard (Spitsbergen) (Gulliksen & al. 1999).

Atlantic Islands: E. Greenland (Lund 1959), Iceland (Caram & Jónsson 1972).

Europe: Britain (Newton 1931), France (Feldmann & Magne 1964, Dizerbo & Herpe 2007), Ireland (Adams 1907, Adams 1908, Cotton 1912, Guiry 1978, Morton 1994), Norway (Rueness 1997, Brattegard & Holte 2001), Spitsbergen (Vinogradova 1995), Sweden (Kylin 1907, Kylin 1947).

North America: Connecticut (Schneider et al. 1979), Labrador (Taylor 1957), Maine (Mathieson & al. 2001), New Brunswick (Taylor 1957), New Hampshire (Mathieson & Hehre 1986), New York (Taylor 1957), Newfoundland (Taylor 1957), Rhode Island (Taylor 1957).

(as Chorda tomentosa var. subfulva (Foslie) Lily Newton)
Europe: Britain (Newton 1931).

(as Halosiphon tomentosus (Lyngbye) Jaasund)
Arctic: Barents Sea (Malavenda 2018), Svalbard (Spitsbergen) (Gulliksen & al. 1999, Gulliksen & al. 1999, Fredriksen & Kile 2012, Hop et al. 2012 , Fredriksen et al. 2014, Fredriksen & al. 2019), White Sea (Smirnova & Mikhailova 2013, Garbary & Tarakhovskaya 2013).

Atlantic Islands: E. Greenland (Pedersen 1976), Greenland (Pedersen 2011).

Europe: Atlantic France (Burel, Le Duff & Ar Gall 2019), Baltic Sea (Nielsen & al. 1995, Kontula & Fürhapter 2012), Britain (Hardy & Guiry 2003, Brodie & al. 2016, Bunker & al. 2017), Denmark (Nielsen & Lundsteen 2019), Faroe Islands (Irvine 1982, Nielsen & Gunnarsson 2001), France (Anon. 2017), Germany (Ludwig & Schnittler 1996), Helgoland (Bartsch & Kuhlenkamp 2000), Ireland (Guiry 2012, Bunker & al. 2017), Norway (Jaasund 1965), Scandinavia (Athanasiadis 1996, Karlason & al. 2018), Sweden (Tolstoy & Österlund 2003).

North America: Alaska (Kawai & Sasaki 2004), Baffin Island (Küpper et al. 2016), Manitoba (Saunders & McDevit 2013).

(as Halosiphon altae Jaasund)
Europe: Norway (Jaasund 1965), Scandinavia (Athanasiadis 1996).

Key references
Jaasund, E. (1965). Aspects of the marine algal vegetation of North Norway. Botanica Gothoburgensia. Acta Universitatis Gothoburgensis 4: 1-174.

Kawai, H. & Sasaki, H. (2004). Morphology, life history and molecular phylogeny of Stschapovia flagellaris (Tilopteridales, Phaeophyceae), and the erection of the Stschapoviaceae fam. nov. Journal of Phycology 40(6): 1156-1169, 9 figs, 3 tables.

Mathieson, A.C. & Dawes, C.J. (2017). Seaweeds of the Northwest Atlantic. pp. [i]-x, 1-798, CIX pls. Amherst & Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.

Nielsen, R. & Lundsteen, S. (2019). Danmarks havalger Bind 2 Brunalger (Phaeophyceae) og Grønalger (Chlorophyta). Scientia Danica. Series B, Biologica 8: [1]-476, col. figs and distributional maps.

Pedersen, P.M. (2011). Grønlands havalger. pp. [1] 7-208. Copenhagen: Forlaget Epsilon.DK.

Wilce, R.T. & Bradley, P.M. (2019). Platysiphon verticellatus and Arcticophycus glacialis: gen. et comb. nov. (Stschapoviales, Phaeophyceae) based on ecological considerations, life history, morphology, and ultrastructure. Algae. An International Journal of Algal Research 34(3): 199-216, 9 figs.

Created: 31 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 17 February 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 4115 times since it was created.

Verification of data
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References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Peters, A.F. (1998). Ribosomal DNA sequences support taxonomic separation of the two species of Chorda: reinstatement of Halosiphon tomentosus (Lyngbye) Jaasund (Phaeophyceae, Laminariales). European Journal of Phycology 33: 65-71, 5 figs, 4 tables.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 20 April 2021.

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