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Peridinium bipes F.Stein 1883

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Subkingdom Harosa (supergroup SAR)
Infrakingdom Halvaria
Phylum Miozoa
Subphylum Myzozoa
Infraphylum Dinozoa
Superclass Dinoflagellata
Class Dinophyceae
Order Peridiniales
Family Peridiniaceae
Genus Peridinium


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Peridinium bipes F.Stein
Yardley Chase, Northamptonshire, UK. BF image.. 29 Feb 2008. © C.F.Carter(chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk,com).


Scytosiphon lomentaria f. tortilis Yamada

Peridinium bipes F.Stein Yardley Chase, Northamptonshire, UK. BF image.
© C.F.Carter(chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk,com)

Publication details
Peridinium bipes F.Stein 1883: pl. XI [11]: figs 7, 8

Published in: Stein, F. von (1883). Der Organismus der Infusionsthiere nach eigenen forschungen in systematischere Reihenfolge bearbeitet. III. Abtheilung. II. Hälfte die Naturgeschichte der Arthrodelen Flagellaten. pp. 1-30, pls I-XXV. Leipzig: Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Peridinium is Peridinium cinctum (O.F.Müller) Ehrenberg.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Type information
Type locality: aus den Teichen von Chodau (Index Nominum Algarum).see above.

Infrageneric classification
Subgenus Poroperidinium (Lemmermann) M.Lefèvre

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Peridinium tabulatum Ehrenberg 1832
Glenodinium tabulatum (Ehrenberg) Ehrenberg 1837
Peridinium bipes var. exisum Lemmermann 1900
Peridinium bipes var. excisum Lemmermann 1900
Peridinium bipes var. ocultatum Lindemann 1918
Peridinium bipes f. tabulatum (Ehrenberg) M.Lefèvre 1932
Peridinium bipes f. excisum (Lemmermann) M.Lefèvre 1932

Nomenclatural notes
Seemingly originally first introduced without a description, but validated by analytical figures (Melbourne Code; see ICN Art. 38.7 "For the purpose of Art. 38.5, prior to 1 January 1908, an illustration with analysis (see Art. 38.9 and 38.10) is acceptable in place of a written description or diagnosis."). Moestrup & Calado (2018: 272) note, "... the synonymy between P. tabulatum and P. bipes has been noted by Lefèvre (1932, p. 114-116), who, however, retained the latter name. We have confirmed Lefèvre's conclusions in Ehrenberg's collection of mica preparations kept at the Museum für Naturkunde in Berlin (Lazarus & Jahn 1998). The consistent and well-defined use of the name P. bipes contrasts with the erratic use of the name P. tabulatum, which was applied to almost any freshwater peridinioid with visible plates until its redefinition by Stein (1883). We are retaining the use of P. bipes pending its conservation against P. tabulatum, to be proposed elsewhere." - (22 Aug 2018) - M.D. Guiry

General environment
This is a freshwater species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Carty, S. (2014). Freshwater dinoflagellates of North America. pp. [i]-viii, [2], [1]-260, 153 figs. Ithaca & London: Comstock Publishing Associates. A division of Cornell University Press.

Dodge, J.D. (1985). Atlas of dinoflagellates. A scanning electron microscope survey. pp. [i]-vii, [1]-119. Farrand Press.

Hirose, H., Yamagishi, T. & Akiyama, M. (1977). Illustrations of the Japanese fresh-water algae. pp. [8 col. pls], [1]-933, 244 pls in text. Tokyo: Uchida Rokakuho Publishing Co., Ltd. [in Japanese]

Hu, H. & Wei, Y. (2006). The freshwater algae of China. Systematics, taxonomy and ecology. pp. [4 pls of 16 figs], [i-iv], i-xv, 1-1023. China: www.sciencep.com.

Ki, J.-S., Park, M.-H. & Han, M.-S. (2011). Discriminative power of nuclear rDNA sequences for the DNA taxonomy of the dinoflagellate genus Peridinium (Dinophyceae). Journal of Phycology 47(2): 426-435.

Krakhmalny, A.F. [Krachmalny, A.F.] (2011). Dinophyta of Ukraine (illustrated book for identification). pp. [1]-442, 32 figs, 117 pls. Kiev: Alterpres. [in Russian]

Leaw, C.P., Lim, P.T., Ng, B.K., Cheah, M.Y., Ahmad, A. & Usup, G. (2005). Phylogenetic analysis of Alexandrium species and Pyrodinium bahamense (Dinophyceae) based on theca morphology and nuclear ribosomal gene sequence. Phycologia 44: 550-565.

Lindberg, K., Moestrup, Ø & Daugbjerg, N. (2005). Studies on woloszynskioid dinoflagellates I: Woloszynskia coronata re-examined using light and electron microscopy and partial LSU rDNA sequences, with description of Tovellia gen. nov. and Jadwigia gen. nov. (Tovelliaceae fam. nov.). Phycologia 44: 416-440.

Moestrup, Ø. & Calado, A.J. (2018). Süßwasserflora von Mitteleuropa. Freshwater Flora of Central Europe, Volume 6: Dinophyceae. pp. [i]-xii, [1]-560, 421 figs. Berlin: Springer Spektrum.

Popovsky, J. & Pfiester, L.A. (1990). Süßwasserflora von Mitteleuropa. Vol. 6. Dinophyceae (Dinoflagellida). pp. 1-272. Jena & Stuttgart: Gustav Fischer.

Schiller, J. (1935). Dinoflagellatae (Peridineae). In: Dr. L. Rabenhosrst's Kryptogamen-Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz, 2. Aufl. X. Band, 3. Abt. 2 Teil. ( Eds), pp. 1-320. Leipzig: Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft M.B.H..

Skuja, H. (1934 '1933'). Beitrag zur Algenflora Lettlands. I. Acta Horti Botanici Universitatis Latviensis 7: 25-85, 119 figs.

Skuja, H. (1956). Taxonomische und biologische Studien über das Phytoplankton schwedischer Binnengewässer. Nova Acta Regiae Societatis Scientiarum Upsaliensis, Series IV 16(3): 1-404, + 63 pls.

Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 04 April 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 2911 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Boltovskoy, A. (1977). Estructura y estereoultraestructura tecal de dinoflagelados. III. Peridinium bipes Stein, forma apoda, n. f. Physis Secciones B 35: 147-155.
Ki, J.S., Cho, S.-Y. & Han, M.S. (2005). Analysis of small-subunit rDNA sequences obtained from Korean Peridinium bipes f. occultatum (Dinophyceae. Algae 20(1): 25-30, 2 figs, 2 tables. [in Korean]
Lee, J.J., Chang, S.H., Lee, J.H. & Lee, J.H. (2006). Morphology and ecology of Peridinium bipes var. occultatum Lindem. (Dinophyceae) forming freshwater red tides in Korean dam reservoirs. Algae 21(4): 433-443, 7 figs, 6 tables.
Park, H.-D. & Hayashi, H. (1993). Role of encystment and excystment of Peridinium bipes f. occulatum (Dinophyceae) in freshwater red tides in Lake Kizaki, Japan. Journal of Phycology 29(4): 435 -441, 11 figs, 1 table.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 18 June 2021.

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