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Acanthophora spicifera (M.Vahl) Børgesen 1910

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Ceramiales
Family Rhodomelaceae
Tribe Chondrieae
Genus Acanthophora

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Acanthophora spicifera (M.Vahl) Børgesen
Scott Reef, Western Australia. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

Acanthophora spicifera (M.Vahl) Børgesen
en su hábitat natural, en la zona Habana-Matanzas. Foto: Ángel Fernández..

Acanthophora spicifera (M.Vahl) Børgesen
3 m depth at Punta Calerita, near La Paz, Baja California Sur, Mexico. 30 Nov 2016. Frithjof C. Kuepper (fkuepper@abdn.ac.uk). © Frithjof C. Kuepper (fkuepper@abdn.ac.uk).

Acanthophora spicifera (M.Vahl) Børgesen
Palau Islands, West Pacific. Hideo Ohba. © Palau International Coral Reef Center.

Acanthophora spicifera (M.Vahl) Børgesen
Palau Islands, West Pacific. Hideo Ohba. © Palau International Coral Reef Center.

Acanthophora spicifera (M.Vahl) Børgesen
Palau Islands, West Pacific. 07 Dec 2004. Hideo Ohba. © Palau International Coral Reef Center.

Acanthophora spicifera (M.Vahl) Børgesen
Palau Islands, West Pacific, 0.5 m deep in the sun. 07 Dec 2004. Hideo Ohba. © Palau International Coral Reef Center.

Acanthophora spicifera (M.Vahl) Børgesen
1. Habit. 2. Fragment of branch with spines on branchlets. Insert: Rape cystocarp. 4. Bushy (unattached) plant in intertidal pool (My Hoa, Ninh Thuan Province, Vietnam).. 29 Feb 2012. Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova (etitlyanov@mail.ru). © Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova (etitlyanov@mail.ru).

Acanthophora spicifera (M.Vahl) Børgesen
Hawaii; scale is 5 mm. 15 Aug 2011. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

Acanthophora spicifera (M.Vahl) Børgesen
Hawaii; branch tip showing spirally arranged spinous branches; scale is 1 mm. 15 Aug 2011. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

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Publication details
Acanthophora spicifera (M.Vahl) Børgesen 1910: 201, figs 18-19

Published in: Børgesen, F. (1910). Some new or little known West Indian Florideae. II. Botanisk Tidsskrift 30: 177-207, 20 figs.

Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Acanthophora is Acanthophora thierryi J.V.Lamouroux.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Fucus spiciferus M.Vahl

Type information
Type locality: St Croix, Virgin Islands (Vahl 1802: 44). Holotype: C 1044 (Perrone et al 2006: 37). Notes: Herbarium: C? (Yoshida, 1998: 1006). According to de Jong et al. (1999: 138), the holotype (C 124/93 (nº 10)) is from Key West, Florida, but this appears to be an error (Huisman 2018: 482). The holotype consists of two dried specimens (a tetrasporophyte and a cystocarpic specimen).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus spiciferus M.Vahl 1802

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Acanthophora orientalis f. wightii (J.Agardh) Sonder
Fucus acanthophorus J.V.Lamouroux 1805
Acanthophora thierryi J.V.Lamouroux 1813
Chondria acanthophora C.Agardh 1822
Cystoseira acanthophora (J.V.Lamouroux) Chiaje 1829
Acanthophora orientalis J.Agardh 1863
Acanthophora wightii J.Agardh 1863
Acanthophora intermedia H.L.Crouan & P.M.Crouan 1865
Acanthophora antillarum Montagne ex Kützing 1865
Acanthophora thierryi f. gracilis P.Crouan & H.Crouan 1878
Acanthophora orientalis var. wightii (J.Agardh) Sonder 1879
Acanthophora spicifera f. wightii (J.Agardh) Weber Bosse 1923
Acanthophora spicifera f. orientalis (J.Agardh) Weber Bosse 1923
Acanthophora spicifera var. orientalis (J.Agardh) Zaneveld 1956

Usage notes
Eaten in Tahiti (Payri, N’Yeurt & Orempuller, 2000).

