163,329 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,769 images, 62,933 bibliographic items, 478,466 distributional records.

Micromonas pusilla (Butcher) Manton & Parke 1960

Publication details
Micromonas pusilla (Butcher) Manton & Parke 1960: 292, 298

Published in: Manton, I. & Parke, M. (1960). Further observations on a small green flagellate with special reference to possible relatives of Chromulina pusilla Butcher. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 39: 275-298, 59 figs.

Type species
This is the type species (holotype) of the genus Micromonas.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Chromulina pusilla Butcher

Type information
Syntype localities: "...obtained repeatedly in cultures from Conway, the Helford River, Cornwall, and the River Crouch, Essex [England]." (Butcher 1952: 183). Notes: Neotype: culture Plymouth no. 27, isolated 13.iv.1950 by M. Parke from sea surface at 50 15 N, 04 13 W.

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), very small (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Chromulina pusilla Butcher 1952

General environment
This is a marine species.

Description
Characters of the genus. Flagellum including hair point longer than 3 µm. Nuclear genomecomprising 19 or 20 chromosomes. In the nuclear-encodedSSU rRNA, base pair 10 of Helix 25 is A-U instead of U-A. In ITS2, base pair 13 of Helix 3 is U-A instead of C-G. Broadly distributed, mostly from coastal zones [emended "diagnosis" in Simon et al. (2017)].

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Chromulina pusilla Butcher)
Europe: Netherlands (Veen & al. 2015).

(as Micromonas pusilla (Butcher) Manton & Parke)
Europe: Baltic Sea (Hällfors 2004), Black Sea (BSPC Editorial Board 2014, Zotov 2018), France (Anon. 2017), France (Breizh) (Guilloux & al. 2013), Germany (Scholz & Liebezeit 2012 ), Netherlands (Veen & al. 2015), Portugal (Moita & Vilarinho 1999, Moita & Vilarinho 1999), Scandinavia (Karlason & al. 2018).

North America: Maine (Eissler et al. 2009), Rhode Island (Sieburth, Johnson & Hargraves 1988).

South America: Brazil (Bergesch & al. 2008, Menezes 2010).

Australia and New Zealand: New Zealand (Broady & al. 2012).

Key references
Bergesch, M., Odebrecht, C. & Moestrup, Ø. (2008). Nanoflagellates from coastal waters of southern Brazil (32ºS). Botanica Marina 51(1): 35-50.

Latasa, M., Scharek, R., Le Gall, F. & Guillou, L. (2004). Pigment suites and taxonomic groups in Prasinophyceae. Journal of Phycology 40(6): 1149-1155, 3 tables.

Simon, N., Foulon, E., Grulois, D., Six, C., Desdevises, Y., Latimier, M., Le Gall, F., Tragin, M., Houdan, A., Derelle, E., Jouenne, F., Marie, D., Le Panse, S., Vaulot, D. & Marin, B. (2017). Revision of the genus Micromonas Manton et Parke (Chlorophyta, Mamiellophyceae), of the type species M. pusilla (Butcher) Manton & Parke and of the species M. commoda van Baren, Bachy and Worden and description of two new species based on the genetic and phenotypic characterization of cultured isolates. Protist 168(5): 612-635.

Throndsen, J. (1996). The planktonic marine flagellates. In: Identifying marine phytoplankton. (Tomas, C.R. Eds), pp. 591-730. San Diego: Academic Press.

Created: 26 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 30 October 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 2661 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Brussaard, C.P.D., Thyrhaug, R., Marie, D. & Bratbak, G. (1999). Flow cytometric analyses of viral infection in two marine phytoplankton species, Micromonas pusilla (Prasinophyceae) and Phaeocystis pouchetii (Prymnesiophyceae). Journal of Phycology 35: 941-948, 5 figs.
Cochlan, W.P. & Harrison, P.J. (1991). Uptake of nitrate, ammonium and urea by nirogen-starved cultures of Micromonas pusilla (Prasinophyceae): transient responses. Journal of Phycology 27: 673-679, 3 figs, 2 tables.
Cottrell, M.T. & Suttle, C.A. (1993). Note: Production of axenic cultures of Micromonas pusilla (Prasinophyceae) using antibiotics. Journal of Phycology 29: 385 -387, 1 fig, 2 tables.
DuRand, M.D., Green, R.E., Sosik, H.M. & Olson, R.J. (2002). Diel variations in optical properties of Micromonas pusilla (Prasinophyceae). Journal of Phycology 38: 1132-1142.
Mayer, J.A. & Taylor, F.J.R. (1979). A virus which lyses the marine nanoflagellate Micromonas pusilla. Nature, London 281: 299-301.
Simon, N., Foulon, E., Grulois, D., Six, C., Desdevises, Y., Latimier, M., Le Gall, F., Tragin, M., Houdan, A., Derelle, E., Jouenne, F., Marie, D., Le Panse, S., Vaulot, D. & Marin, B. (2017). Revision of the genus Micromonas Manton et Parke (Chlorophyta, Mamiellophyceae), of the type species M. pusilla (Butcher) Manton & Parke and of the species M. commoda van Baren, Bachy and Worden and description of two new species based on the genetic and phenotypic characterization of cultured isolates. Protist 168(5): 612-635.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 18 September 2021.

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