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Compsopogon caeruleus (Balbis ex C.Agardh) Montagne 1846

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Proteorhodophytina
Class Compsopogonophyceae
Order Compsopogonales
Family Compsopogonaceae
Genus Compsopogon

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Compsopogon caeruleus (Balbis ex C.Agardh) Montagne
microscope from a freshwater aquarium, Galicia, Spain, 2002. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Compsopogon caeruleus (Balbis ex C.Agardh) Montagne
microscope from a freshwater aquarium, Galicia, Spain, 2002. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Compsopogon caeruleus (Balbis ex C.Agardh) Montagne
microscope from a freshwater aquarium, Galicia, Spain, 2002. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Compsopogon caeruleus (Balbis ex C.Agardh) Montagne
microscope from a freshwater aquarium, Galicia, Spain, 2002. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Compsopogon caeruleus (Balbis ex C.Agardh) Montagne
microscope from a freshwater aquarium, Galicia, Spain, 2002. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Compsopogon caeruleus (Balbis ex C.Agardh) Montagne
microscope from a freshwater aquarium, Galicia, Spain, 2002. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Compsopogon caeruleus (Balbis ex C.Agardh) Montagne
microscope from a freshwater aquarium, Galicia, Spain, 2002. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Compsopogon caeruleus (Balbis ex C.Agardh) Montagne

 

Gigartina plicata var. hippuroides (Lyngbye) Oersted

Compsopogon caeruleus (Balbis ex C.Agardh) Montagne microscope from a freshwater aquarium, Galicia, Spain, 2002
© Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es)

Publication details
Compsopogon caeruleus (Balbis ex C.Agardh) Montagne 1846: 154 (as 'caerulaeus' )

Published in: Montagne, [J.F.]C. (1846). Flore d'Algérie. Ordo I. Phyceae Fries. In: Exploration scientifique de l'Algérie pendant les années 1840, 1841, 1842...Sciences physiques. Botanique. Cryptogamie. (Durieu De Maisonneuve, M.C. Eds) Vol. 1, pp. 1-197. Paris: Imprimerie Royale, publiée par ordre du Gouvernement et avec le concours d'une Commission Académique.
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Type species
This is the type species (lectotype) of the genus Compsopogon.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Conferva caerulea Balbis ex C.Agardh

Type information
'In mari Antillarum' (: 122).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), blue, especially the deep blue of the Mediterranean sky at midday (Stearn 1985).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Conferva caerulea Balbis ex C.Agardh 1824

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Compsopogon hookeri Montagne 1846
Enteromorpha livida W.J.Hooker 1846
Pericystis aeruginosus J.Agardh 1847
Compsopogon chalybeus Kützing 1849
Compsopogon aeruginosus (J.Agardh) Kützing 1849
Compsopogon leptoclados Montagne 1850
Compsopogon lividus De Toni 1897
Compsopogon oishii Okamura 1915
Compsopogon minutus C.C.Jao 1941
Compsopogon iyengarii Krishnamurthy 1958
Compsopogonopsis leptoclados (Montagne) V.K.Krishnamurthy 1962
Compsopogon indicus Das 1963
Compsopogonopsis japonica Chihara 1976
Compsopogon lusitanicum M.P.Reis 1977
Compsopogon aeruginosus var. catenatum Yadava & Pandey 1980
Compsopogon corticrassus Chihara & Nakamura 1980
Compsopogon aegyptiacus A.A.Aleem 1981
Compsopogon prolificus Yadava & Kumano 1985
Compsopogon tenellus Y.J.Ling & S.L.Xie 1998

Nomenclatural notes
The specific epithet is often spelled "coeruleus" but C. Agardh (1824: 122) used "Conferva caerulea". The epithet refers to a particular blue colour. Cerulean blue is a cerulean (light blue or azure) pigment used in artistic painting, also derived from the same Latin word. Montagne (1846) used the spelling "caerulaeus". - (14 Jun 2006) - Wendy Guiry

Yoon et al. cite this as C. coeruleus. - (28 Sep 2006) - Wendy Guiry

Taxonomic notes
Necchi et al. (2013) conclude there is only a single monospecific genus worldwide and that species is correctly called C. caeruleus, since this is the oldest validly published name; all other previously described species of Compsopogon and Compsopogonopsis are synonyms. - (27 Aug 2013) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine/freshwater species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Carlile, A.L. & Sherwood, A. (2013). Phylogenetic affinities and distribution of the Hawaiian freshwater red algae (Rhodophyta). Phycologia 52(3): 309-319.

