159,656 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,560 images, 62,370 bibliographic items, 465,338 distributional records.

Species References

Zostera marina Linnaeus

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Boese, B.L. & Robbins B.D. (2008). Effects of erosion and macroalgae on intertidal eelgrass (Zostera marina in a northeastern Pacific estuary (USA). Botanica Marina 51(4): 247-257.
Boese, B.L., Robbins, B.D. & Thursby, G. (2005). Desiccation is a limiting factor for eelgrass (Zostera marina L.) distribution in the intertidal zone of a northeastern Pacific (USA) estuary. Botanica Marina 48: 274-283.
Borum, J. (1987). Dynamics of epiphyton on eelgrass (Zostera marina L.) leaves: relative roles of algal growth, herbivory, and substratum turnover. Limnology and Oceanography 32: 986-992.
Brauner, J.F. (1975). The seasonality of epiphytic algae on Zostera marina at Beaufort, North Carolina. Nova Hedwigia 26: 125-133.
Choi, T.S., Kim, K.Y., Lee, B.-G. & Lee, J.-S. (2005). Preliminary study on the toxicity and transfer of heavy metals and trybutyltin to seagrass Zostera marina. Algae 20(2): 157-166, 5 figs, 1 table. [in Korean]
Coleman, V.L. & Burkholder, J.M. (1995). Response of microalgal epiphyte communities to nitrate enrichment in an eelgrass (Zostera marina) meadow. Journal of Phycology 31: 36-43, 5 figs, 1 table.
Cullinane, J., O'Mahony, J. & Whelan, P. (1985). Algal epiphytes of subtidal Zostera marina L. on the south coast of Ireland. Cryptogamie, Algologie 6: 239-251.
Curiel, D., Rismondo, A., Scarton, F. & Marzocchi, M. (1997). Flowering of Zostera marina in the Lagoon of Venice (North Adriatic, Italy). Botanica Marina 40: 101-105.
Dawes, C.J. & Guiry, M.D. (1992). Proximate constituents in the sea-grass Zostera marina and Z. noltii: seasonal changes and the effects of blade removal. P.S.Z.N.I.: Marine Ecology 13(4): 307-315.
Den Hartog, C., Vergeer, L.H.T. & Rismondo, A.F. (1996). Occurrence of Labyrinthula zosterae in Zostera marina from Venice Lagoon. Botanica Marina 39: 23-26.
Dennison, W.C. & Alberte, R.S. (1986). Photoadaptation and growth of Zostera marina L. (eelgrass) transplants along a depth gradient. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 98: 265-282.
Echavarria-Heras, H., Solana-Arellano, E., Leal-Ramirez, C. & Vizcaino, E.F. (2013). An allometric method fro measuring leaf growth in eelgrass, Zostera marina, using leaf length data. Botanica Marina 56(3): 275-286.
Felger, R. & Moser, M.B. (1973). Eelgrass (Zostera marina L.) in the Gulf of California: discovery of its nutritional value by the Seri Indians. Science 181: 355-356.
Fredriksen, S. & Christie, H. (2003). Zostera marina (Angiospermae) and Fucus serratus (Phaeophyceae) as habitat for flora and fauna - seasonal and local variation . Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 17: 357-364.
Gagnon, P.S., Vadas, R.L., Burdick, D.B. & May, B. (1980). Genetic identity of annual and perennial forms of Zostera marina L.. Aquatic Botany 8: 157-162.
García Redondo, V.. (2019). Biodiversidad y conservación de las praderas de Zostera marina en el noroeste ibérico: enfoque biológico y ficológico.. .
García-Redondo, V., Bárbara, I. & Díaz Tapia, P. (2017). Las praderas de Zostera marina L. del Parque Nacional Marítimo Terrestre de las Islas Atlánticas de Galicia y territorios adyacentes: distribución, abundancia y flora asociada. Nova Acta Cientifica Compostelana (Bioloxía) 24: 1-12.
