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Constantinea simplex Setchell 1901

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Gigartinales
Family Dumontiaceae
Genus Constantinea

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Constantinea simplex Setchell
exposed rocky shore at Bradys Beach, Bamfield, B.C.. 24 Oct 2014. Bridgette Clarkston. © 2014 Bridgette Clarkston.

Constantinea simplex Setchell
Northern California. 08 Mar 2011. Wendell Wood (ww@oregonwild.org). © Wendell Wood (ww@oregonwild.org).

Constantinea simplex Setchell
Northern California. 08 Mar 2011. Wendell Wood (ww@oregonwild.org). © Wendell Wood (ww@oregonwild.org).

Constantinea simplex Setchell
Northern California. 08 Mar 2011. Wendell Wood (ww@oregonwild.org). © Wendell Wood (ww@oregonwild.org).

Constantinea simplex Setchell
Northern California. 08 Mar 2011. Wendell Wood (ww@oregonwild.org). © Wendell Wood (ww@oregonwild.org).

Constantinea simplex Setchell
Cape Perpetua, Oregon, USA; individual plant from clumped population; white ring indicates damage from air exposure. 13 Jun 2003. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Constantinea simplex Setchell
Cape Perpetua, Oregon, USA; clumped plants at low water; white rings indicate damage by exposure during spring tides. 13 Jun 2003. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Constantinea simplex Setchell
Cape Perpetua Oregon, U.S.A.; much-eroded plants clumped together in sand surge-channel.. 20 Jun 2003. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Constantinea simplex Setchell
Damnation Creek, Del Norte County, California, USA; Plantlets growing on last year's annual blade.. 20 May 2007. Courtnay Hermann. © Courtnay Janiak (theseaweedknot@hotmail.com).

Constantinea simplex Setchell
False Klamath Cove, Del Norte County, California, USA. 16 May 2007. Courtnay Hermann. © Courtnay Janiak (theseaweedknot@hotmail.com).

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Kylinia dwarkensis (Børgesen) Desikachary, M.Balakrishnan & V.Krishnamurthy

Constantinea simplex Setchell exposed rocky shore at Bradys Beach, Bamfield, B.C.
© 2014 Bridgette Clarkston

Publication details
Constantinea simplex Setchell 1901: 127

Published in: Setchell, W.A. (1901). Notes on algae, I. Zoe 5: 121-129.

Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Constantinea is Constantinea rosa-marina (S.G.Gmelin) Postels & Ruprecht.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Type information
Syntype localities: Santa Cruz; Pacific Grove; Land's End, San Francisco; Dillon's Beach, Marin County; Fort Ross, Sonoma County, California, USA (Setchell 1901: 128).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), simple, undivided, unbranched, of one piece or series, not consisting of several distinct parts (Stearn 1973).

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

Habitat notes
low and mid intertidal; sand; epilithic (Augyte & Shaughnessy, 2014). - (5 Dec 2014) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Constantinea simplex Setchell)
North America: Alaska (Scagel & al. 1989), Aleutian Islands (Mondragon & Mondragon 2003 ), British Columbia (Scagel & al. 1989, Clarkston & Saunders 2012), California (Setchell 1901, Abbott & Hollenberg 1976, Scagel & al. 1989, Mondragon & Mondragon 2003 , Miller 2012, Augyte & Shaughnessy 2014), Oregon (Hansen 1997, Augyte & Shaughnessy 2014), Washington (Scagel & al. 1989).

Asia: Commander Islands (Klochkova & Pisareva 2009, Klochkova & al. 2021), Kamchatka (Klochkova & Pisareva 2009).

Key references
Klochkova N.G., Koroleva T.N., Kusidi A.E. (2009). Atlas vodorosley-makrofitov prikamchatskikh vod [Atlas of algae-macrophytes of Kamchatka waters. Red algae]. Vol. 2 pp. 301, profusely illustrated. Petropavlovsk-Kamchatski: Izdaniya KamchatNIRO. [in Russian]

Klochkova, N.G. & Pisareva, N.A. (2009). The genus Constantinea (Rhodophyta: Gigartinales) in the Far-Eastern seas of Russia. Russian Journal of Marine Biology 35: 206-214.

Smith, G.M. (1944). Marine algae of the Monterey Peninsula. pp. i-ix, 1-622, 98 pls. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Created: 13 April 1998 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 12 January 2012 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 3585 times since it was created.

Verification of data
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Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=4940

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 25 October 2021.

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