157,538 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,210 images, 60,965 bibliographic items, 458,336 distributional records.

Turbinaria conoides (J.Agardh) Kützing

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Phylum Ochrophyta
Class Phaeophyceae
Subclass Fucophycidae
Order Fucales
Family Sargassaceae
Genus Turbinaria


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Turbinaria conoides (J.Agardh) Kützing
Holdfast. Palau Islands, West Pacific. Hideo Ohba. © Palau International Coral Reef Center.

Turbinaria conoides (J.Agardh) Kützing
Palau Islands, West Pacific. Hideo Ohba. © Palau International Coral Reef Center.

Turbinaria conoides (J.Agardh) Kützing
Palau Islands, West Pacific, 1 m deep. Hideki Yukihira. © Palau International Coral Reef Center.

Turbinaria conoides (J.Agardh) Kützing
Palau Islands, West Pacific, 1 m deep. Hideki Yukihira. © Palau International Coral Reef Center.

Turbinaria conoides (J.Agardh) Kützing
1. Upper portion of old plant with receptacles. 2. Habit. 3. On dead corals in upper subtidal (Con Dao Islands, Vietnam).. 09 Mar 2012. Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova. © Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova (etitlyanov@mail.ru).

Turbinaria conoides (J.Agardh) Kützing
Tanzania. 01 Jan 0001. Katrin Østerlund. © Katrin Østerlund.


Amphiroa cretacea (Postels & Ruprecht) Endlicher

Turbinaria conoides (J.Agardh) Kützing Holdfast. Palau Islands, West Pacific
© Palau International Coral Reef Center

Publication details
Turbinaria conoides (J.Agardh) Kützing 1860: 24, pl. 66: fig. IIe, f

Published in: Kützing, F.T. (1860). Tabulae phycologicae; oder, Abbildungen der Tange. Vol. X pp. i-iv, 1-39, 100 pls. Nordhausen: Gedruckt auf kosten des Verfassers.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Turbinaria is Turbinaria turbinata (Linnaeus) Kuntze.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Turbinaria vulgaris var. conoides J.Agardh

Type information
Syntype localities: "ad oras Hindostaniae"; China; Sri Lanka; Western Australia (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996: 710).

Infrageneric classification
Subgenus Incertae Sedis

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Turbinaria vulgaris var. conoides J.Agardh 1848

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Turbinaria conoides (J.Agardh) Kützing)
Malayan: Agar-agar lesong (Kirby 1953).

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Turbinaria vulgaris var. conoides J.Agardh)
South-east Asia: Philippines (Silva, Meñez & Moe 1987).

Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Turbinaria conoides (J.Agardh) Kützing)
Africa: Kenya (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Bolton, Oyieke & Gwanda 2007), Madagascar (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Mauritius (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Tanzania (incl. Zanzibar) (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Oliveira, Österlund & Mtolera 2005).

Indian Ocean Islands: Aldabra Islands (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Andaman Islands (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Laccadive Islands (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Réunion (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Seychelles (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996).

Middle East: Iran (Sohrabi pour, J. & Rabii, R., 1996, Kokabi & Yousefzadi 2015), Oman (Wynne 2018), Saudi Arabia (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996).

South-west Asia: Arabian Gulf (John & Al-Thani 2014), India (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Sahoo et al. 2001, Suryanarayanan et al. 2010, Rao & Gupta 2015), Sri Lanka (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996).

South-east Asia: Indonesia (Verheij & Prud'homme van Reine 1993, Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Atmadja & Prud'homme van Reine 2014), Malaysia (Stiger et al. 2004), Philippines (Silva, Meñez & Moe 1987, Liao, Belleza & Gerldino 2013, Ang, Sin Man Leung & Mei Mei Choi 2014), Singapore (Teo & Wee 1983, Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Pham et al. 2011), Thailand (Coppejans et al. 2011, Tsutsui et al. 2012), Vietnam (Pham-Hoàng 1969, Tsutsui et al. 2005, Dai 2007, Titlyanov et al. 2011, Titlyanov & Titlyanov 2012, Nguyen et al. 2013, Titlyanov, Titlyanova & Belous 2015).