García-Redondo, V., Bárbara, I. & Díaz-Tapia, P. (2019). Zostera marina meadows in the northwestern Spain: distributions, characteristics and anthropogenic pressures. Biodiversity and Conservation 28(7): 1743-1757.
García-Redondo, V., Bárbara, I. & Díaz-Tapia, P. (2019). Biodiversity of epiphytic macroalgae (Chlorophyta, Ochrophyta, and Rhodophyta) on leaves of Zostera marina in the northwestern Iberian Peninsula . Anales del Jardín Botánico de Madrid 76(1): e078.
Gonzalez, N. (1976). Contribucion al estudio del epifitismo en Zostera marina L. (Zosteraceae) en la Playa de las Canteras (Gran Canaria). Botanica Macronesica 2: 59-67.
Guidetti, P. (2000). Temporal dynamics of Zostera marina L. off the Lagoon of Grado (Northern adriatic sea, Italy). Botanica Marina 43: 541-546.
Güven, K.C., Saygi, N. & Öztürk, B. (1993). Survey of metal contents of Bosphorus algae, Zostera marina and sediments. Botanica Marina 36: 175-178, 1 fig, 2 tables.
Hamburg, S.P. & Homann, P.S. (1986). Ultilization of growth parameters of ellgrass, Zostera marina, for productivity estimation under laboratory and in situ conditions. Marine Biology, Berlin 93: 299-303.
Harrison, P.G. & Chan, A.T. (1980). Inhibition of the growth of micro-algae and bacteria by extracts of eelgrass (Zostera marina) leaves. Marine Biology, Berlin 61: 21-26.
Harrison, P.G. & Durance, C.D. (1985). Reductions in photosynthetic carbon uptake in epiphytic diatoms by water-soluble extracts of leaves of Zostera marina. Marine Biology, Berlin 90: 117-119.
Harrison, P.G. (1978). Growth of Ulva fenestrata (Chlorophyta) in microcosms rich in Zostera marina (Anthophyta) detritus. Journal of Phycology 14: 100-103.
Harrison, P.G. (1982). Comparative growth of Zostera japonica Aschers. & Graebn. and Z. marina L. under simulated intertidal and subtidal conditions. Aquatic Botany 14: 373-379.
Harrison, P.G. (1982). Spatial and temporal patterns in abundance of two intertidal seagrasses, Zostera americana Den Hartog and Zostera marina L.. Aquatic Botany 12: 305-320.
Heck, K.L., Jr & Orth, R.J. (1980). Structural components of eelgrass (Zostera marina) meadows in the lower Chesapeake Bay - decapod crustacea. Estuaries 3: 289-295.
Homziak, J., Fonseca, M.S. & Kenworthy, W.J. (1982). Macrobenthic community structure in a transplanted eelgrass (Zostera marina) meadow. Marine Ecology Progress Series 9: 211-221.
Johnson, M.P., Edwards, M., Bunker, F. & Maggs, C.A. (2005). Algal epiphytes of Zostera marina: variation in assemblage structure from individual leaves to regional scale. Aquatic Botany 82: 12-26.
Jorgensen, N.M. & Bekkby, T. (2013). Historical and present distribution of Zostera marina in the high north (Troms County, northern Norway) - a decline over the last century. Botanica Marina 56(5/6): 425-430.
Kelly, J.R. & Volpe, J. P. (2007). Native eelgrass (Zostera marina L.) survival and growth adjacent to non-native oysters (Crassostrea gigas Thunberg) in the Strait of Georgia, British Columbia. Botanica Marina 50(3): 143-150.
Kentula, M.E. & McIntire, C.D. (1986). The autecology and production dynamics of eelgrass (Zostera marina L.) in Netarts Bay, Oregon. Estuaries 9: 188-199.
Kim, D.-H., Park, J.-H. & Shin, J.-A. (2004). A preliminary study on growth and habitat characteristics of Zostera marina (Zosteraceae) in Gamak Bay, Yeosu. Algae 18(1): 49-57, 5 figs, 3 tables.
