160,188 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,604 images, 62,254 bibliographic items, 471,478 distributional records.

Protoperidinium pentagonum (Gran) Balech 1974

Publication details
Protoperidinium pentagonum (Gran) Balech 1974: 59

Published in: Balech, E. (1974). El genero "Protoperidinium" Bergh, 1881 ("Peridinium" Ehrenberg, 1831, partim). Revista del Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales "Bernardino Rivadavia" Instituto Nacional de Investigación de las Ciencias Naturales, Hidrobiologia 4(1): 1-79.
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Protoperidinium is Protoperidinium pellucidum Bergh.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Peridinium pentagonum Gran

Type information
Type locality: Atlantic Ocean, near Norwegian coast (Index Nominum Algarum).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), five-angled.

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Peridinium pentagonum Gran 1902

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Peridinium sinuosum Lemmermann 1905
Protoperidinium parapentagonum C.C.Wang 1936

Nomenclatural notes
Paleontological names:Trinovantedium capitatum P.C. Reid, Trinovantedinium applanatum(Bradford) Bujak & Davies (Balkis et al., 2016). - (15 Jun 2016) - Wendy Guiry

Taxonomic notes
Dodge (1982: 166) notes this species is of the sub-genus Protoperidinium, group Orthoperidinium and section Conica

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Balkis, N., Balci, M., Giannakourou, A., Venetsanopolou, A. & Mudie, P. (2016). Dinoflagellate resting cysts in recent marine sediments from the Gulf of Gemlik (Marmara Sea, Turkey) and seasonal harmful algal blooms. Phycologia 55(2): 187-209.

Dodge, J.D. (1982). Marine dinoflagellates of the British Isles. pp. 1-303, 35 figs, pls I-VIII. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office.

Dodge, J.D. (1985). Atlas of dinoflagellates. A scanning electron microscope survey. pp. [i]-vii, [1]-119. Farrand Press.

Gu, H., Liu, T. & Mertens, K.N. (2015). Cyst-theca relationship and phylogenetic positions of Protoperidinium (Peridiniales, Dinophyceae) species of the sections Conica and Tabulata, with description of Protoperidinium shanghaiense sp. nov.. Phycologia 54(1): 49-66, 75 fig., 3 tables.

Krakhmalny, A.F. [Krachmalny, A.F.] (2011). Dinophyta of Ukraine (illustrated book for identification). pp. [1]-442, 32 figs, 117 pls. Kiev: Alterpres. [in Russian]

Li, Z., Matsuoka, K., Shin, H.H., Kobayashi, S., Shin, K., Lee, T. & Han, M.-S. (2015). Brigantedinium majusculum is the cyst of Protoperidinium sinuosum (Protoperidiniaceae, Dinophyceae). Phycologia 54(5): 517-529.

Nehring, S. (1997). Dinoflagellate resting cysts from recent German coastal sediments. Botanica Marina 40(4): 307-324.

Okolodkov, Y.B. (2005). Protoperidinium Bergh (Dinoflagellata) in the southeastern Mexian Pacific Ocean: part I. Botanica Marina 48: 284-296.

Steidinger, K.A. & Tangen, K. (1996). Dinoflagellates. In: Identifying Marine Phytoplankton. (Tomas, C.R. Eds), pp. 387-584. San Diego: Academic Press.

Created: 07 May 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 31 August 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 3604 times since it was created.

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Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=52669

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 05 March 2021.

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