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Gonyaulax verior Sournia 1973

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Subkingdom Harosa (supergroup SAR)
Infrakingdom Halvaria
Phylum Miozoa
Subphylum Myzozoa
Infraphylum Dinozoa
Superclass Dinoflagellata
Class Dinophyceae
Order Gonyaulacales
Family Gonyaulacaceae
Genus Gonyaulax

 

Publication details
Gonyaulax verior Sournia 1973: 34

Published in: Sournia, A. (1973). Catalogue des espèces et taxons infraspécifiques de Dinoflagellés marins actuels. I. Dinoflagelles libres. Beihefte Nova Hedwigia 48: 1-92.

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Gonyaulax is Gonyaulax spinifera (Claparède & Lachmann) Diesing.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Sourniaea diacantha (Meunier) H.Gu., K.N.Mertens, Zhun Li & H.H.Shin

Type information
Belgium: near Nieuport (Amylax diacantha Meunier)

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

Nomenclatural notes
Amylax diacantha Meurnier 1919: 74 but priority for G. diacantha Athanassopontos 1931: 8 (Index Nominum Algarum). According to Zonneveld & Dale (1994: 361), the authority for G. verior is (Meunier) Sournia. - (4 Jul 2011) - Wendy Guiry

Distributional notes
European Atlantic to the Caspian Sea and Pacific Ocean (Zhang et al., 2020). - (22 May 2020) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Gonyaulax verior Sournia)
Atlantic Islands: Canary Islands (Gil-Rodríguez et al. 2003, Anon. 2011, Afonso-Carrillo 2014), Madeira (Kaufmann, Santos & Maranhão 2015).

Europe: Adriatic Sea (Vilicic, Marasovic & Miokovic 2002), Baltic Sea (Hällfors 2004), Black Sea (Goméz & Boicenco 2004, BSPC Editorial Board 2014, Krakhmalnyi et al. 2018, Zotov 2018), Britain (Parke & Dixon 1976, Dodge 1981), Croatia (Vilicic et al. 2009), Helgoland (Kraberg & al. 2019), Mediterranean (Gómez 2003), Netherlands (Veen & al. 2015), Norway (Zonneveld & Dale 1994), Portugal (Moita & Vilarinho 1999), Scandinavia (Karlason & al. 2018), Sweden (Lundholm et al. 2011 ).

North America: Mexico (Atlantic) (Merino-Virgilio & al. 2013), Mexico (Pacific) (Okolodkov & Gárate Lizárraga 2006, Torres-Ariño & al. 2019).

South America: Brazil (Odebrecht 2010), Colombia (Lozano-Duque & al. 2011).

Middle East: Turkey (Taskin (ed.) & al. 2019).

Asia: China (Liu 2008), Russia (Far East) (Shevchenko & al. 2019), Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

Australia and New Zealand: Australia (McCarthy 2013).

World: World (Gómez 2005).

Source of current name
Zhang, W., Li,Z., Mertens, K.N., Derrien, A., Pospelova, V., Carbonell-Moore, M.C., Bagheri, S., Matsuoka, K., Shin, H.H. & Gu, H. (2020). Reclassification of Gonyaulax verior (Gonyaulacales, Dinophyceae) as Sourniaea diacantha gen. et comb. nov.. Phycologia 59: [1-15] 246-260.

Key references
Dodge, J.D. (1982). Marine dinoflagellates of the British Isles. pp. 1-303, 35 figs, pls I-VIII. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office.

Dodge, J.D. (1985). Atlas of dinoflagellates. A scanning electron microscope survey. pp. [i]-vii, [1]-119. Farrand Press.

Steidinger, K.A. & Tangen, K. (1996). Dinoflagellates. In: Identifying Marine Phytoplankton. (Tomas, C.R. Eds), pp. 387-584. San Diego: Academic Press.

Zonneveld, K.A.F. & Dale, B. (1994). The cyst-motile stage relationships of Protoperidinium monospinum (Paulsen) Zonneveld et Dale comb. nov. and Gonyaulax verior (Dinophyta, Dinophyceae) from the Oslo Fjord (Norway). Phycologia 33: 359-368, 11 figs.

Created: 07 May 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 21 May 2020 by G.M. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 2074 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Matsuoka, K., Fukuyo, Y. & Anderson, D.M. (1988). The cyst and theca of Gonyaulax verior Sournia (Dinophyceae) and their implication for the systematics of the genus Gonyaulax. Japanese Journal of Phycology 36: 311-320.
Zhang, W., Li,Z., Mertens, K.N., Derrien, A., Pospelova, V., Carbonell-Moore, M.C., Bagheri, S., Matsuoka, K., Shin, H.H. & Gu, H. (2020). Reclassification of Gonyaulax verior (Gonyaulacales, Dinophyceae) as Sourniaea diacantha gen. et comb. nov.. Phycologia 59: [1-15] 246-260.
Zonneveld, K.A.F. & Dale, B. (1994). The cyst-motile stage relationships of Protoperidinium monospinum (Paulsen) Zonneveld et Dale comb. nov. and Gonyaulax verior (Dinophyta, Dinophyceae) from the Oslo Fjord (Norway). Phycologia 33: 359-368, 11 figs.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=52328

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
G.M. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 12 April 2021.

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