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Titanoderma pustulatum (J.V.Lamouroux) Nägeli 1858

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Corallinophycidae
Order Corallinales
Family Lithophyllaceae
Subfamily Lithophylloideae
Tribe Dermatolitheae
Genus Titanoderma


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Titanoderma pustulatum (J.V.Lamouroux) Nägeli
Hawaii; scale is 5 mm. 01 Jan 0001. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

Titanoderma pustulatum (J.V.Lamouroux) Nägeli
conceptacles; Spain, Galicia, Ría de Arosa, 2007. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Titanoderma pustulatum (J.V.Lamouroux) Nägeli
Near Kearney, Co.Down, Northern ireland. Grid ref. J6551. Coll 9th May 1977. Coll. O.Morton; det Y.M. Chamberlain; May 1978. Epiphytic on Mastocarpus stellatus in a large pool 20 feet or more across and no more than 1 foot deep among boulders and s. Osborne Morton. © Bernard Picton (Bernard.Picton@magni.org.uk).

Titanoderma pustulatum (J.V.Lamouroux) Nägeli
Mirella Coppola di Canzano. © Mirella Coppola di Canzano (mirella.coppoladicanzano@fastwebnet.it).

Titanoderma pustulatum (J.V.Lamouroux) Nägeli
Mirella Coppola di Canzano. © Mirella Coppola di Canzano (mirella.coppoladicanzano@fastwebnet.it).

Titanoderma pustulatum (J.V.Lamouroux) Nägeli
Mirella Coppola di Canzano. © Mirella Coppola di Canzano (mirella.coppoladicanzano@fastwebnet.it).

Titanoderma pustulatum (J.V.Lamouroux) Nägeli
Mirella Coppola di Canzano. © Mirella Coppola di Canzano (mirella.coppoladicanzano@fastwebnet.it).


Ectocarpus brevis Sauvageau

Titanoderma pustulatum (J.V.Lamouroux) Nägeli conceptacles; Spain, Galicia, Ría de Arosa, 2007
© Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es)

Publication details
Titanoderma pustulatum (J.V.Lamouroux) Nägeli in Nägeli & Cramer 1858: 532, footnote

Published in: Nägeli, C. & Cramer, C. (1858). Die Stärkekörner: Morphologische, physiologische, chemisch-physicalische und systematisch-botanische Monographie. Pflanzenphysiologische Untersuchungen. 2. Heft. pp. [i]-x, [1]-623, pls XI-XXVI. Zürich: bei Fredrich Schultness.
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Type species
This is the type species (holotype) of the genus Titanoderma.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Melobesia pustulata J.V.Lamouroux

Type information
Type locality: France (Silva & al. 1996: 274). Lectotype: CN (Herb. Lamouroux) unnumbered (Womersley 1996: 229). Notes: Designated by Woelkerling, Chamberlain & Silva (1985: 325).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), having pustules (Stearn 1985).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Melobesia pustulata J.V.Lamouroux 1816
Dermatolithon pustulatum (J.V.Lamouroux) Foslie 1898
Lithophyllum pustulatum (J.V.Lamouroux) Foslie 1904
Epilithon pustulatum (J.V.Lamouroux) Me.Lemoine 1921
Tenarea pustulata (J.V.Lamouroux) Shameel 1983

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Melobesia pustulata var. canellata Kützing 1849
Melobesia macrocarpa Rosanoff 1866
Melobesia confinis P.Crouan & H.Crouan 1867
Melobesia simulans P.Crouan & H.Crouan 1867
Dermatolithon pustulatum var. macrocarpum (Rosanoff) Foslie 1893
Dermatolithon macrocarpum (Rosanoff) Foslie 1898
Dermatolithon hapalidioides var. confine (P.Crouan & H.Crouan) Foslie 1899
Dermatolithon hapalidioides f. confine (P.Crouan & H.Crouan) Foslie 1899
Dermatolithon adplicitum (Foslie) Foslie 1900
Lithophyllum hapalidioides f. confinis (P.Crouan & H.Crouan) Foslie 1900
Dermatolithon pustulatum f. faroense Foslie 1900
Dermatolithon macrocarpum f. faeroensis Foslie 1900
Lithophyllum macrocarpum (Rosanoff) Foslie 1904
Lithophyllum pustulatum f. intermedium Foslie 1905
Lithophyllum macrocarpum f. intermedium (Foslie) Foslie 1905
Lithophyllum pustulatum f. macrocarpum (Rosanoff) Foslie 1905
Lithophyllum macrocarpum f. faroense (Foslie) Foslie 1905
Lithophyllum macrocarpum f. faeroensis (Foslie) Foslie 1905
Lithophyllum pustulatum var. australe Foslie 1905
Lithophyllum pustulatum f. ascripticium Foslie 1907
Lithophyllum pustulatum f. simile Foslie 1909
Lithophyllum pustulatum var. macrocarpum (Rosanoff) Me.Lemoine 1913
Lithophyllum hapalidioides var. confinis (P.Crouan & H.Crouan) Me.Lemoine 1921
Dermatolithon pustulatum f. ascripticium (Foslie) Foslie ex De Toni 1924
Dermatolithon macrocarpum f. intermedium (Foslie) Foslie ex De Toni 1924
Fosliella ascripticia (Foslie) G.M.Smith 1944
Fosliella intermedia (Foslie) G.M.Smith 1944
Dermatolithon pustulatum f. similis (Foslie) Hamel & Me.Lemoine 1953
Tenarea ascripticia (Foslie) W.H.Adey 1970
Tenarea confinis (P.Crouan & H.Crouan) W.H.Adey & P.J.Adey 1973
Dermatolithon confine (P.Crouan & H.Crouan) Boudouresque, Perret-Boudouresque & Knoepffler-Peguy 1984
Titanoderma ascripticium (Foslie) Woelkerling, Y.M.Chamberlain & P.C.Silva 1985
Titanoderma verrucatum (J.V.Lamouroux) Y.M.Chamberlain 1986
Titanoderma confine (P.Crouan & H.Crouan) J.H.Price, D.M.John & G.W.Lawson 1986
Titanoderma macrocarpum (Rosanoff) Y.M.Chamberlain 1986
Titanoderma pustulatum var. confine (P.Crouan & H.Crouan) Y.M.Chamberlain 1991
Titanoderma pustulatum var. macrocarpum (Rosanoff) Y.M.Chamberlain 1991
Titanoderma pustulatum var. canellatum (Kützing) Y.M.Chamberlain 1991