Asia: China (Tseng 1984, Tseng & Lu 2000, Liu 2008), China (Hainan Island) (Titlyanova, Titlyanov & Kalita 2014, Titlyanov et al. 2016), Japan (Okamura 1936, Yoshida 1998, Yoshida, Suzuki & Yoshinaga 2015), South China Sea (Phang et al. 2016), Taiwan (Lewis & Norris 1987, Shao 2003-2014, Anon. 2012).

Australia and New Zealand: Papua New Guinea (Littler & Littler 2003), Queensland (Lewis 1985, Phillips 1997, Phillips 2002, Bostock & Holland 2010), Western Australia (Dixon & Huisman 2015).

Pacific Islands: Central Polynesia (Tsuda & Walsh 2013), Federated States of Micronesia (Lobban & Tsuda 2003, Lobban & Tsuda 2003), Fiji (N'Yeurt, South & Keats 1996, South & Skelton 2003), New Caledonia (Payri 2007), Republic of Palau (Ohba et al 2007), Samoan Archipelago (Skelton & South 1999), Solomon Islands (Womersley & Bailey 1970).

Key references
De Toni, G.B. (1895). Sylloge algarum omnium hucusque cognitarum. Vol. III. Fucoideae. Vol. 3 pp. [i]-xvi, [1]-638. Patavii [Padua]: Sumptibus auctoris.

Dixon, R.R.M. & Huisman, J.M. (2015). Fucales. In: Algae of Australia: marine benthic algae of north-western Australia. 1. Green and brown algae. (Huisman, J.M. Eds), pp. 245-275. Canberra & Melbourne: ABRS & CSIRO Publishing.

Le Lann K., Kervarec N., Payri C., Deslandes E. & Stiger Pouvreau V. (2008). Discrimination of allied species within the genus Turbinaria (Fucales, Phaeophyceae) using HRMAS NMR spectroscopy. Talanta 74: 1079-1083.

Stiger, V., Horiguchi, T., Yoshida, T., Coleman, A.W. & Masuda, M. (2003). Phylogenetic relationships within the genus Sargassum (Fucales, Phaeophyceae), inferred from it ITS nrDNA, with an emphasis on the taxonomic revision of the genus. Phycological Research 51(1): 1-10.

Titlyanov E.A., Titlyanova T.V. & Belous O.S. (2016). Useful marine plants of the Asia-Pacific Region countries. pp. 1-348, Many col. photo. Vladivostok: Dalnauka. [in Russian and English]

Titlyanov, E.A. & Titlyanov, T.V. (2012). Marine plants of the Asian Pacific Region countries, their use and cultivation. pp. [1]-376, many col. photographs. Vladivostok: Dalnauka & A.V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. [in Russian]

Yoshida, T. (1998). Marine algae of Japan. pp. [1-2], 1-25, 1-1222. Tokyo: Uchida Rokakuho Publishing Co., Ltd. [in Japanese]

Created: 30 March 1998 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 28 August 2016 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 6248 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Lann, K.L., Kraffe, E., Kervarec, N., Cerantola, S., Payri, C.E. & Stiger-Pouvreau, V. (2014). Isolation of turbinaric acid as a chemomarker of Turbinaria conoides (J.Agardh) Kutzing from South Pacific Islands. Journal of Phycology 50(6): 1048-1057.
Rohfritsch, A., Payri, C., Stiger, V. & Bonhomme, F. (2007). Molecular and morphological relationships between two closely related species, Turbinaria ornata and T. conoides (Sargassaceae, Phaeophyceae). Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 35: 91-98.
Sokhi, G. & Vijayaraghavan, M.R. (1985). Extracellular polysaccharides in Turbinaria conoides: structure and ultrastructure. Cur. Sci. 54: 1192-1193.
Sokhi, G. & Vijayaraghavan, M.R. (1986). Oogonial release in Turbinaria conoides (J. Agardh) Kützing (Fucales, Sargassaceae). Aquatic Botany 24: 321-334.
Umamaheswara Rao, M. (1969). Seasonal variations in growth, alginic acid and mannitol contents of Sargassum wightii and Turbinaria conoides from the Gulf of Mannar, India. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 6: 579-584.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 20 February 2020.

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