Lin, S.-M., Fredericq, S. & Hommersand, M.H., 2012
Lin, S.-M., Fredericq, S. & Hommersand, M.H. (2012). Molecular phylogeny and developmental studies of Apoglossum and Paraglossum (Delesseriaceae, Rhodophyta) with a description of Apoglosseae trib. nov. European Journal of Phycology 47(4): 366-383.
Our morphological and molecular studies indicate that species from the Southern Hemisphere previously placed in Delesseria belong in Paraglossum and that Paraglossum and Apoglossum comprise a separate tribe, the Apoglosseae, S.-W. Lin, Fredericq & Hommersand, trib. nov., family Delesseriaceae. From a vegetative perspective the Apoglosseae is readily recognized because some or all fourth-order cell rows are formed on the inner sides of third order cell rows. All fourth order cell rows grow adaxially in Apoglossum, whereas both adaxial and abaxial cell rows are present in Paraglossum. Periaxial cells do not divide in Apoglossum, whereas they divide transversely in Paraglossum in the same way as in Delesseria. Major branches are formed mainly from the margins of midribs in the Apoglosseae. The procarp consists of a straight carpogonial branch and two sterile cells with the second formed on the same side as the first. The carpogonium cuts off two connecting cells in tandem from its apical end with the terminal cell nonfunctional and the subterminal cell typically fusing with the auxiliary cell. Gonimoblast filaments radiate in all directions from the gonimoblast initials and produce carposporangia terminally in branched chains, with pit connections between the inner gonimoblast cells broadening and enlarging. The auxiliary cell, supporting cell and sterile cells unite into a fusion cell, which remains small in Apoglossum but incorporates the branched inner gonimoblast filaments and cells in the floor of the cystocarp in Paraglossum. Elongated inner cortical cells seen in mature cystocarps in the Delesserieae are absent in the Apoglosseae. Phylogenetic studies based on rbcL (RuBisCo Large subunit) sequence analyses strongly support the recognition of the Apoglosseae within the subfamily Delesserioideae, family Delesseriaceae, in agreement with our previous observations based primarily on analyses of large subunit ribosomal DNA (LSU).