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Pterocladiella capillacea (S.G.Gmelin) Santelices & Hommersand 1997

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Gelidiales
Family Pterocladiaceae
Genus Pterocladiella

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Pterocladiella capillacea (S.G.Gmelin) Santelices & Hommersand
Cape Peron, Western Australia. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

Pterocladiella capillacea (S.G.Gmelin) Santelices & Hommersand
Cabrillo National Monument, California, USA. 07 Sep 2018.

Pterocladiella capillacea (S.G.Gmelin) Santelices & Hommersand
lower intertidal, North of Portugal, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Pterocladiella capillacea (S.G.Gmelin) Santelices & Hommersand
lower intertidal, North of Portugal, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Pterocladiella capillacea (S.G.Gmelin) Santelices & Hommersand
lower intertidal, Ría de A Coruña, Galicia, Spain, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Pterocladiella capillacea (S.G.Gmelin) Santelices & Hommersand
lower intertidal, Ría de A Coruña, Galicia, Spain, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Pterocladiella capillacea (S.G.Gmelin) Santelices & Hommersand
lower intertidal, Ría de A Coruña, Galicia, Spain, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Pterocladiella capillacea (S.G.Gmelin) Santelices & Hommersand
TS, Ría de Arousa, Galicia, Spain, 2006. 09 Dec 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Pterocladiella capillacea (S.G.Gmelin) Santelices & Hommersand
TS, Barizo, Galicia, Spain, 2010. 09 Dec 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Pterocladiella capillacea (S.G.Gmelin) Santelices & Hommersand
TS, Barizo, Galicia, Spain, 2010. 09 Dec 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

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34 Found - Displaying 1 through 10

 

Pterocladiella capillacea (S.G.Gmelin) Santelices & Hommersand Pterocladiella capillacea, Lord Howe Island, Australia
© Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie)

Publication details
Pterocladiella capillacea (S.G.Gmelin) Santelices & Hommersand 1997: 118, figs 1 a, 2 b, 3 b, 4, 5

Published in: Santelices, B. & Hommersand, M. (1997). Pterocladiella, a new genus in the Gelidiaceae (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta). Phycologia 36: 114-119.
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Type species
This is the type species (holotype) of the genus Pterocladiella.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Fucus capillaceus S.G.Gmelin

Type information
Type locality: Locus, Mare mediterraneum [Mediterranean Sea] (Gmelin 1768: 146). Lectotype: original illustration (Gmelin , 1768, pl. 15 fig.1). (epitype) (Womersley & Guiry 1994: 139).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), capillarg, hair-like, thread-like (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus capillaceus S.G.Gmelin 1768
Cornea capillacea (S.G.Gmelin) Stackhouse 1809
Gigartina cornea var. capillacea (S.G.Gmelin) S.F.Gray 1821
Sphaerococcus corneus var. capillaceus (S.G.Gmelin) C.Agardh 1822
Sphaerococcus capillaceus (S.G.Gmelin) Naccari 1828
Gelidium corneum var. capillaceum (S.G.Gmelin) Greville 1830
Gelidium capillaceum (S.G.Gmelin) Meneghini 1854
Pterocladia capillacea (S.G.Gmelin) Bornet 1876

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus pinnatus Hudson 1762
Fucus corneus var. pinnatus (Hudson) Goodenough & Woodward 1797
Gelidium corneum f. clavatum Ardissone 1874
Gelidium pyramidale N.L.Gardner 1927
Pterocladia densa Okamura 1934
Gelidium okamurae Setchell & N.L.Gardner 1937
Pterocladia pyramidalis (N.L.Gardner) E.Y.Dawson 1945
Pterocladia mexicana W.R.Taylor 1945
Pterocladia robusta W.R.Taylor 1945
Pterocladia okamurae (Setchell & N.L.Gardner) W.R.Taylor 1945
Pterocladia complanata N.H.Loomis 1949
Pterocladia pinnata (Hudson) Papenfuss 1950
Pterocladia lindaueri K.C.Fan 1961

Taxonomic notes
John et al. (2004) cite Pterocladia pinnata (Huds.) Papenf. as a synonym of this species.

Distributional notes
According to Morton (1994: 55) the records of Pterocladiella capillacea from Northern Ireland have probably been misidentified - they are more likely to be Gelidium latifolium.

