163,909 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,783 images, 63,101 bibliographic items, 484,276 distributional records.

Caulerpa prolifera (Forsskål) J.V.Lamouroux 1809

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Chlorophyta infrakingdom
Phylum Chlorophyta
Subphylum Chlorophytina
Class Ulvophyceae
Order Bryopsidales
Family Caulerpaceae
Genus Caulerpa


click on thumbnail for larger version.

Caulerpa prolifera (Forsskål) J.V.Lamouroux
Porto Santo, Madeira. 17 Jan 2019. Pedro Neves. © Pedro Neves (nevesdiver@gmail.com).

Caulerpa prolifera (Forsskål) J.V.Lamouroux
en su hábitat natural, Cuba. Foto: José Espinosa..

Caulerpa prolifera (Forsskål) J.V.Lamouroux
Mar Menor, Murcia, Spain. 19 Jul 2014. Isabel Rubio Perez. © marmenormarmayor.es.

Caulerpa prolifera (Forsskål) J.V.Lamouroux
Mar Menor, Murcia, Spain. 15 Aug 2014. Isabel Rubio Perez. © marmenormarmayor.es.

Caulerpa prolifera (Forsskål) J.V.Lamouroux
Madeira. Peter Wirtz. © Peter Wirtz (peterwirtz2004@yahoo.com ).

Caulerpa prolifera (Forsskål) J.V.Lamouroux
Otranto, Italy. Gianni Felicini. © Gianni Felicini (gfelih@alice.it).

Caulerpa prolifera (Forsskål) J.V.Lamouroux
Otranto, Italy. Gianni Felicini. © Gianni Felicini (gfelih@alice.it).

Caulerpa prolifera (Forsskål) J.V.Lamouroux
Haifa Bay, Israel. 15 Dec 2007. Razy Hoffman. © Razy Hoffman (razyho@hotmail.com).


Neosiphonia harlandii (Harvey) M.S.Kim & I.K.Lee

Caulerpa prolifera (Forsskål) J.V.Lamouroux Mar Menor, Murcia, Spain
© marmenormarmayor.es

Publication details
Caulerpa prolifera (Forsskål) J.V.Lamouroux 1809: 332

Published in: Lamouroux, J.V.F. (1809). Observations sur la physiologie des algues marines, et description de cinq nouveaux genres de cette famille. Nouveau Bulletin des Sciences, par la Société Philomathique de Paris 1: 330-333, fig. 2, pl. 6.
 Download PDF

Publication date: May 2009

Type species
This is the type species (lectotype) of the genus Caulerpa.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Fucus prolifer Forsskål

Type information
Type locality: Alexandria, Egypt (Silva & al. 1996: 831). Lectotype: C Herbarium Forsskålii nº 878, barcode C-A-93369 (Boisset & Ferrer-Gallego 2015: 150). Notes: Isolectotype: BM001045568. Lectotype is shown as fig. 1 in Boisset & Ferrer-Gallego (2015: 150).

Infrageneric classification
Subgenus Caulerpa Section Caulerpa

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), producing offsets, bearing progeny as offshoots (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus prolifer Forsskål 1775

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Caulerpa ocellata Lamouroux 1809
Caulerpa ollivieri Dostál 1929

Nomenclatural notes
Subgenus Caulerpa lectotypified by Eubank Egerod, 1952 (Draisma et al., 2014). - (9 Mar 2020) - Wendy Guiry

Usage notes
Commonly used in aquaria, to which it is well adapted.

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Cormaci, M., Furnari, G., & Alongi, G. (2014). Flora marina bentonica del Mediterraneo: Chlorophyta. Bollettino dell'Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali di Catania 47: 11-436.

Dawes, C.J. & Mathieson, A.C. (2008). The seaweeds of Florida. pp. [i]- viii, [1]-591, [592], pls I-LI. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida.

Draisma, S.G.A., van Reine, W.F.P., Sauvage, T., Belton, G.S., Gurgel, C.F.D., Lim, P.E. & Phang, S.M. (2014). A re-assessment of the infra-generic classification of the genus Caulerpa (Caulerpaceae, Chlorophyta) inferred from a time-calibrated molecular phylogeny. Journal of Phycology 50(6): 1020-1034.

Egerod, L.E. (1952). An analysis of the siphonous Chlorophycophyta with special reference to the Siphonocladales, Siphonales and Dasycladales of Hawaii. University of California Publications in Botany 25: (i)-iv + 325-453, 23 figs, Plates 29-42.

Famá, P., Wysor, B., Kooistra, W.H.C.F. & Zuccarello, G.C. (2002). Molecular phylogeny of the genus Caulerpa (Caulerpales, Chlorophyta) inferred from chloroplast tufA gene. Journal of Phycology 38: 1040-1050.

