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Gonyaulax tamarensis Lebour 1925

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Subkingdom Harosa (supergroup SAR)
Infrakingdom Halvaria
Phylum Miozoa
Subphylum Myzozoa
Infraphylum Dinozoa
Superclass Dinoflagellata
Class Dinophyceae
Order Gonyaulacales
Family Gonyaulacaceae
Genus Gonyaulax

Pictures

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Gonyaulax tamarensis Lebour
© Geogina McDermott (robin.raine@nuigalway.ie).

Gonyaulax tamarensis Lebour
Thecal plate structure of the epitheca. The epitheca has been flattened and broken apart at the joint between the first apical plate and the fourth apical and sixth precingular plates. One can see a pore along the join between the first and fourth apical . © Robin Raine (Robin.Raine@nuigalway.ie).

 

Alexandrium tamarense (Lebour) Balech Thecal plate structure of the epitheca. The epitheca has been flattened and broken apart at the joint between the first apical plate and the fourth apical and sixth precingular plates. One can see a pore along the join between the first and fourth apical
© Robin Raine (Robin.Raine@nuigalway.ie)

Publication details
Gonyaulax tamarensis Lebour 1925: 95, fig. 306, pl. XIV [14]: fig. 1

Published in: Lebour, M.V. (1925). The dinoflagellates of northern seas. pp. [i]-vii, [1]-250. Plymouth: Published by the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Gonyaulax is Gonyaulax spinifera (Claparède & Lachmann) Diesing.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Alexandrium tamarense (Lebour) Balech

Type information
Type locality: English Channel: River Tamar Estuary, near Plymouth, United Kingdom (Faust & Gulledge 2002: 18). Notes: "LECTOTYPE: Plate XIV, figures 1a-1d (Lebour 1925) is designated here as the lectotype for Gonyaulax tamarensis M. Lebour (ICN Art 9.8).
EPITYPE: SEM stub of strain ATSW01-1 is designated here as epitype for A. tamarense (M. Lebour 1925) Balech 1985 emended U. John (Fig. 5). It is deposited at the Herbarium Senckenbergianum (FR) in the Centre of Excellence for Dinophyte Taxonomy (identification number CEDiT2013E27)." (John et al. 2014: 792).

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Source of current name
Steidinger, K.A. & Tangen, K. (1996). Dinoflagellates. In: Identifying Marine Phytoplankton. (Tomas, C.R. Eds), pp. 387-584. San Diego: Academic Press.

Key references
Bérard-Therriault, L., Poulin, M. & Bossé, L. (1999). Guide d'identification du phytoplancton marin de l'estuaire et du Golfe du Saint-Laurent incluant également certains protozoaires. Publication Spéciale Canadienne des Sciences Halieutiques et Aquatiques 128: 1-387.

Faust, M.A. & Gulledge, R.A. (2002). Identifying harmful marine dinoflagellates. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 42: 1-144.

Gómez, F. (2008). Phytoplankton invasions: comments on the validity of categorizing the non-indigenous dinoflagellates and diatoms in European Seas. Marine Pollution Bulletin 56: 620-628.

McMinn, A. & Scott, F.J. (2005). Dinoflagellates. In: Antarctic marine protists. (Scott, F.J. & Marchant, H.J. Eds), pp. 202-250. Canberra & Hobart: Australian Biological Resources Study; Australian Antarctic Division.

Parke, M. & Dixon, P.S. (1976). Check-list of British marine algae - third revision. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 56: 527-594.

Schiller, J. (1935). Dinoflagellatae (Peridineae). In: Dr. L. Rabenhosrst's Kryptogamen-Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz, 2. Aufl. X. Band, 3. Abt. 2 Teil. ( Eds), pp. 1-320. Leipzig: Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft M.B.H..

Created: 26 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 20 August 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 2087 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Alam, M.I., Hsu, C.P. & Shimizu, Y. (1979). Comparison of toxins in three isolates of Gonyaulax tamarensis (Dinophyceae). Journal of Phycology 15: 106-110, 3 figs, 1 table.
Anderson, D.M. & Cheng, T.P-O. (1988). Intracellular localization of saxitoxins in the dinoflagellate Gonyaulax tamarensis. Journal of Phycology 24: 17-22, 3 figs.
Anderson, D.M. & Wall, D. (1978). Potential importance of benthic cysts of Gonyaulax tamarensis and G. excavata in initiating toxic dinoflagellate blooms. Journal of Phycology 14: 224-234.
Anderson, D.M. (1980). Effects of temperature conditioning on development and germination of Gonyaulax tamarensis (Dinophyceae) hypnozygotes. Journal of Phycology 16: 166-172.
Anderson, D.M., Kulis, D.M. & Binder, B.J. (1984). Sexuality and cyst formation in the Dinoflagellate Gonyaulax tamarensis: Cyst yield in batch cultures. Journal of Phycology 20: 418-425.
Braarud, T. (1945). Morphological observations on marine dinoflagellate cultures (Porella perforata, Gonyaulax tamarensis, Protoceratium reticulatum). Avhandlinger Norske videnskaps-akademi, matematisk-naturvidenskapelig klasse 1945(11): 1-18.
Dodge, J. D. (1964). Nuclear division in the dinoflagellate Gonyaulax tamarensis. Journal of General Microbiology 36: 269-276.
Dodge, J.D. (1963). Nuclear division in Gonyaulax tamarensis (Dinophyceae) and the problem of the central body. British Phycological Bulletin 2: 282-283.
Fritz, L., Anderson, D.M. & Triemer, R.E. (1989). Ultrastructure aspects of sexual reproduction in the red tide dinoflagellate Gonyaulax tamarensis. Journal of Phycology 25: 95-107.
Hurst, J.W., Dale, B. & Yentsch, C.M. (1978). Coexistence of toxic and nontoxic dinoflagellates resembling Gonyaulax tamarensis in New England coastal waters (NW Atlantic). Journal of Phycology 14: 330-332.
Maranda, L., Anderson, D.M. & Shimuzu, Y. (1985). Comparison of toxicity between populations of Gonyaulax tamarensis of eastern North American waters. Est. Coast. Shelf Sci. 21: 401-410.
Prakash, A. (1967). Growth and toxicity of a marine dinoflagellate, Gonyaulax tamarensis. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada 24: 1589-1606.
Taylor, F.J.R. (1975). Taxonomics difficulties in red tide and paralytic shellfish poison studies: the "tamarensis complex" of Gonyaulax. Environm. Lett. 9(2): 103-119, 10 fig., 1 table.
Turpin, D.H., Dobell, P.E.R. & Taylor, F.J.R. (1978). Sexuality and cyst formation in Pacific strains of the toxic dinoflagellate Gonyaulax tamarensis. Journal of Phycology 14: 235-238.
Yentsch, C.M., Dale, B. & Hurst, J.W. (1978). Coexistence of toxic and nontoxic dinoflagellates resembling Gonyaulax tamarensis in New England coastal waters (NW Atlantic). Journal of Phycology 14: 330-32, 1 fig, 1 table.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 05 March 2021.

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