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Acanthophora spicifera (M.Vahl) Børgesen)
Indonesian: Boeloeng, Bideng (Chapman & Chapman 1980).

Common names used in commerce, often for edible algae
red alga {Eng}; bulung tombong bideng {Malay}; culot {Ilo}

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Fucus spiciferus M.Vahl)
Caribbean Islands: St Croix (Perrone et al 2006).

Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Fucus acanthophorus J.V.Lamouroux)
Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Acanthophora thierryi J.V.Lamouroux)
Caribbean Islands: Guadeloupe (Perrone et al 2006).

South America: Argentina (Pujals 1963).

South-west Asia: Sri Lanka (Perrone et al 2006).

Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

Pacific Islands: Central Polynesia (Tsuda & Walsh 2013).

(as Acanthophora orientalis J.Agardh)
South-east Asia: Singapore (Teo & Wee 1983).

Asia: Japan (Segawa 1981), Taiwan (Lewis & Norris 1987, Shao 2003-2014).

(as Acanthophora wightii J.Agardh)
Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Acanthophora intermedia H.L.Crouan & P.M.Crouan)
Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Acanthophora thierryi f. gracilis P.Crouan & H.Crouan)
Caribbean Islands: Cuba (de Jong, Hitipeuw & Prud'Homme van Reine 1999).

(as Acanthophora orientalis var. wightii (J.Agardh) Sonder)
Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Acanthophora spicifera (M.Vahl) Børgesen)
Atlantic Islands: Bermuda (Taylor 1960, Schneider & Searles 1991, Schneider 2003).

North America: Florida (Taylor 1960, Schneider & Searles 1991, Littler, Littler & Hanisak 2008), Mexico (Taylor 1960, Pedroche & Sentíes 2020), Mexico (Atlantic) (Taylor 1972, Mendoza-González, Mateo-Cid & García-López 2017, Núñez Resendiz & al. 2019, Ek García-García & al. 2020), Texas (Wynne 2009, Lehman 2013).

Central America: Belize (Norris & Bucher 1982, Littler & Littler 1997), Costa Rica (Taylor 1960), El Salvador (Fernández-García & al. 2011), Guatemala (Taylor 1960), Panama (Taylor 1960, Fernández-García & al. 2011).

Caribbean Islands: Bahamas (Taylor 1960), Barbados (Taylor 1960, Taylor 1969), Caicos Islands (Taylor 1960), Caribbean (Littler & Littler 2000), Cayman Islands (Perrone et al 2006), Cuba (Taylor 1960, de Jong, Hitipeuw & Prud'Homme van Reine 1999, Cabrera, Moreira & Suárez 2004, Suárez 2005, Castellanos González, Moreira González & León Pérez 2012, Suárez, Martínez-Daranas & Alfonso 2014, Cabrera & al. 2020), Hispaniola (Taylor 1960), Jamaica (Taylor 1960), Lesser Antilles (Taylor 1960, Taylor 1969), Martinique (Rodríguez-Prieto, Michanek & Ivon 1999, Delnatte & Wynne 2016), Netherlands Antilles (Taylor 1960), Puerto Rico (Taylor 1960, de Jong, Hitipeuw & Prud'Homme van Reine 1999, Ballantine & al. 2015), Trinidad & Tobago (Taylor 1960, Richardson 1975, Duncan & Lee Lum 2006), Virgin Islands (Taylor 1960).

Western Atlantic: Trop. & Subtrop. W. Atlantic (Wynne 2017).

South America: Aves (Taylor 1960), Brazil (Taylor 1930, Joly 1957, Taylor 1960, Joly 1965, Oliveira Filho 1977, Falcão & Menezes de Széchy 2005, Lourenço & al. 2005, Perrone et al 2006, Castelar et al. 2009, Castelar et al. 2009, Briani & al. 2018), Colombia (Taylor 1960), Venezuela (Taylor 1960, Ganesan 1990).

