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Tolypella nidifica (O.F.Müller) A.Braun 1857

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Streptophyta infrakingdom
Phylum Charophyta
Class Charophyceae
Order Charales
Family Characeae
Genus Tolypella


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Tolypella nidifica (O.F.Müller) A.Braun
Lemkenhafen, Fehmarn, Germany, Baltic Sea, in 0.5-1.0 m depth. 12 Jul 2005. Dirk Schories. © Dirk Schories (dirk.schories@gmx.de).

Tolypella nidifica (O.F.Müller) A.Braun
T. nidifica f. groenlandica.


Neorhodomela teres (Perestenko) Perestenko

Tolypella nidifica (O.F.Müller) A.Braun Lemkenhafen, Fehmarn, Germany, Baltic Sea, in 0.5-1.0 m depth
© Dirk Schories (dirk.schories@gmx.de)

Publication details
Tolypella nidifica (O.F.Müller) A.Braun 1857: 344, 348

Published in: Braun, A. (1857). Über Parthenogenesis bei Pflanzen. Abhandlungen der Koniglichen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1856: 311-376.
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Type species
This is the type species (lectotype) of the genus Tolypella.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Conferva nidifica O.F.Müller

Type information
Type locality: inter Fioniam & Lalandiam in fundo ad littora (Index Nominum Algarum).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Conferva nidifica O.F.Müller 1778
Nitella nidifica (O.F.Müller) C.Agardh 1824

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Chara stenhammariana Wallman 1816
Nitella stenhammariana (Wallman) Wallman 1853
Tolypella stenhammariana (Wallman) Soulat-Ribette 1892
Tolypella nidifica subsp. occidentalis R.Corillion 1963

Nomenclatural notes
The name Tolypella nidifica was first used by A. Braun (1856:) but without direct reference to Conferva nidifica O.F.Müller, and without a description or reference to a previous description. Leonhardi (1864) seems to have been the first author to make the combination. - (26 Jun 2010) - M.D. Guiry

Habitat notes
Tolypella nidifica is a brackish-water species. It is very common in the Baltic Sea. The species has high salinity tolerance. The species is annual and germinate in May-June, and green plants can be found in June. Tolypella nidifica is genarally rich fertile and oospores are found commonly from July to October. - (21 Jun 2009) -

General environment
This is a brackish species.

Common names

(as Tolypella nidifica (O.F.Müller) A.Braun)
English: Bird's Nest Stonewort (Stewart & Church 1992).

Swedish: Havsrufse (Tolstoy & Österlund 2003).

Tolypella nidifica is up to 20 cm in length, dark brownish-green in colour and unincrusted. The axis is up to 1 mm broad. The sterile branchlets are simple. The fertile whorls are forming dense heads. The branchlets are once divided, and have normally only one node (rarely two) which has 2-4 rays. The end segments are 3-5 and the end-cells are obtuse. The species is monoecious. The oogonia are clustered 2-4, globose and up to 600 µm long. The oospore is black to dark wine red and up to 500 µm long. The antheridium is less than 500 µm in diameter.

T. nidifica f. groenlandica differs from the type by having a very long unbranched terminal process, in the specimen (see photo) this is 6 cm long and 1 mm broad (Langangen 1996).

Key characteristics
End-cells obtuse, with sterile branchlets. Large plants in brackishwater.

Similar species
Tolypella glomerata. T. antarctica, T. normaniana

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Detailed conservation status with sources
(as Tolypella nidifica (O.F.Müller) A.Braun)
Data Deficient: (Stewart & Church 1992)

Key references
Arbeitsgruppe Armleuchteralgen Deutschland (Becker, R., Blindow, I., Doege, A., Franke, T., Gregor, T., Hamann, U., Jäger, D., Jorda, C., Kabus, T., Korsch, H., Korte, E., Kusber, W.-H., Pätzold, Raabe, U., Schubert, H., Teppke, M., van der Weyer K., Wolff, P.) (2015 '2016'). Beschreibung der Characeen-Arten Deutschlands. In: Armleuchteralgen. Die Characeen Deutschlands. (Arbeitsgruppe Characeen Deutschlands Lehrstuhl für Ökologie der Universität Rostock Eds), pp. 209-572. Berlin & Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag.

Borisova, O.V. (2015 '2014'). Charales. In: Algae of Ukraine: diversity, nomenclature, taxonomy, ecology and geography. Volume 4: Charophyta. (Tsarenko, P.M., Wasser, S.P. & Nevo, E. Eds), pp. 454-465. Ruggell: Koeltz Scientific Books.

Braun, A. (1857). Über Parthenogenesis bei Pflanzen. Abhandlungen der Koniglichen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1856: 311-376.

Bryant, J.A. & Stewart, N.F. (2011). Phylum Chlorophyta. Order Charales. In: The freshwater algal flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. Second edition. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 742-765. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Krause, W. (1997). Charales (Charophyceae). Vol. 18 pp. 202. Jena: Gustav Fischer.

Langangen, A. (2007). Charophytes of the Nordic countries. pp. [1]-102, many figs and maps. Oslo: Saeculum ANS.

Langangen, A., B. Hansen & H. Mann (1996). The charophytes of Greenland. Cryptogamie, Algologie 17(4): 239-257.

Leonhardi, H. von (1864). De bisher bekannten Oesterreichischen Armleuchter-Gewächse besprochen vom morphogenetischen Standpuncte Naturforschern und Philosophen. Verhandlungen des naturforschenden Vereines in Brünn 2 (Abhlandungen): 122-223.

Moore, J.A. (1986). Charophytes of Great Britain and Ireland. B.S.B.I. Handbook No. 5. Illustrated by Margaret Tebbs. Distribution maps prepared by Dorothy Green. pp. [i-ii], 1-140, 26 figs, 17 maps. London: Botanical Society of the British Isles.

Nowak, P. & Schubert, H. (2019). Genetic variability of charophyte algae in the Baltic Sea area. Botanica Marina 62(1): 75-82.

Urbaniak, J. & Gabka, M. (2014). Polish Charophytes. An illustrated guide to identification. pp. [1]-120, incl. 34 pls. Wroclaw: Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy we Wroclawiu.

Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 05 May 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 3042 times since it was created.

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(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Groves, J. & Bullock-Webster, G.R. (1917). Tolypella nidifica Leonh.. General Irish Natural History 26(8): 134-135.

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Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 23 November 2020.

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