Eloranta, P., Kwandrans, J. & Kusel-Fetzmann, E. (2011). Rhodophyceae and Phaeophyceae. In: Süßwasserflora von Mitteleuropa Band 7. Freshwater flora of Central Europe. Volume 7. (Schagerl, M. Eds), pp. [i]-x, [1]-155. Heidelberg: Spectrum Akademischer Verlag.

Ghoshrov, S. & Robertson, D.L. (2012). Molecular evolution of glutamine synthetase II and III in the chromalveolates. Journal of Phycology 48(3): 768-783.

Hu, H. & Wei, Y. (2006). The freshwater algae of China. Systematics, taxonomy and ecology. pp. [4 pls of 16 figs], [i-iv], i-xv, 1-1023. China: www.sciencep.com.

Krishnamurthy, V., Balakrishnan, M.S. & Desikachary, T.V. (1990). Bangiophycidae. In: Rhodophyta. II. Taxonomy part. Part IIA. (Desikachary, T.V., Krishnamurthy, V. & Balakrishnan, M.S. Eds), pp. 1-46. Madras, India: Madras Science Foundation.

Kumano, S. (2002). Freshwater red algae of the world. pp. [i-ii], i-xiv, 1-375 [p. 375 is an Addendum], pls 1-199. Bristol: Biopress Limited.

Nan, F., Lv, J.F.J., Liu, Q. & Xie, S. (2016). Evolutionary history of the monospecific Compsopogon genus (Compsopogonales, Rhodophyta). Algae. An International Journal of Algal Research 31(4): 303-315.

Necchi, O., Jr., Fo, A.S.G., Salomaki, E.D., West, J.A. Aboal, M. & Vis, M.L. (2013). Global sampling reveals low genetic diversity within Compsopogon (Compsopogonales, Rhodophyta). European Journal of Phycology 48(2): 152-162.

Sheath, R.G. & Sherwood, A.R. (2002). Phylum Rhodophyta (Red Algae). In: The freshwater algal flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 123-143. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Sheath, R.G. & Sherwood, A.R. (2011). Rhodophyta (Red Algae). In: The freshwater algal flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. Second edition. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 159-180. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Suárez, A.M., Martínez-Daranas, B. & Alfonso, Y. (2015). Macroalgas marinas de Cuba. pp. [1]-264, 229 figs. La Habana [Havana]: UH [Universidad de La Habana] Editorial.

Täuscher, L.. (2011). Compsopogon Montagne in Bory et Durieaux 1846. pp. [2]. Germany: Unpublished report.

Wynne, M.J. (2005). A check-list of benthic marine algae of the tropical and subtropical western Atlantic: second revision. Beihefte zur Nova Hedwigia 129: 1-152.

Yoon, H.S., Muller, K.M., Sheath, R.G., Ott, F.D. & Bhattacharya, D. (2006). Defining the major lineages of red algae (Rhodophyta). Journal of Phycology 42: 482-492.

Created: 27 July 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 28 May 2021 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 8655 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Meichtry de Zaburlín, N.R., Guzmán, L.B., Escalada, M.C., Llano, V.M., Vogler, R.E. (2019). First record of the red alga Compsopogon caeruleus (Balbis ex C. Agardh) Montagne 1846 in the High Paraná River, Argentina-Paraguay. BioInvasions Records 8(4): 753-763, 3 figs.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 14 June 2021.

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