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Pterocladiella caerulescens (Kützing) Santelices & Hommersand 1997

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Gelidiales
Family Pterocladiaceae
Genus Pterocladiella

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Pterocladiella caerulescens (Kützing) Santelices & Hommersand
Masthead Island, Queensland. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

Pterocladiella caerulescens (Kützing) Santelices & Hommersand
1. Habit. 2. Photo in aquarium. Plants taken from the low intertidal dead corals, Hainan Island (China).. 29 Feb 2012. Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova (etitlyanov@mail.ru). © Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova (etitlyanov@mail.ru).

Pterocladiella caerulescens (Kützing) Santelices & Hommersand
Hawaii. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

Pterocladiella caerulescens (Kützing) Santelices & Hommersand
Hawaii; apical tetrasporangial sori; scale 1 mm. 15 Aug 2011. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

Pterocladiella caerulescens (Kützing) Santelices & Hommersand
Lord Howe Island, Australia. 21 Nov 2010. M.D. Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Pterocladiella caerulescens (Kützing) Santelices & Hommersand
Panama. Habit of tuft with strap-shaped blades. D.S. Littler. © Diane Littler (littlerd@si.edu).

Pterocladiella caerulescens (Kützing) Santelices & Hommersand
Panama. Transverse section of blade with larger medullary cells surrounded by thick-walled rhizines.. D.S. Littler. © Diane Littler (littlerd@si.edu).

Pterocladiella caerulescens (Kützing) Santelices & Hommersand
Panama. Transverse section of blade with larger medullary cells surrounded by thick-walled rhizines.. D.S. Littler. © Diane Littler (littlerd@si.edu).

Pterocladiella caerulescens (Kützing) Santelices & Hommersand
Panama. Blade apex showing solitary apical cell.. D.S. Littler. © Diane Littler (littlerd@si.edu).

Pterocladiella caerulescens (Kützing) Santelices & Hommersand
Panama. Transverse section of blade with larger medullary cells surrounded by thick-walled rhizines.. D.S. Littler. © Diane Littler (littlerd@si.edu).

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Bryopsis hypnoides f. praelongata J.Agardh

Pterocladiella caerulescens (Kützing) Santelices & Hommersand KwaZulu-Natal
© Tom Schils (tom@schils.be)

Publication details
Pterocladiella caerulescens (Kützing) Santelices & Hommersand 1997: 118

Published in: Santelices, B. & Hommersand, M. (1997). Pterocladiella, a new genus in the Gelidiaceae (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta). Phycologia 36: 114-119.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Pterocladiella is Pterocladiella capillacea (S.G.Gmelin) Santelices & Hommersand.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Gelidium caerulescens Kützing

Type information
Type locality: Wagap, New Caledonia (Millar & Freshwater 2005: 252). Lectotype: Vieillard No. 2103; L 941,11-91 (barcode L0056117) (Millar & Freshwater 2005: 252). Notes: Millar & Prud'homme van Reine (2005: 540) note that five specimens on sheet L 941,11-98 (barcode L0056116) are all isotypes.

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), becoming sky-blue (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Gelidium caerulescens Kützing 1868
Pterocladia caerulescens (Kützing) Santelices 1976

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Gelidium pusillum var. conchicola Piccone & Grunow 1884
Pterocladia tropica E.Y.Dawson 1959
Gelidium irregulare N.H.Loomis 1960
Pterocladia rigida N.H.Loomis 1960
Gelidium tropicum (E.Y.Dawson) Verheij & Prud'homme 1993

Nomenclatural notes
South & Skelton (2003) cite this species as Pterocladiella caerulescens (Kützing) Santelices 1976.

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Pterocladiella caerulescens (Kützing) Santelices & Hommersand)
Japanese: Ao-obakusa (Shimada & Masuda 2002).

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Gelidium caerulescens Kützing)
Africa: Morocco (Dangeard 1949).

Pacific Islands/Pacific Ocean: New Caledonia (Shimada & Masuda 2002, Millar & Prud'homme van Reine 2005).

(as Gelidium pusillum var. conchicola Piccone & Grunow)
Caribbean Islands: Barbados (Taylor 1969), Lesser Antilles (Taylor 1969), Trinidad (Richardson 1975).

South America: Brazil (Joly 1965), Venezuela (Ganesan 1990).

Africa: Ethiopia (Papenfuss 1968), Morocco (Dangeard 1949).

South-east Asia: Indonesia (Atmadja & Prud'homme van Reine 2012).

Asia: China (Xia, Tseng & Wang 2002, Xia 2004), Japan (Okamura 1936), Korea (Lee & Kim 1995).