Kim, K., Kim, J.-h. & Kim, K.Y. (2008). Using a digital echosounder to estimate eelgrass (Zostera marina L.) cover and biomass in Kwangyang Bay. Algae 23(1): 83-90, 5 figs, 1 table. [in Korean]
Kim, K.Y. & Choi, T.S. (2004). Variability in abundance and morphological attributes of Zostera marina L. from the southern coast of Korea. Botanica Marina 47: 287-294, 5 figs, 3 tables.
Kim, T.H., Park, S.R., Kim, Y.K., Kim, J.-H., Kim, S.H., Kim, J.H., Chung, I.K. & Lee, K.S. (2008). Growth dynamics and carbon incorporation of the seagrass, Zostera marina L. in Jindong Bay and Gamak Bay on the southern coast of Korea. Algae 23(3): 241-250, 7 figs, 3 tables. [in Korean]
Lee K.-S., Park, J.-I., Chung, I.K., Kang, D.W. & Huh, S.-H. (2004). Production ecology of the seagrass Zostera marina in Jingdong Bay, Korea. Algae 18(1): 39-47, 10 figs.
Lee, K.S. (2004). Development of indicator for coastal and estuarine eutrophication using morphological characteristics and tissue N content of Eelgrass, Zostera marina. Algae 19(2): 129-137, 10 figs.
Li, W.-T. & Lee, K.-S. (2010). Adaptation success of Zostera marina to a new transplant environment. Algae 25(1): 27-35, 7 figs, 1 table.
Lin, H.-J., Nixon, S.W., Taylor, D.I., Granger, S.L. & Buckley, B.A. (1996). Responses of epiphytes on eelgrass, Zostera marina L., to separate and combined nitrogen and phosphorus enrichment. Aquatic Botany 52(4): 243-258.
Lyngby, J.E. & Brix, H. (1982). Seasonal and environmental variations in cadmium, copper, lead and zinc concentrations n eelgrass (Zostera marina L.) in the Limfjord, Denmark. Aquatic Botany 14: 59-74.
Lynn, M.J. (1936). The scarcity of Zostera marina (slitch, eelgrass or grass-wrack) in Stangford Lough. Irish Naturalists' Journal 6: 107-117.
Markham, J.W. & Munda, I.M. (1977). A find of Zostera marina L. at Helgoland, Germany. Aquatic Botany 3: 91-93.
Mazzella, L. & Alberte, R.S. (1986). Light adaptation and the role of autotrophic epiphytes in primary production of the temperate seagrass, Zostera marina L.. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 100: 165-180.
Mazzella, L., Mauzerall, D., Lyman, H. & Alberte, R.S. (1981). Protoplast isolation and photosynthetic characteristics of Zostera marina L. (Eel Grass). Botanica Marina 24: 285-289.
McConnaughey, T. & McRoy, C.P. (1979). 13C label identifies eelgrass (Zostera marina) carbon in an Alaskan estuarine food web. Marine Biology, Berlin 53: 263-269.
McRoy, C. P. (1970). Standing stocks and other features of eelgrass (Zostera marina) populations on the coast of Alaska. . : [1]+ 40 pp.. [in English]
McRoy, C.P. & Goering, J.J. (1974). Nutrient transfer between the seagrass Zostera marina and its epiphytes. Nature, London 248: 173-174.
McRoy, C.P. (1968). The distribution and biogeography of Zostera marina (Eelgrass) in Alaska. Pacific Science 22: 507-513.
McRoy, C.P. (1970). Standing stocks and other features of eelgrass (Zostera marina) populations on the coast of Alaska. J Fish Res Bd Can 27: 1811-1821.
McRoy, C.P. (1970). The standing stock and ecology of eelgrass (Zostera marina L.) in Izembek Lagoon, Alaska. Masters Abstracts 8: .
