163,388 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,770 images, 62,957 bibliographic items, 480,243 distributional records.

Enteromorpha intestinalis (Linnaeus) Nees 1820

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Chlorophyta infrakingdom
Phylum Chlorophyta
Subphylum Chlorophytina
Class Ulvophyceae
Order Ulvales
Family Ulvaceae
Genus Enteromorpha


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Enteromorpha intestinalis (Linnaeus) Nees
Spiddal, Co. Galway; pools at HWM. 15 Jul 2018. © M.D. Guiry.

Enteromorpha intestinalis (Linnaeus) Nees
Spiddal, Co. Galway; pools at HWM. 15 Jul 2018. © M.D. Guiry.

Enteromorpha intestinalis (Linnaeus) Nees
Spiddal, Co. Galway; pools at HWM. 15 Jul 2018. © M.D. Guiry.

Enteromorpha intestinalis (Linnaeus) Nees
Spiddal, Co. Galway; pools at HWM. 15 Jul 2018. © M.D. Guiry.

Enteromorpha intestinalis (Linnaeus) Nees
Spiddal, Co. Galway; pools at HWM. 15 Jul 2018. © M.D. Guiry.

Enteromorpha intestinalis (Linnaeus) Nees
Spiddal, Co. Galway; uppershore pools. 26 Jul 2017. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry.

Enteromorpha intestinalis (Linnaeus) Nees
La Manga, Murcia, Spain. 30 May 2010. Isabel Rubio Perez. © marmenormarmayor.es.

Enteromorpha intestinalis (Linnaeus) Nees
1. Habit. 2. Surface view of cells. 3. Cell wall of hollow thallus in transverse section. 4 Intertidal (Kai River estuary, Nhatrang City, Vietnam).. 09 Mar 2012. Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova. © Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova (etitlyanov@mail.ru).

Enteromorpha intestinalis (Linnaeus) Nees
Hawaii; scale 10 mm. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

Enteromorpha intestinalis (Linnaeus) Nees
Spiddal, Co. Galway, Ireland. 03 Apr 2011. M.D. Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie). © M.D. Guiry.

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40 Found - Displaying 1 through 10


Schizymenia minor (J.Agardh) J.Agardh

Ulva intestinalis Linnaeus Northern California
© Wendell Wood (ww@oregonwild.org)

Publication details
Enteromorpha intestinalis (Linnaeus) Nees 1820: Index [2]

Published in: Nees, C.G. (1820). Horae physicae Berolinenses collectae ex symbolis virorum doctorum H. Linkii...; edicuravit Christianus Godof. Nees ab Esenbeck.. pp. [i-xii], 1-123, [4], 27 pls. Bonnae [Bonn]: Sumtibus Adolphi Marcus.
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Type species
This is the type species (holotype) of the genus Enteromorpha.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Ulva intestinalis Linnaeus

Ulva intestinalis Linnaeus

Type information
Type locality: Woolwich, London, England? (Hayden & al. 2003: 289). Lectotype: Dillenius (1742: pl. 9: fig. 7) (epitype) OXF (Yoshida 1998 Notes: Blomster et al. (1999) select a lectotype (epitype) of Dillenius (1742: pl. 9: fig. 7); see also Hayden et al. (2003: 289). Type locality: 'in Mari omni' (South & Skelton, 2003).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), relating to or found in the intestines (Stearn 1973).

No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

Nomenclatural notes
Either Link (1820: 5) or Greville (1830: lxvi, 179) is traditionally credited with having first made the combination Enteromorpha intestinalis, but in fact it was Nees (1820) who did so in the Index that he prepared for the collective work in which Link’s article was published (Silva, Meñez & Moe, 1987: 92). South & Skelton (2003) cite this species as Enteromorpha intestinalis (Linnaeus) Nees 1820: Index [2]. John et al. (2003) cite this as Enteromorpha intestinalis (Linnaeus) Nees.

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Enteromorpha intestinalis (Linnaeus) Nees)
?: Lumot, Ruprupu (Madlener 1977).

Arabic: Tahalib (F.A.O. 1997).

Chinese: Tai tyau, Hu tai (Madlener 1977).

English: Stone Hair (Madlener 1977), Link confetti (Rhoads & Zunic 1978), Hallow-green nori (F.A.O. 1997).

Hawaiian: Limu eleele (Rhoads & Zunic 1978), Limu ele'ele (Chapman & Chapman 1980).

Japanese: Bô-awonori, Yore-awonori (Tokida 1954), Bo-ao-nori (Madlener 1977), Ohashi nori (Rhoads & Zunic 1978).

Swedish: Tarmalg (Tolstoy & Österlund 2003).

Common names used in commerce, often for edible algae
bo-ao-nori {Jap}; darmaige {Ger}; bitukang manok {Ilo}; gut weed (Eng)

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Burrows, E.M. (1991). Seaweeds of the British Isles. Volume 2. Chlorophyta. pp. [i]-xi, [1]-238, 60 figs, 9 pls. London: Natural History Museum Publications.

Dawson, E.Y., Acleto, C. & Foldvik, N. (1964). The seaweeds of Peru. Beihefte zur Nova Hedwigia 13: 1-111, 81 pls.

