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Chroococcus turgidus (Kützing) Nägeli 1849

Classification:
Empire Prokaryota
Kingdom Eubacteria
Subkingdom Negibacteria
Phylum Cyanobacteria
Class Cyanophyceae
Subclass Oscillatoriophycidae
Order Chroococcales
Family Chroococcaceae
Genus Chroococcus

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Chroococcus turgidus (Kützing) Nägeli
Glen Doll, Angus, Scotland, in Sphagnum. 05 Aug 2009. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Chroococcus turgidus (Kützing) Nägeli
Roundstone Bog, Connemara, Co. Galway, Ireland. 17 Sep 2005. Fabio Rindi. © Fabio Rindi (f.rindi@univpm.it).

Chroococcus turgidus (Kützing) Nägeli
Roundstone Bog, Connemara, Co. Galway, Ireland. In bog pool. 17 Sep 2005. Fabio Rindi. © Fabio Rindi (f.rindi@univpm.it).

Chroococcus turgidus (Kützing) Nägeli
Roundstone Bog, Connemara, Co. Galway, Ireland. In bogpool. 17 Sep 2005. Fabio Rindi. © Fabio Rindi (f.rindi@univpm.it).

 

Chroococcus turgidus (Kützing) Nägeli Roundstone Bog, Connemara, Co. Galway, Ireland. In bogpool
© Fabio Rindi (f.rindi@univpm.it)

Publication details
Chroococcus turgidus (Kützing) Nägeli 1849: 46

Published in: Nägeli, C. (1849). Gattungen einzelliger Algen, physiologisch und systematisch bearbeitet. Neue Denkschriften der Allg. Schweizerischen Gesellschaft für die Gesammten Naturwissenschaften 10(7): i-viii, 1-139, pls I-VIII.
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Publication date: before July 1849

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Chroococcus is Chroococcus rufescens (Kützing) Nägeli.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Protococcus turgidus Kützing

Type information
Type locality: ‘"Zwischen Oscillarieen und Lyngbyeen’" [Freidburg im Breisgau, Baden-Württemberg, Germany fide Drouet & Daily, 1956: 70]) (Silva & al. 1996: 13). Holotype: L (Index Nominum Algarum

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Protococcus turgidus Kützing 1846
Gloeocapsa turgida (Kützing) Hollerbach 1937

Taxonomic notes
Reports from marine habitats refer to other species. - (16 Jul 2014) - M.D. Guiry

Habitat notes
A widespread species in moist terrestrial habitats, sometimes frequent among wetter Sphagnum communities and among submerged macrophytes in shallow lakes and pools of a wide pH, hardness and nutrient range, though most frequent in oligotrophic or mesotrophic, slightly humic waters, and apparently absent from eutrophic waters; also in brackish ponds and saltmarshes (Whitton in John et al. 2002). - (4 Jul 2012) - Wendy Guiry

Usage notes
Toxic (Mohamed & Al-Shehri, 2015). - (30 Jul 2015) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a freshwater species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Chu, H.J. (1991). Flora algarum sinicarum aquae dulcis Tomus II Chroococcophyceae. pp. [i-vi], i-vi, 1-161, 42 pls. Beijing: Science Press.

Desikachary, T.V. (1959). Cyanophyta. pp. [i]-x, [1]-686, pls 1-139. New Delhi: Indian Council of Agricultural Research.

Geitler, L. (1932). Cyanophyceae. In: Kryptogamen-Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz. Ed. 2. (Rabenhorst, L. Eds) Vol. 14, pp. 673-1196, i-[vi]. Leipzig: Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft.

Hirose, H., Yamagishi, T. & Akiyama, M. (1977). Illustrations of the Japanese fresh-water algae. pp. [8 col. pls], [1]-933, 244 pls in text. Tokyo: Uchida Rokakuho Publishing Co., Ltd. [in Japanese]

Huber-Pestalozzi, G. (1938). Das Phytoplankton des Süßwassers. Systematik und Biologie. 1. Teil. Blaualgen. Bakterien. Pilze. In: Die Binnengewässer. Einzeldarstellungen aus der Limnologie und ihren Nachbargebieten Band 16, 1 . Teil. (Thienemann, A. Eds), pp. 1-342. Stuttgart: Schweizerbart.

Husna, R., Zarina, A., Masud-ul-Hasan & Shameel, M. (2005). Taxonomic study of Cyanophyta from Lahore, Pakistan: I. Class Chroocophyceae Shameel. Int. J. Phycol. Phycochem. 1(2): 143-150.

Komárek, J. & Anagnostidis, K. (1999). Cyanoprokaryota. 1. Chroococcales. In: Süßwasserflora von Mitteleuropa. Begründet von A. Pascher. Band 19/1. (Ettl, H., Gärtner, G., Heynig, H. & Mollenhauer, D. Eds), pp. 1-548. Heidelberg & Berlin: Spektrum, Akademischer Verlag.

Komárek, J. & Novelo, E. (1994). Little known tropical Chroococcus species (Cyanoprokaryotes). Málo známé tropické druhy z rodu Chroococcus (Cyanoprokaryota). Preslia (Praha) 66: 1-21.

McGregor, G. (2013). Freshwater Cyanobacteria from North-Eastern Australia: 2. Chroococcales. Phytotaxa 133: 1-130.

Pankow, H. (1976). Algenflora der Ostsee. II. Plankton (einschliesslich benthischer Kieselalgen). pp. 1-493, 880 figs, 26 pls. Jena: Gustav Fischer.

Park, J.-G. (2012). Algal flora of Korea. Volume 5, Number 2 Cyanophyta: Cyanophyceae: Chroococcales, Oscillatoriales. Freshwater Cyanoprokaryota II. pp. [1-6], 1-108, figs 1-56. Incheon: National Institute of Biological Resources.

Silva, P.C., Basson, P.W. & Moe, R.L. (1996). Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean. University of California Publications in Botany 79: [i]-xiv, 1-1259.

Silva, S.M.F. & Pienaar, R.N. (2000). Some benthic marine cyanophyceae of Mauritius. Botanica Marina 43: 11-27, 86 figs.

Toepel, J., Langner, U. & Wilhelm, C. (2005). Combination of flow cytometry and single cell absorption spectroscopy to study the phytoplankton structure and to calculate the chl a specific absorption coefficients at the taxon level. Journal of Phycology 41(6): 1099-1109.

Whitton, B.A. (2002). Phylum Cyanophyta (Cyanobacteria). In: The Freshwater Algal Flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 25-122. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Whitton, B.A. (2011). Cyanobacteria (Cyanophyta). In: The freshwater algal flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. Second edition. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 31-158. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Xia Bangmei [Xia, B.-M.] (2017). Flora algarum marinarum sinicarum Tomus I Cyanophyta. pp. [1-8], i-xix, 1-176, pls I-IV. Beijing: Science Press. [in Chinese]

Created: 03 August 2000 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 30 August 2019 by M.D. Guiry

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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 25 October 2021.

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