(as Pterocladia tropica E.Y.Dawson)
Pacific Islands/Pacific Ocean: Central Polynesia (Tsuda & Walsh 2013).

(as Pterocladia caerulescens (Kützing) Santelices)
Caribbean Islands: Trinidad & Tobago (Duncan & Lee Lum 2006, Duncan & Lee Lum 2006).

South America: Colombia (Díaz-Pulido & Díaz-Ruíz 2003).

Indian Ocean Islands: Réunion (Zubia & al.), Seychelles (Silva & al. 1996).

Middle East: Oman (Wynne 2001).

South-west Asia: India (Silva & al. 1996, Sahoo et al. 2001).

South-east Asia: Indonesia (Verheij & Prud'homme van Reine 1993, Silva & al. 1996), Malaysia (Silva & al. 1996).

Asia: China (Xia 2004).

Australia and New Zealand: Lord Howe Island (Millar & Kraft 1993), Papua New Guinea (Coppejans & Millar 2000), Queensland (Lewis 1984, Price & Scott 1992, Phillips 1997), Western Australia (Huisman & Borowitzka 2003, Huisman & al. 2009).

Pacific Islands/Pacific Ocean: Hawaiian Islands (Magruder & Hunt 1979, Santelices & Stewart 1985, Rodríguez & Santelices 1988, Thomas & Freshwater 2001, Stuercke & McDermid 2004, Huisman, Abbott & Smith 2007), Samoa (Skelton & South 2007).

(as Pterocladiella caerulescens (Kützing) Santelices & Hommersand)
Atlantic Islands: Bermuda (Schneider & Lane, 2005).

North America: Mexico (Pedroche & Sentíes 2020), Mexico (Atlantic) (García & al. 2020).

Central America: Panama (Fernández-García & al. 2011).

Western Atlantic: Trop. & Subtrop. W. Atlantic (Wynne 2017).

Africa: Eritrea (Ateweberhan & Prud'homme van Reine 2005), Madagascar (Boo & al. 2016, Vieira & al. 2021), Mozambique (Tronchin & Freshwater 2007 ), South Africa (De Clerck, Tronchin & Schils 2005, Tronchin & Freshwater 2007 ).

Middle East: Oman (Wynne 2018).

South-west Asia: Sri Lanka (Coppejans & al. 2009).

South-east Asia: Indonesia (Atmadja & Prud'homme van Reine 2012), Malaysia (Sohrabipour & al. 2013), New Caledonia (Millar & Freshwater 2005), Philippines (Lastimoso & Santiañez 2021), Singapore (Boo et al. 2016), Vietnam (Kristiansen & Lind 1995, Abbott, Fisher & McDermid 2002, Nguyen et al. 2013, Titlyanov, Titlyanova & Belous 2015).

Asia: China (Liu 2008, Titlyanov & Titlyanova 2012), China (Hainan Island) (Titlyanova, Titlyanov & Kalita 2014, Titlyanov & al. 2015, Titlyanov & al. 2015, Titlyanov & al. 2016, Titlyanov & al. 2019), Japan (Shimada & Masuda 2002, Yoshida, Suzuki & Yoshinaga 2015), South China Sea (Phang & al. 2016, Wang et al. 2020 ), Yonaguni Island (Titlyanov & al. 2016).

Australia and New Zealand: Australia (Huisman 2019), Lord Howe Island (Millar & Freshwater 2005), Papua New Guinea (Coppejans & Millar 2000), Queensland (Phillips 2002, Bostock & Holland 2010), Western Australia (Huisman, Boo & Boo 2018).

Pacific Islands/Pacific Ocean: Central Polynesia (Tsuda & Walsh 2013), Fiji (South & Skelton 2003), French Polynesia (Payri, N'Yeurt & Orempuller 2000, N'Yeurt & Payri 2010), Hawaiian Islands (Thomas & Freshwater 2001, Tronchin & Freshwater 2007), Jarvis I. & Kingman Reef (Tsuda & Fisher 2012), Line Islands (Tsuda & Fisher 2012), New Caledonia (Payri 2007).

Key references
Abbott, I.A., Fisher, J. & McDermid, K.J. (2002). Newly reported and revised marine algae from the vicinity of Nha Trang, Vietnam. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds with reference to some Pacific species. Vol. VIII. (Abbott, I.A. & Mcdermid, K.J. Eds) Vol. 8, pp. 291-321. Oceanographic Institute, Nha Trang, Vietnam: California Sea Grant College.

Boo, G.H., Cai, Y. & Boo, S.M. (2016). Molecular identification of gelidioid algae (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) from Singapore with a description of Gelidium sentosaense sp. nov.. Phycologia 55(3): 247-256.