Africa: Angola (Price, John & Lawson 1986, John & al. 2004), Bioko (Price, John & Lawson 1986), Cameroon (Price, John & Lawson 1986, Lawson & John 1987, John, Lawson & Ameka, 2003, John & al. 2004), Eritrea (Ateweberhan & Prud'homme van Reine 2005), Gabon (Price, John & Lawson 1986, John, Lawson & Ameka, 2003, John & al. 2004), Guinea-Bissau (Welten, Audiffred & Prud'homme van Reine 2002, Welten, Audiffred & Prud'homme van Reine 2002, John, Lawson & Ameka, 2003), Kenya (Silva & al. 1996, Bolton, Oyieke & Gwanda 2007), Madagascar (Silva & al. 1996, de Jong, Hitipeuw & Prud'Homme van Reine 1999), Mauritania (John & al. 2004), Mauritius (Børgesen 1945, Silva & al. 1996), Mozambique (Silva & al. 1996, Bandeira, António & Critchley 2001), São Tomé & Príncipe (Price, John & Lawson 1986, John, Lawson & Ameka, 2003, John & al. 2004), Senegal (Price, John & Lawson 1986, John & al. 2004), Sierra Leone (Price, John & Lawson 1986, Lawson & John 1987, John, Lawson & Ameka, 2003, John & al. 2004), South Africa (Silva & al. 1996), Sudan (Osman & Mohammed 2016), Tanzania (incl. Zanzibar) (Silva & al. 1996, Oliveira, Österlund & Mtolera 2005).

Indian Ocean Islands: Aldabra Islands (Silva & al. 1996), Andaman Islands (Silva & al. 1996), Laccadive Islands (Silva & al. 1996), Maldives (Silva & al. 1996), Nicobar Islands (Silva & al. 1996), Réunion (Silva & al. 1996), Seychelles (Silva & al. 1996, de Jong, Hitipeuw & Prud'Homme van Reine 1999).

Middle East: Bahrain (Silva & al. 1996), Egypt (Issa et al. 2014), Iran (Silva & al. 1996, Sohrabipour & Rabii 1999, Kokabi & Yousefzadi 2015), Kuwait (Silva & al. 1996), Oman (Silva & al. 1996, Wynne 2018), Saudi Arabia (Silva & al. 1996), Yemen (Silva & al. 1996).

South-west Asia: Arabian Gulf (John & Al-Thani 2014), Bangladesh (Silva & al. 1996, Ahmed & al. 2009), Goa (Pereira & Almeida 2014), India (Silva & al. 1996, Sahoo et al. 2001, Athiperumalsami et al. 2010, Rao & Gupta 2015), Pakistan (Silva & al. 1996), Sri Lanka (Børgesen 1936, Silva & al. 1996, Coppejans & al. 2009).

South-east Asia: Indonesia (Verheij & Prud'homme van Reine 1993, Silva & al. 1996, de Jong, Hitipeuw & Prud'Homme van Reine 1999, Atmadja & Prud'homme van Reine 2012), Malaysia (Silva & al. 1996), Myanmar (Burma) (Silva & al. 1996, Hlaing Hlaing Htoon & Soe-Htun, Myo Min Tun & Soe-Htun 2014), Philippines (Silva, Meñez & Moe 1987, Kraft et al. 1999, de Jong, Hitipeuw & Prud'Homme van Reine 1999, Perrone et al 2006, Liao, Belleza & Gerldino 2013, Ang, Sin Man Leung & Mei Mei Choi 2014, Beringuela et al. 2020), Singapore (Teo & Wee 1983, Silva & al. 1996, Pham & al. 2011), Thailand (Coppejans & al. 2011, Tsutsui & al. 2012), Vietnam (Pham-Hoàng 1969, Kristiansen & Lind 1995, Abbott, Fisher & McDermid 2002, Tsutsui et al. 2005, Titlyanov et al. 2011, Titlyanov & Titlyanov 2012, Nguyen et al. 2013, Titlyanov, Titlyanova & Belous 2015).