Funk, G. (1955). Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Meeresalgen von Neapel: Zugleich mikrophotographischer Atlas. Pubblicazioni della Stazione Zoologica di Napoli 25(Suppl.): i-x , 1-178, 36 figs.

Gonzalez Henriquez, N. & Santos Guerra, A. (1983). El genero Caulerpa Lamouroux en Las Islas Canarias. Botanica Macaronesica 11: 3-24.

Lam, D.W. & Zechman, F.W. (2006). Phylogenetic analyses of the Bryopsidales (Ulvophyceae, Chlorophyta) based on RUBISCO large subunit gene sequences. Journal of Phycology 42: 669-678.

Nizamuddin, M. (1991). The green marine algae of Libya. pp. 1-230. Bern: El-Faateh University, Department of Botany.

Rodríguez-Prieto, C., Ballesteros, E., Boisset, F. & Afonso-Carrillo, J. (2013). Guía de las macroalgas y fanerógamas marinas del Mediterráneo occidental. pp. [1]-656. Barcelona: Ediciones Omega, S.A..

Salavarría Palma, E.A. & Paul, S. (2020). A peep into the transcriptome studies of the industrially important brown algae with special focus on Macrocystis genus. Revista Peruana de Biología 27(1): 49-53.

Sfriso, A. (2011). Chlorophyta multicellulari e fanerogame acquatiche. Ambiente di transizione italiani e litorali adiacenti. pp. [1]-318, pls 1-94. Bologna: Arpa Emilia-Romagna.

Stam, W.T., Olsen, J.L., Zaleski, S.F., Murray, S.N., Brown, K.R. & Walters, L.J. (2006). A forensic and phylogenetic survey of Caulerpa species (Caulerpales, Chlorophyta) from the Florida coast, local aquarium shops, and e-commerce: establishing a proactive baseline for early detection. Journal of Phycology 42: 1113-1124.

Suárez, A.M., Martínez-Daranas, B. & Alfonso, Y. (2015). Macroalgas marinas de Cuba. pp. [1]-264, 229 figs. La Habana [Havana]: UH [Universidad de La Habana] Editorial.

Ukabi, S., Shemesh, E., Dubinsky, Z, Hershkovits, G. & Israel, A. (2014). Molecular authentication of Caulerpa (Chlorophyta) species along the eastern (Israeli) Mediterranean shores. Botanica Marina 57(1): 67-71.