Boo, G.H., Le Gall, L., Hwang, I.K. & Boo, S.M. (2016). Pterocladiella feldmannii sp. nov. and P. hamelii sp. nov. (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta), two new species uncovered in Madagascar during the Atimo Vatae expedition. Cryptogamie Algologie 37(3): 179-198, 21 figs.

Freshwater, D.W., Tudor, K., O'Shaughnessy, K. & Wysor, B. (2010). DNA barcoding in the red algal order Gelidiales: comparison of COI with rbcL and verification of the "barcoding gap". Cryptogamie Algologie 31(4): 435-449.

Huisman, J.M. (2019). Marine plants of Australia Revised edition. pp. [i]-xviii, [1]-435, numerous col. figs. Crawley Western Australia: UWA Publishing.

Huisman, J.M., Abbott, I.A., Smith, C.M. (2007). Hawaiian reef plants. pp. [1]-264, numerous colour photographs. Honolulu: A publication of the University of Hawai'i Sea Grant College Program.

Huisman, J.M., Boo, G.H. & Boo, S.M. (2018). Gelidiales. In: Algae of Australia. Marine benthic algae of north-western Australia. 2. Red algae. (Huisman, J.M. Eds), pp. 245-264. Canberra & Melbourne: ABRS & CSIRO Publishing.

Millar, A.J.K. & Prud'homme van Reine, W.F. (2005). Marine benthic macroalgae collected by Vieillard from New Caledonia and described as new species by Kützing. Phycologia 44: 536-549.

Santelices, B. (1999). Taxonomic status of the species originally ascribed to the genus Pterocladia (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta). In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds with reference to some Pacific species Vol. VII. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.7, pp. 71-80. La Jolla, California: California Sea Grant College System.

Shimada, S. & Masuda, M. (2002). Japanese species of Pterocladiella Santelices et Hommersand (Rhodophyta, Gelidiales). In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds with reference to some Pacific species. Vol. VIII. (Abbott, I.A. & Mcdermid, K.J. Eds) Vol.8, pp. 167-181. La Jolla: California Sea Grant College.

Sohrabipour, J., Lim, P.-E., Maggs, C.A. & Phang, S.-M. (2013). Two new species and two new records of Pterocladiella (Gelidiales) from Malaysia based on analyses of rbcL and coxI gene sequences. Phycologia 52(6): 517-537.

Titlyanov E.A., Titlyanova T.V. & Belous O.S. (2016). Useful marine plants of the Asia-Pacific Region countries. pp. 1-348, Many col. photo. Vladivostok: Dalnauka. [in Russian and English]

Titlyanov, E.A. & Titlyanova, T.V. (2012). Morskiye rasteniya stran Aziatsko-Tikhookeanskogo regiona, ikh ispol'zovaniye i kul'tivirovaniye [Marine plants of the Asian Pacific Region countries, their use and cultivation]. pp. 376, 52 numbered figures, 162 plates. Vladivostok: Dalnauka & A.V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. [in Russian]

Tronchin, E.M. & Freshwater, D.W. (2007). Four Gelidiales (Rhodophyta) new to southern Africa, Aphanta pachyrrhiza gen. et sp. nov., Gelidium profundum sp. nov., Pterocladiella caerulescens and P. psammophila sp. nov.. Phycologia 46(3): 325-348, 49 figs, 4 tables.

Wang, X., Yan, S., Wang, Y., Sun, Z., Xia, B. & Wang, G. (2020). Study of the phylogeny and distribution of Pterocladiella (Pterocladiaceae, Rhodophyta) from China. Phycologia 59(2): 165-176.

Xia Bangmei [Xia, B.-M.] (2004). Flora algarum marinarum sinicarum Tomus II Rhodophyta No. III Gelidiales Cryptonemiales Hildenbrandiales. pp. [i]-xxi, 1-203, pls I-XIII. Beijing: Science Press. [in Chinese]

Created: 11 November 1999 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 12 May 2020 by G.M. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 4592 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Shimada, S. & Masuda, M. (2000). New records of Gelidiella pannosa, Pterocladiella caerulescens and Pterocladiella caloglossoides (Rhodophyta, Gelidiales) from Japan. Phycological Research 48: 95-102.
Tronchin, E.M. & Freshwater, D.W. (2007). Four Gelidiales (Rhodophyta) new to southern Africa, Aphanta pachyrrhiza gen. et sp. nov., Gelidium profundum sp. nov., Pterocladiella caerulescens and P. psammophila sp. nov.. Phycologia 46(3): 325-348, 49 figs, 4 tables.

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Cite this record as:
G.M. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 18 September 2021.

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