Asia: China (Tseng 1984, Liu 2008), China (Hainan Island) (Titlyanova, Titlyanov & Kalita 2014, Titlyanov & al. 2015, Titlyanov & al. 2015, Titlyanov & al. 2016), Japan (Yoshida, Nakajima & Nakata 1990, Yoshida, Suzuki & Yoshinaga 2015), South China Sea (Phang & al. 2016), Taiwan (Huang 2000, Shao 2003-2014), Yonaguni Island (Titlyanov & al. 2016).

Australia and New Zealand: Australia (Huisman 2019), Houtman Abrolhos (Huisman 1997), Lord Howe Island (Millar & Kraft 1993, Huisman 2000), Northern Territory (Womersley 1958, de Jong, Hitipeuw & Prud'Homme van Reine 1999), Papua New Guinea (Coppejans & Millar 2000), Queensland (Lewis 1984, Cribb 1996, Phillips 1997, Phillips 2002), Western Australia (Huisman 2000, Huisman & Borowitzka 2003, Huisman 2008, Huisman & al. 2009, Huisman 2018).

Pacific Islands: American Samoa (Skelton & South 2007), Central Polynesia (Tsuda & Walsh 2013), Federated States of Micronesia (Lobban & Tsuda 2003, Lobban & Tsuda 2003, Tsuda 2006), Fiji (N'Yeurt, South & Keats 1996, South & Skelton 2003, Skelton & South 2007), French Polynesia (Pari & N'Yeurt 1999, Payri, N'Yeurt & Orempuller 2000, Skelton & South 2007, N'Yeurt & Payri 2010), Guam (Lobban & Tsuda 2003), Hawaiian Islands (Magruder & Hunt 1979, Abbott 1999, de Jong, Hitipeuw & Prud'Homme van Reine 1999, Smith, Hunter & Smith 2002, Perrone et al 2006, Skelton & South 2007, Huisman, Abbott & Smith 2007 ), Mariana Islands (Tsuda 2003), New Caledonia (de Jong, Hitipeuw & Prud'Homme van Reine 1999, Payri 2007), Republic of Palau (Ohba et al 2007), Samoa (Skelton & South 2007), Samoan Archipelago (Skelton & South 1999), Solomon Islands (Womersley & Bailey 1970, de Jong, Hitipeuw & Prud'Homme van Reine 1999, Littler & Littler 2003).

(as Acanthophora spicifera f. wightii (J.Agardh) Weber Bosse)
Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Acanthophora spicifera f. orientalis (J.Agardh) Weber Bosse)
Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. II. pp. [2], 763-1504. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Dawes, C.J. & Mathieson, A.C. (2008). The seaweeds of Florida. pp. [i]- viii, [1]-591, [592], pls I-LI. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida.

Huisman, J.M. (2018). Algae of Australia. Marine benthic algae of north-western Australia. 2. Red algae. pp. [i]-xii, 1-672, 189 figs. Canberra & Melbourne: ABRS & CSIRO Publishing.

Huisman, J.M. (2019). Marine plants of Australia Revised edition. pp. [i]-xviii, [1]-435, numerous col. figs. Crawley Western Australia: UWA Publishing.

Huisman, J.M., Abbott, I.A., Smith, C.M. (2007). Hawaiian reef plants. pp. [1]-264, numerous colour photographs. Honolulu: A publication of the University of Hawai'i Sea Grant College Program.

Jong, Y.S.D.M. de, Hitipeuw, C. & Prud'Homme van Reine, W.F. (1999). A taxonomic, phylogenetic and biogeographic study of the genus Acanthophora (Rhodomelaceae, Rhodophyta). Blumea 44: 217-249.