Day, S.A., Wickham, R.P., Entwisle, T.J. & Tyler, P.A. (1995). Bibliographic check-list of non-marine algae in Australia. Flora of Australia Supplementary Series 4: [i]-vii, 1-276.

Ding, L. & Luan, R. (2013). Flora algarum marinarum sinicarum Tomus IV Chlorophyta No. I Ulotrichales Chaetophorales, Phaeophilales, Ulvales, Acrosiphoniales. pp. [i]-xxi, 1-173, pls I-VI. Beijing: Science Press.

Hu, H. & Wei, Y. (2006). The freshwater algae of China. Systematics, taxonomy and ecology. pp. [4 pls of 16 figs], [i-iv], i-xv, 1-1023. China: www.sciencep.com.

Li Shanghao (S.H.Ley) & Bi Liejue [Li, S.H. & Bi, L.J.] (1999). Flora algarum sinicarum aquae dulcis. Tomus V Ulothrichales Ulvales Chaetophorales Trentepohliales Sphaeropleales. pp. [i-ix], i-viii, 1-136, 54 pls [I-LIV]. Beijing: Science Press.

Mondragon, J. & Mondragon, J. (2003). Seaweeds of the Pacific Coast. Common marine algae from Alaska to Baja California. pp. [i]iv, [1]-97. Monterey, California: Sea Challengers.

Salavarría Palma, E.A. & Paul, S. (2020). A peep into the transcriptome studies of the industrially important brown algae with special focus on Macrocystis genus. Revista Peruana de Biología 27(1): 49-53.

Shimada, S., Hiraoka, M., Nabata, S., Lima, M. & Masuda, M. (2003). Molecular phylogenetic analyses of the Japanese Ulva and Enteromorpha (Ulvales, Ulvophyceae), with special reference to the free-floating Ulva. Phycological Research 51(2): 99-108.

Smith, G.M. (1944). Marine algae of the Monterey Peninsula. pp. i-ix, 1-622, 98 pls. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Trono, G.C., Jr (1997). Field guide and atlas of the seaweed resourves of the Philippines. pp. [i]-xx.[1]-306, 168 figs. Makati City, The Philippines: Bookmark, Inc..

Vinogradova, K.L. (1966). Species generis Enteromorpha e sinu Novorossijskensi et Vicinitate. Novitates Systematicae Plantarum Non Vascularium 3: 68-82.

Vinogradova, K.L. (1974). Ul'vovye vodorosli (Chlorophyta) morey SSSR [Ulvaceous algae (Chlorophyta) of the seas of the USSR]. pp. 165, 6 tables, 41 plates. Leningrad: Izdatel'stvo Akademii Nauk SSSR. [in Russian]

Vinogradova, K.L. (1979). Opredelitel' vodorosley dal'nevostochnykh morey SSSR. Zelenyye Vodorosli [Manual for identification of the algae of the far-eastern seas of the USSR. Green algae]. pp. 147, 67 figures, 18 plates. Leningrad: Botanicheskii Institut imeni V.L. Komarova. [in Russian]

Zemke-White, W.L. & Ohno, M. (1999). World seaweed utilisation: an end-of-century summary. Journal of Applied Phycology 11: 369-376.

