163,469 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,770 images, 62,968 bibliographic items, 480,353 distributional records.

Species References

Karenia brevis (C.C.Davis) Gert Hansen & Moestrup

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Örnólfsdóttir, E.B., Pinckney, J.L. & Tester, P.A. (2003). Quantification of the relative abundance of the toxic dinoflagellate, Karenia brevis (Dinophyta), using unique photopigments. Journal of Phycology 39: 449-457.
Giner, J.-L., Faraldos, J.A. & Boyer, G.L. (2003). Novel sterols of the toxic dinoflagellate Karenia brevis (Dinophyceae): a defensive function for unusual marine sterols?. Journal of Phycology 39: 315-319.
Hardison, D.R., Sunda, W.G., Litaker, R.W., Shea, D. & Tester, P.A. (2012). Nitrogen limitation increases brevetoxins in Karenia brevis (Dinophyceae): implications for bloom toxicity. Journal of Phycology 48(4): 844-858.
Haywood, A.J., Scholin, C.A., Marin III, R., Steidinger, K.A., Heil, C. & Ray, J. (2007). Molecular detection of the brevetoxin-producing dinoflagellate Karenia brevis and closely related species using rRNA-targeted probes and a semiautomated sandwich hybridization assay. Journal of Phycology 43: 1271-1286.
Kramer, B.J., Bourdelais, A.J., Kitchen, S.A. & Taylor, A.R. (2019). Uptake and localization of fluorescently-labeled Karenia brevis metabolites in non-toxic marine microbial taxa. Journal of Phycology 55(1): 47-59.
Leblond, J.D. & Lisiter, A.D. (2009). Mono- and digalactosyldiacylglycerol composition of dinoflagellates. II. Lepidodinium chlorophorum, Karenia brevis, and Kryptoperidinium foliaceum, three dinoflagellates with aberrant plastids. European Journal of Phycology 44(2): 199-205, 3 figs, 1 table.
Leblond, J.D., Evens, T.J. & Chapman, P.J. (2003). The biochemistry of dinoflagellate lipids, with particular reference to the fatty acid and sterol composition of a Karenia brevis bloom. Phycologia 43: 324-331, 1 fig., 2 tables.
Monroe, E.A., Johnson, J.G., Wang, Z., Pierce, R.K. & Van Dolah, F.M. (2010). Characterization and expression of nuclear-encoded polyketide synthases in the brevetoxin-producing dinoflagellate, Karenia brevis. Journal of Phycology 46(3): 541-552.
Richardson, T.L., Pinckney, J.L., Walker, E.A. & Marshalonis, D.M. (2007). Photopigment radiolabelling as a tool for determining in situ growth rates of the toxic dinoflagellate Karenia brevis (Dinophyceae). European Journal of Phycology 41: 415-423.
Schaeffer, B.A., Kamykowski, D. McKay, L., Sinclair, G. & Milligan, E.J. (2007). A comparison of photoresponse among ten different Karenia brevis (Dinophyceae) isolates. Journal of Phycology 43: 702-714.
Schaeffer, B.A., Kamykowski, D., McKay, L., Sinclair, G. & Milligan, E. (2009). Lipid class, carotenoid, and toxin dynamics of Karenia brevis (Dinophyceae) during diel vertical migration. Journal of Phycology 45: 154-163.
van Deventer, M., Atwood, K., Vargo, G.A., Flewelling, L.J., Landsberg, J.H., Naar, J.P. & Stanek, D. (2012). Karenia brevis red tides and brevetoxin-contaminated fish: a high risk factor for Florida's scavenging shorebirds?. Botanica Marina 55(1): 31-37.
Van Dolah, F.M., Kohli, G.S., Morey, J.S. & Murray, S.A. (2017). Both modular and single-domain Type I polyketide synthases are expressed in the brevetoxin-producing dinoflagellate, Karenia brevis (Dinophyceae). Journal of Phycology 53(6): 1325-1339.
Van Dolah, F.M., Lidie, K.B. Morey, J.S., Brunelle, S.A., Ryan, J.C., Monroe, E.A. & Haynes, B.L. (2007). Microarray analysis of diurnal- and circadian-regulated genes in the Florida red-tide dinoflagellate Karenia brevis (Dinophyceae). Journal of Phycology 43: 741-752.
Wolny, J.L., Scott, P.S. Tustison, J. & Brooks C.R. (2015). Monitoring the 2007 east coast Karenia brevis (Dinophyceae) red tide and neurotoxic shellfish poisoning (NSP) event. Algae. An International Journal of Algal Research 30(1): 49-58.

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