Taxonomic notes
Campbell & Woelkerling (1990) concluded that Titanoderma Nägeli was a heterotypic synonym of Lithophyllum Philippi. Chamberlain, L. Irvine & Walker (1991) argued for the retention of Titanoderma.

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Bressan, G. & Babbini, L. (2003). Biodiversità marina delle coste Italiane: Corallinales del Mar Mediterraneo: guida all deteminazione. Biologia Marina Mediterranea 10(Suppl. 2): 1-237.

Chamberlain, Y.M. & Irvine, L.M. (1994). Lithophylloideae Setchell. In: Seaweeds of the British Isles...Volume 1. Rhodophyta. Part 2B. Corallinales, Hildenbrandiales. (Irvine, L.M. & Chamberlain, Y.M. Eds), pp. 58-112. London: HMSO.

Chamberlain, Y.M. (1991). Historical and taxonomic studies in the genus Titanoderma (Rhodophyta, Corallinales) in the British Isles. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Botany 21: 1-80, 247 figs, 3 tables.

Chamberlain, Y.M., Irvine, L.M. & Walker, R. (1991). A redescription of Lithophyllum orbiculatum (Rhodophyta, Corallinales) in the British Isles and a reassessment of generic delimitation in the Lithophylloideae. British Phycological Journal 26: 149-167, 43 figs, 1 table.

Dawes, C.J. & Mathieson, A.C. (2008). The seaweeds of Florida. pp. [i]- viii, [1]-591, [592], pls I-LI. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida.

Mathieson, A.C. & Dawes, C.J. (2017). Seaweeds of the Northwest Atlantic. pp. [i]-x, 1-798, CIX pls. Amherst & Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.

Mendes Crespo, T., Gama Bahia, R. da, Maneveldt, G.W. & Amado-Filho, G.M. (2014). Floristic composition of crustose coralline algae from the St. Peter and St. Paul Archipelago, a summit of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Phytotaxa 190(1): 17-37, 17 fig., 3 tables.

Nielsen, R. & Lundsteen, S. (2019). Danmarks havalger Bind 1 Rødalger (Rhodophyta). Scientia Danica. Series B, Biologica 7: [1]-398, col. figs and distributional maps.

Rodríguez-Prieto, C., Ballesteros, E., Boisset, F. & Afonso-Carrillo, J. (2013). Guía de las macroalgas y fanerógamas marinas del Mediterráneo occidental. pp. [1]-656. Barcelona: Ediciones Omega, S.A..

Silva, P.C., Basson, P.W. & Moe, R.L. (1996). Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean. University of California Publications in Botany 79: [i]-xiv, 1-1259.

Suárez, A.M., Martínez-Daranas, B. & Alfonso, Y. (2015). Macroalgas marinas de Cuba. pp. [1]-264, 229 figs. La Habana [Havana]: UH [Universidad de La Habana] Editorial.

Townsend, R.A. & Huisman, J.M. (2018). 'Coralline algae'. In: Algae of Australia. Marine benthic algae of north-western Australia. 2. Red algae. (Huisman, J.M. Eds), pp. 86-97, 105-137, 143-146. Canberra & Melbourne: ABRS & CSIRO Publishing.

Wilks, K.M. & Woelkerling, W.J. (1991). Southern Australian species of Melobesia (Corallinaceae, Rhodophyta). Phycologia 30: 507-533, 37 figs, 2 tables.

Woelkerling, W.J. & Campbell, S.J. (1992). An account of the southern Australian species of Lithophyllum (Corallinaceae, Rhodophyta). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Botany 22: 1-107, 63 figs, 13 tables, 4 maps.

Womersley, H.B.S. (1996). The marine benthic flora of southern Australia - Part IIIB - Gracilariales, Rhodymeniales, Corallinales and Bonnemaisoniales. pp. [1]-392, 160 figs. Canberra & Adelaide: Australian Biological Resources Study with assistance from the State Herbarium of South Australia.

Created: 14 November 1998 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 14 February 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 6483 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Bailey, J.C. (1999). Phylogenetic positions of Lithophyllum incrustans and Titanoderma pustulatum (Corallinaceae, Rhodophyta) based on 18S rRNA gene sequence analyses, with a revised classification of the Lithophylloideae. Phycologia 38: 208-216, 2 figs, 4 tables.
Fredriksen, S., Sørlie, A.C. & Kjøsterud, A.-B. (1995). Titanoderma pustulatum (Lamouroux) Nägeli and Lithophyllum crouanii Foslie (corallinales, Rhodophyta): two common epiphytes on Laminaria hyperborea (Gunnerus) Foslie stipes in Norway. Sarsia 80: 41-46, 14 figs, 2 tables.

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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 13 May 2021.

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