Núñez Resendiz, M.L., Dreckmann, K.M., Sentíes, A., Wynne, M.J. Tejera, H.L. (2019). Marine red algae (Rhodophyta) of economic use in the algal drifts from the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico. Phytotaxa 387(3): 219-240, 3 tables, 64 figs.

Perrone, C., Cecere, E. & Furnari, G. (2006). Growth pattern assessment in the genus Acanthophora (Rhodophyta, Ceramiales). Phycologia 45: 37-43.

Skelton, P.A. & South, G.R. (2007). The benthic marine algae of the Samoan Archipelago, South Pacific, with emphasis on the Apia District. Nova Hedwigia Beihefte 132: 1-350.

Suárez, A.M., Martínez-Daranas, B. & Alfonso, Y. (2015). Macroalgas marinas de Cuba. pp. [1]-264, 229 figs. La Habana [Havana]: UH [Universidad de La Habana] Editorial.

Titlyanov, E.A. & Titlyanov, T.V. (2012). Marine plants of the Asian Pacific Region countries, their use and cultivation. pp. [1]-376, many col. photographs. Vladivostok: Dalnauka & A.V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. [in Russian]

Xia Bangmei [Xia, B.-M.] (2011). Flora algarum marinarum sinicarum Tomus II Rhodophyta No. VII Ceramiales Rhodomelaceae. pp. [i]-xxi, 1-212, pls I-XIII. Beijing: Science Press.

Yamagishi, Y., Masuda, M., Abe, T., Uwai, S., Kogame, K., Kawaguchi, S. & Phang, S.M. (2003). Taxonomic notes on marine algae from Malaysia. XI. Four species of Rhodophyceae. Botanica Marina 46: 534-547.

Zemke-White, W.L. & Ohno, M. (1999). World seaweed utilisation: an end-of-century summary. Journal of Applied Phycology 11: 369-376.

Created: 27 January 1998 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 17 January 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 20600 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Buchan-Antalan, T.A. & Trono, G.C., Jr (1983). The morphology, growth and seasonality in the reproductive states of Acanthophora spicifera (Vahl) Boergesen in Bacoor Bay. Natural and Applied Science Bulletin, University of the Philippines 35: 17-27, 5 figs.
Cajipe, G.J.B., Laserna, E.C., Veroy, R.L. & Luistro, A.H. (1980). On the infrared spectrum of a polysaccharide obtained by alkaline extraction of the red alga Acanthophora spicifera (Vahl) Boergesen. Botanica Marina 23: 69-70, 2 figs.
De Oliveira Filho, E.C. (1967). On the development of tetraspores of Acanthophora spicifera (Rhodomelaceae - Rhodophyta). Botânica 22(305): 195-206.
Kilar, J.A. & McLachlan, J. (1986). Branching morphology as an indicator of environmental disturbance: testing the vegetative fragmentation of Acanthophora spicifera and the turf morphology of Laurencia papillosa. Aquatic Botany 24: 115-130.
Russell, D.J. (1992). The ecological invasion of Hawaiian reefs by two marine red algae, Acanthophora spicifera (Vahl.) Boerg. and Hypnea musciformis (Wulfen) J. Ag. and their association with two native species, Laurencia nidfica J. Ag. and Hypnea cervicornis J. Ag.. In: Introductions and Transfers of Aquatic Species. (Sinderman, C., Steinmetz, B. & Herschbergen, W. Eds), pp. 110-125. Halifax, N.S.: ICES Marine Science Symp.,.
Tsuda, R.T., Coles, S.L., Guinter, E.B. & Finlay, R.A.O. (2008). Acanthophora spicifera (Rhodophyta: Rhodomelaceae) in the Marshall Islands. Micron 40(1/2): 245-252.
Wahidulla, S., D'Souza, L. & Kamat, S.Y. (1986). Chemical constituents of the red alga Acanthophora spicifera. Botanica Marina 29: 49-50.

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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 26 January 2021.

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