Created: 12 April 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 09 March 2020 by G.M. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 19862 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Alexandre, A. & Santos, R. (2020). High nitrogen and phosphorus acquisition by belowground parts of Caulerpa prolifera (Chlorophyta) contribute to the species' rapid spread in Ria Formosa Lagoon , southern Portugal. Journal of Phycology 56(3): 608-617.
Boisset, F. & Ferrer-Gallego, P.P. (2015). Typification of the marine siphonous green alga Caulerpa prolifera (Bryopsidales, Chlorophyta). Phytotaxa 221(2): 148-156, 3 figs.
Boudouresque, Ch.-F., Rodríguez Prieto, C. & Arrighi, F. (1993). Place de Caulerpa prolifera (Chlorophyta) dans les preferences alimentaires de l'oursin Paracentrotus lividus. Trav. sci. Parc nat. rég. Rés. nat. Corse, Fr. 41: 41-51.
Box, A., Sureda, A., Tauler, P., Terrados, J., Marba, N., Pons, A. & Deudero, S. (2010). Seasonality of caulerpenyne content in native Caulerpa prolifera and invasive C. taxifolia and C. racemosa var. cylindraceae in western Mediterranean Sea. Botanica Marina 53(4): 367-375.
Cacabelos, E., Faria, J., Martins, G.M., Mir, C., Parente, M.I., Gabriel, D., Sánchez, R., Altamirano, M., Costa, A.C., Prud'homme van Reine, W. & Neto, A.I. (2019). First record of Caulerpa prolifera in tha Azores (NE Atlantic). Botanic Marina 62(2): 155-160.
Chen, J.C.W. & Jacobs, W.P. (1966). Quantitative study of development of the giant coenocyte, Caulerpa prolifera. American Journal of Botany 53: 413-423.
Dawes, C.J. & Barilotti, D.C. (1969). Cytoplasmic organization and rhythmic streaming in growing blades of Caulerpa prolifera. American Journal of Botany 56: 8-15.
Dawes, C.J. & Rhamstine, E.L. (1967). An ultrastructural study of the giant green algal coenocyte, Caulerpa prolifera. Journal of Phycology 3: 117-126.
Dawes, C.J. (1971). INdole-3-acetic acid in the green algal coenocyte Caulerpa prolifera (Chlorophyceae, Siphonales). Phycologia 10: 375-379.
Dawes, C.J. (1972). Indole-3-acetic acid in the green algal coenocyte Caulerpa prolifera (Chlorophyceae, Siphonales). Phycologia 10: 375-379, 3 tables.
Del Río, L., Vidal, J., Betancor, S. & Tuya, F. (2016). Differences in herbivory intensity between the seagrass Cymodocea nodosa and the green alga Caulerpa prolifera inhabiting the same habitat. Aquatic Botany 128: 8-57.
Einav, R. (1998). Two observations of seaweeeds from the Israeli coast: Boodleopsis pusilla and Caulerpa prolifera (Forsskål) Lamouroux, (Chlorophyta, Caulerpales). Israel Journal of Plant Sciences 46: 81-82.
García-Sánchez, M., Korbee, N., Pérez-Ruzafa, I.M., Marcos, C., Domínguez, B., Figueroa, F.L. & Pérez-Ruzafa, A. (2012). Physiological response and photoacclimation capacity of Caulerpa prolifera (Forsskål) J.V.Lamouroux and Cymodocea nodosa (Ucria) Ascherson meadows in the Mar Menor lagoon (SE Spain). Mar. Environ Res. 79: 37-47.
Jacobs, W. P. (1958). Experiments on the growth and differentiation of the giant siphonaceous alga, Caulerpa prolifera. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 3: 12.
Jacobs, W.P. (1964). Rhizoid production and regeneration of Caulerpa prolifera. Pubblicazioni della Stazione Zoologica di Napoli 34: 185-196.
Leech, R.M. (1962). The isolation of chloroplasts from Caulerpa prolifera. British Phycological Bulletin 2: 184-185.
Meinesz, A. (1979). Contribution à l'étude de Caulerpa prolifera (Forskål) Lamouroux (Chlorophycée, Caulerpale). I - Morphogénèse et croissance dans une station des côtes continentales françaises de la Méditerranée. Botanica Marina 22: 27-39.
Meinesz, A. (1979). Contribution à l'étude de Caulerpa prolifera (Forskål) Lamouroux (Chlorophycée, Caulerpale). III - Biomasse et productivité primaire dans une station des côtes continentales françaises de la Méditerranée. Botanica Marina 22: 123-127.
Pérez-Ruzafa, A., Marcos, C., Bernal, C.M., Quintino, V., Freitas, R., Rodrigues, A.M., García-Sánchez, M. & Pérez-Ruzafa, I.M. (2012). Cymodocea nodosa vs. Caulerpa prolifera: Causes and consequences of a long term history of interaction in macrophyte meadows in the mar Menor coastal lagoon (Spain, Southwestern Mediterranean). Est. Coastal Shelf. Sci 110: 101-115.
Rueda, S.L. & Salas, C. (2003). Seasonal variation of a molluscan assemblage living in a Caulerpa prolifera meadow within the inner Bay of Cádiz (SW Spain). Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci. 57: 909-918.
Sabnis, D.D. (1969). Observations on the ultrastructure of the coenocytic marine alga Caulerpa prolifera, with particular reference to some unusual cytoplasmic components. Phycologia 7: 24-42, 11 figs.
Sanchiz, C., García-Carrascosa, A.M. & Pastor, A. (1999). Bioaccumulation of Hg, Cd, Pb and Zn in four marine phanerogams and the alga Caulerpa prolifera (Försskal) Lamouroux from the east coast of Spain. Botanica Marina 42: 157-164.
Schussnig, B. (1939). Ein Beitrag zur entwicklungsgeschichte von Caulerpa prolifera. Botaniska Notiser 1939: 75-96.
Terrados, J. & Ros, J.D. (1992). The influence of temperature on seasonal variation of Caulerpa prolifera (Forsskal) Lamouroux photosynthesis and respiration. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 162(2): 199-212.
Tuya Cortés, F., Betancor, S., Fabbri, F., Espino, F. & Haroun Tabraue, R.J. (2016). Photo-physiological performance and short-term acclimation of two coexisting macrophytes (Cymodocea nodosa and Caulerpa prolifera) with depth. Scientia Marina 80(2): 247-259.
Vergara, J.J., García-Sánchez, M.P., Olive, I., García-Marín, P., Brun, F.G., Pérez-Loréns, J.L. & Hernández, I. (2012). Seasonal functioning and dynamics of Caulerpa prolifera meadows in shallow areas: An integrated approach in Cádiz Bay Natural Park. Est. Coast. Shelf. Sci. 112: 255-264.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=355

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
G.M. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 23 October 2021.

SITE © 1996 - 2021 M.D. Guiry. All rights reserved.

Website Design : 249 Design Studio