Milkova, T., Petkova, R., Christov, R., Popov, S. & Dimitrova-Konaklieva, S. (1995). Comparative study of the chemical composition of Zostera marina L. and Zostera nana Roth from the Black Sea. Botanica Marina 38: 99-101, 3 tables.
Muehlstein, L.K., Porter, D. & Short, F.T. (1988). Labyrinthula sp., a marine slime mold producing the symptoms of wasting disease in eelgrass, Zostera marina. Marine Biology, Berlin 99: 465-472.
Nelson, T.A. (1997). Epiphyte-grazer interactions of Zostera marina (Anthophyta: Monocotyledones): effects of density on community function. Journal of Phycology 33: 743-752, 5 figs, 4 tables.
Nienhuis, P.H. & De Bree, B.H.H. (1980). Production and growth dynamics of eelgrass (Zostera marina) in brackish Lave Grevelingen (The Netherlands). Neth. J. Sea Res. 14: 102-118.
Novaczek, I. (1987). Periodicity of epiphytes on Zostera marina in two embayments of the southern Gulf of St. Lawrence. Canadian Journal of Botany 65: 1676-1681.
Obando, S. E. I., and Rosas, R. A. (1985). Drift and epiphytic macroalgae associated with Zostera marina L. in San Quintin Bay (B.C., Mexico) during summer-autumn 1982: biomass and taxonomic composition . Cien. Mar. 11(2): 89-104.
Orth, R.J. & Heck, K.L., Jr (1980). Structural components of eelgrass (Zostera marina) meadows in the lower Chesapeake Bay - fishes. Estuaries 3: 278-288.
Orth, R.J. & Moore, K.A. (1983). Seed germination and seedling growth of Zostera marina L. (eelgrass) in the Chesapeake Bay. Aquatic Botany 15: 117-131.
Orth, R.J. & Moore, K.A. (1986). Seasonal and year-to-year variations in the growth of Zostera marina L. (eelgrass) in the lower Chesapeake Bay. Aquatic Botany 24: 335-341.
Orth, R.J. (1973). Benthic fauna of eelgrass, Zostera marina, beds. Ches. Sci. 14: 258-269.
Park, J.-I. & Lee, K.-S. (2007). Effects of the loess coating on seed germination and seedling growths of the eelgrass, Zostera marina. Algae 22(2): 141-146, 4 figs, 1 table.
Park, J.-I., Kim, Y.-K., Park, S.R., Kim, J.-H., Kim, Y.-S., Kim, J.-B., Lee, P.-Y., Kang, C.-K. & Lee, K.-S. (2005). Selection of optimal transplanting method and time for restoration of Zostera marina habitats. Algae 20(4): 379-388, 5 figs, 5 tables. [in Korean]
Phillips, R.C., McMillan, C. & Bridges, K.W. (1983). Phenology of eelgrass, Zostera marina L., along latitudinal gradients in North America. Aquatic Botany 15: 145-156.
Rigollet, V., Laugier, T., de Casabianca, M.L., Sfriso, A. & Marcomini, A. (1998). Seasonal biomass and nutrient dynamics of Zostera marina L. in two Mediterranean lagoons: Thau (France) and Venice (Italy). Botanica Marina 41: 167-179, 8 figs, 3 tables.
Roberts, M.H., Jr, Orth, R.J. & Moore, K.A. (1984). Growth of Zostera marina L. seedlings under laboratopry conditions of nutrient enrichment. Aquatic Botany 20: 321-328.
Roth, I.G. & Hayasaka, S.S. (1984). Seasonal distribution and partial characterization of anaerobic cellulolytic bacteria associated with North Carolina Zostera marina seagrass bed sediment. Botanica Marina 27: 203-210.
Rueda, J.L., Salas, C. & Marina, P. (2008). Seasonal variation in a deep subtidal Zostera marina L. bed in southern Spain (western Mediterranean Sea). Botanica Marina 51: 92-102.