Created: 31 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 03 March 2021 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 26083 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Alexander, L.M. & Wilkinson, M. (1987). The effects of pH and illumination on copper accumulation in Enteromorpha intestinalis. British Phycological Journal 22: 299.
Alexander, L.M. & Wilkinson, M. (1988). Studies on cadmium-binding in Enteromorpha intestinalis. British Phycological Journal 23: 283.
Andría, J.R., Brun, F.G., Pérez-Lloréns, J.L. & Vergara, J.J. (2001). Acclimation Responses of Gracilaria sp. (Rhodophyta) and Enteromorpha intestinalis (Chlorophyta) to Changes in the External Inorganic Carbon Concentration. Botanica Marina 44: 361-370.
Björnsäter, B.R. & Wheeler, P.A. (1983). Effect of nitrogen and phosphorus supply on growth and tissue composition of Ulva fenestrata and Enteromorpha intestinalis (Ulvales, Chlorophyta). Journal of Phycology 26: 603-611.
Black, D.R. (1971). Distribution and ionic relationships of Enteromorpha intestinalis (L.) Link in an estuary. British Phycological Journal 6: 268.
Bliding, C. (1948). &üml;ber Enteromorpha intestinalis and compressa. Botaniska Notiser 1948: 123-136.
Blomster, J., Maggs, C.A. & Stanhope, M.J. (1998). Molecular and morphological analysis of Enteromorpha intestinalis and E. compressa (Chlorophyta) in the British Isles. Journal of Phycology 34: 319-340.
Christie, A.O. & Evans, L.V. (1962). Periodicity in the liberation of gametes and zoospores of Enteromorpha intestinalis Link.. Nature, London 193: 193-194.
Christie, A.O. & Shaw, M. (1968). Settlement experiments with zoospores of Enteromorpha intestinalis (L.) Link. British Phycological Bulletin 3: 529-534, 1 fig, 1 table.
Cohen, R.A. & Fong, P. (2005). Experimental evidence supports the use of ð¹N content of the opportunistic green macroalga Enteromorpha intestinalis (Chlorophyta) to determine nitrogen sources to estuaries . Journal of Phycology 41: 287-293.
Dural, B. (1990). Taxonomic Investigations of some members os Ulvales distributing in the Çandarli Bay. II. Ulvaceae. B. Enteromorpha species. II Section Prolifera, Clathrata and Intestinalis groups.. Doga, Turk. J. Botany 15: 1-19.
Edwards, D.M., Reed, R.H. & Stewart, W.D.P. (1988). Osmoacclimation in Enteromorpha intestinalis: long-term effects of osmotic stress on organic solute accumulation. Marine Biology 98: 467-476, 7 figs, 1 table.
Eifion Jones, W. & Babb, M.S. (1968). The motile period of swarmers of Enteromorpha intestinalis (L.) link. British Phycological Bulletin 3: 525-528, 2 tables.
Fong, P., Boyer, K.E. & Zedler, J.B. (1998). Developing an indicator of nutrient enrichment in coastal estuaries and lagoons using tissue nitrogen content of the opportunistic alga, Enteromorpha intestinalis (L.) Link. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 231: 63-79.
Kim, K.Y. & Lee, I.K. (1996). The germling growth of Enteromorpha intestinalis (Chlorophyta) in laboratory culture under different combinations of irradiance and salinity and temperature and salinity. Phycologia 35: 327-331, 2 figs, 3 tables.
Larsen, J. (1981). Crossing experiments with Enteromorpha intestinalis and E. compressa from different European localities. Nordic Journal of Botany 1: 128-136.
Larsson, C., Axelsson, L., Rybergh, H. & Beer, S. (1997). Photosynthetic carbon utilization by Enteromorpha intestinalis (Chlorophyta) from a Swedish rockpool. European Journal of Phycology 32: 49-54, 2 figs, 3 tables.
McArthur, D.M. & Moss, B.L. (1977). The ultrastructure of cell walls in Enteromorpha intestinalis (L.) Link. British Phycological Journal 12: 359-368.
McArthur, D.M. & Moss, B.L. (1978). Ultrastructural studies of vegetative cells, mitosis and cell division in Enteromorpha intestinalis (L.) Link. British Phycological Journal 13: 255-267, 26 figs.
McArthur, D.M. & Moss, B.L. (1979). Gametogenesis and gamete structure of Enteromorpha intestinalis (L.) Link. British Phycological Journal 14: 43-57, 26 figs.
Munda, I.M. (1984). Salinity dependent accumulation of Zn, Co and Mn in Scytosiphon lomentaria (Lyngb.) Link and Enteromorpha intestinalis (L.) Link from the Adriatic Sea. Botanica Marina 27: 371-376.
Pérez-Llorens, J.L., Brun, F.G., Andría, A. & Vergara, J. (2004). Seasonal and tidal variability of environmental carbon related physico-chemical variables and inorganic C acquisition in Gracilariopsis longissima and Enteromorpha intestinalis from Los Toruños salt marsh (Cádiz Bay, Spain). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 304: 183-201.
Pringle, J.D. (1986). Swarmer release and distribution of life-cycle phases of Enteromorpha intestinalis (L.) (Chlorophyta) in relation to environmental factors. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 100: 97-111.
Reed, R.H. & Russell, G. (1978). Salinity fluctuations and their influence on "bottle brush" morphogenesis in Enteromorpha intestinalis (L.) Link. British Phycological Journal 13: 149-153.
Reed, R.H. & Russell, G. (1978). Salinity tolerances in Enteromorpha intestinalis (L.) Link. British Phycological Journal 13: 205.
Reed, R.H. & Russell, G. (1979). Adaptation of salinity stress in populations of Enteromorpha intestinalis (L.) Link. Estuarine and Coastal Marine Science 8: 251--258.
Shahnaz, L., Ghazala, B. & Shameel, M. (2006). Phycochemistry and bioactivity of Enteromorpha intestinalis (Ulvophyceae, Chlorophyta) from Sindh, Pakistan. International Journal of Phycology and Phycochemistry 2: 59-62.
Shin, H.-W. & Smith, C.M. (1996). Impact of physical factors on periodic reproduction for Hawaiian algae Ulva fasciata Delile and Enteromorpha intestinalis (L.) Link. Algae 11(3): 325-332, 2 figs, 4 tables.
Silva, M.W.R.N. de & Burrows, E.M. (1973). An experimental assessment of the status of the species Entermorpha intestinalis (L.) Link and Enteromorpha compressa (L.) Grev. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 53: 895-904.
Weeks, D.C. (1961). Preliminary observations on effects of varying salinity on Enteromorpha intestinalis. Report. Challenger Society for the Promotion of the Study of Oceanography 3(13): .
Young, A.J., Collins, J.C. & Russell, G. (1987). Ecotypic variation in the osmotic responses of Enteromorpha intestinalis (L.) Link. J. Exp. Bot. 38: 1309-1324.

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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 24 September 2021.

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