Corallina officinalis Linnaeus 1758

Corallina officinalis Linnaeus

Corallina officinalis LinnaeusSpanish Point, Co. Clare, Ireland; lower intertidal pools; with conceptacles - 04 August 2004. Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie)

Publication Details
Corallina officinalis Linnaeus 1758: 805

Published in: Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Editio decima revisa. Vol. 1 pp. [i-iv], [1]-823. Holmiae [Stockholm]: impensis direct. Laurentii Salvii.

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Original description:  

Type Species
This is the type species (lectotype) of the genus Corallina.

Status of Name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Type Information
Type locality: "Hab. O. Eur." [European Seas]; (Linnaeus 1758: 805) Lectotype: LINN; 1293.9 (Womersley & Johansen 1996: 291) Notes: Lectotype selected by Schmitz (1889: 455). Linnaeus writes: "C. trichotoma, articulis cylindricis: teminale ovata. Ellis 48 n. 2. t. 24. f. A. Hab. O. Eur." An epitype was designated by Brodie et al. (2013, BM001062598, fig. 1): England: Devon, Sidmouth, 28 April 2007, leg. Juliet Brodie, JB39. In pool, lower shore, slightly silty, N50:40:30 W3:14:42. Genbank accession numbers: FM180073 [cox1], and JX315329 [rbcL] (Walker et al., 2009).

Origin of Species Name
Adjective (Latin), used in medicine [in the past] (Stearn 1973).

General Environment
This is a marine species.

Description
Whitish-pink to lilac, calcified, articulated fronds, 60-70 (-120) mm high, axis cylindrical to compressed, repeatedly pinnate from and expanded discoid base, branchng often irregular. Growth form very variable, often stunted. In unfavourable habitats erect system vestigial, but extensive base may be present. Revised description (Brodie et al., 2013: 51, 52).

Habitat
On rock, midtidal pools and drainage runnels, lower intertidal and shallow subtidal, widespread and abundant, especially on exposed coasts.

Similar Species
Haliptilon squamatum (Linnaeus) Johansen, L. Irvine et Webster, a species rarely found in lower-shore rock pools, has shield-shaped articulations but is difficult to distinguish from Corallina officinalis. Corallina elongata is smaller and more regularly branched.

Created: 31 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry.

Last updated: 11 June 2022

Verification of Data
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Linking to this page: https://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=107

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 11 June 2022. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. https://www.algaebase.org; searched on 28 September 2022

 
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