Saunders, J.E., Attrill, M.J., Shaw, S.M. & Rowden, A.A. (2003). Spatial variability in the epiphytic algal assemblages of Zostera marina seagrass beds. Marine Ecology Progress Series 249: 107-115.
Seymour, N.R., Miller, A.G. & Garbary, D.J. (2002). Decline of Canada geese (Branta canadensis) and common goldeneye (Bucephala clangula) associated with a collapse of eelgrass (Zostera marina) in a Nova Scotia estuary. Helgoland Marine Research 56: 198-202.
Short, F.T. & McRoy, C.P. (1984). Nitrogen uptake by leaves and roots of the seagrass Zostera marina L.. Botanica Marina 27: 547-555.
Short, F.T. (1983). The seagrass, Zostera marina L.: plant morphology and bed structure in relation to sediment ammonium in Izembek Lagoon, Alaska. Aquatic Botany 16: 149-161.
Sieburth, J.M. & Thomas, C.D. (1973). Fouling on eelgrass (Zostera marina L.). Journal of Phycology 9: 46-50.
Silberhorn, G.M., Orth, R.J. & Moore, K.A. (1983). Anthesis and seed production in Zostera marina L. (eelgrass) from the Chesapeake Bay. Aquatic Botany 15: 133-144.
Smith, G.W., Hayasaka, S.S. & Thayer, G.W. (1984). Ammonification of amino acids by the rhizoplane microflora of Zostera marina L. and Halodule wrightii Aschers. Botanica Marina 26: 23-27.
Thomas, M.L.H. & Duffy, J.R. (1968). Butoxyethanol ester of 2,4-D in the control of eelgrass (Zostera marina L.) and its effects on oysters (Crassostrea virginica Gmelin) and other benthos. 22nd Annual Northeastern Weed Control Conference : 185-194.
Thorne-Miller, B. & Harlin, M.M. (1984). The production of Zostera marina L. and other submerged macrophytes in a coastal lagoon in Rhode Island, U.S.A.. Botanica Marina 27: 539-546.
Touchette, B.W. & Burkholder, J.M. (2002). Seasonal variations in carbon and nitrogen constituents in eelgrass (Zostera marina L.) as influenced by increased temperature and water-column nitrate. Botanica Marina 45: 23-34.
Vichkovitten,T., Holmer, M., Frederiksen, M.S. (2007). Spatial and temporal changes in non-structural carbohydrate reserves in eelgrass (Zostera marina L.) in Danish coastal waters. Botanica Marina 50(2): 75-87.
Watanabe, M., Nakaoka, M. & Mukai, H. (2005). Seasonal variation in vegetative growth and production of the endemic Japanese seagrass Zostera asiatica: a comparison with sympatric Zostera marina. Botanica Marina 48: 266-273.
Wong, M.C., Bravo, M.A. & Dowd, M. (2013). Ecological dynamics of Zostera marina (eelgrass) in three adjacent bays in Atlantic Canada. Botanica Marina 56(5/6): 413-424.
Young, D., Clinton, P., Specht, D. & Collura, T.C.M. (2015). Comparison of non-native dwarf eelgrass (Zostera japonica and native eelgrass (Zostera marina) distributions in a northeast Pacific estuary: 1997-2014. Botanica Marina 58(4): 239-250.
Young, D., Clinton, P., Specht, D., Collura, T.C.M. & Lee II, H. (2012). Determining bathymetric distributions of the eelgrass Zostera marina L. in three turbid estuaries on the eastern North Pacific coast. Botanica Marina 55(3): 229-240.
Zhao, J-S., Liu, Y.-S., Zhang, P.-D., Li, W.-T. & Fang, C. (2016). Assessment of the establishment success of eelgrass Zostera marina (Alismatales: Zosteraceae) from seeds in a cost-effective seed protection method: implications for large-scale restoration. 59(4): 259-266.

Back to Species Details

Website contents © 1996 - 2020 M.D. Guiry. All rights reserved.

Website Design : 249 Design Studio