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Pterocladia capillacea (S.G.Gmelin) Bornet)
Chinese: Yimaocai (Santelices 1988).

Japanese: Obakusa (Arasaki & Arasaki 1983).

(as Pterocladiella capillacea (S.G.Gmelin) Santelices & Hommersand)
English: Branched Wing Weed (Bunker & al. 2010).

Japanese: Kata-obakusa (Shimada & Masuda 2002).

Description
Cartilaginous, dark purplish-red, flattened fronds, 2 mm wide, to 200 mm high. Pinnate or bipinnate, often bare at base, branches opposite or alternate, often tapering at both ends; frequently give a 'Christmas-tree' appearance. Fronds in loose tuft from a rhizoidal base.

Habitat
In large pools and lagoons in the lower intertidal and shallow subtidal, widely distributed on south and south-western shores, never common.

Key characteristics
Larger, darker and more purplish-red than Gelidium pusillum or G. pulchellum; normally, Pterocladia is not found fringing the edges of pools like the latter. Main axes are generally more flattened and apices more obtuse than G. pulchellum.

Similar species
Gelidium sesquipedale is known only a restricted number of localities in SW Britain (mainly Cornwall) although it is much commoner in N France; this species is larger and relatively less flattened.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Fucus capillaceus S.G.Gmelin)
Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Gelidium capillaceum (S.G.Gmelin) Meneghini)
Middle East: Turkey (Zeybek, Güner & Aysel 1993).

Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Gelidium corneum f. clavatum Ardissone)
Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Pterocladia capillacea (S.G.Gmelin) Bornet)
Atlantic Islands: Azores (Neto 1994, Tittley & Neto 1994), Canary Islands (Børgesen 1927, Lawson & al. 1995, Guadalupe et al. 1995), Lanzarote (Gil-Rodríguez & Afonso-Carrillo 1980), Madeira (Levring 1974).

Europe: Adriatic Sea (Ercegovic 1980), Balearic Islands (Mazza 1904, Bellón 1921, Navarro & Bellón 1945, Ribera Siguán 1983, Ribera Siguán & Gómez Garreta 1984), Britain (Newton 1931, Dixon & Irvine 1977, Guiry 1997), Bulgaria (Dimitrova-Konaklieva 1981), Channel Islands (Lyle 1920, Dixon 1961), Corsica (Rodríguez Prieto, Boudouresque & Marcot-Coqueugniot 1993), France (Feldmann 1939, Ben Maiz, Boudouresque, Lauret & Riouall 1988, Dizerbo & Herpe 2007), Greece (Diannelidis 1953, Gerloff & Geissler 1974, Haritonidis & Tsekos 1976, Tsekos & Haritonidis 1977, Athanasiadis 1987), Ireland (Adams 1908, Cotton 1912, Cullinane 1971, Guiry 1977, Guiry 1978, De Valéra & al. 1979, Maggs 1983, Morton 1994), Malta (Price 1970, Cormaci & al. 1997), Portugal (Ardré 1970), Spain (Lázaro Ibiza 1889, Sauvageau 1897, Bellón 1921, Hamel 1928, Miranda 1931, Bellón 1940, Bellón 1942, Seoane-Camba 1957, Ardré 1957, Fischer-Piette, C. & Seoane-Camba, J. (1962), Seoane-Camba 1965, Ballesteros 1981, Romero Martinengo & Romero Martinengo 1982, Gallardo & Pérez-Cirera 1982, Fernández & Niell 1982, Boisset & Barceló 1984, Gallardo & al. 1985, Anadón & Fernández 1986, Rodriguez Prieto & Polo Alberti 1988, Soto & Conde 1989, Pérez-Cirera 1989, Flores-Moya, Vera-Gonzalez & Conde 1989, Granja, Cremades & Barbara 1992, Conde Poyales 1992, Bárbara, Cremades & Pérez-Cirera 1995, Conde & al. 1996, Bárbara & Cremades 1996).

North America: Baja California (Stewart 1992), California (CA) (Abbott & Hollenberg 1976, Santelices & Stewart 1985, Stewart 1992), Channel Islands, California (Stewart 1992).

Caribbean Islands: Trinidad (Richardson 1975).

South America: Brazil (Oliveira Filho 1977), Chile (Santelices 1989, Ramírez & Santelices 1991), Peru (Ramírez & Santelices 1991).

Africa: Cameroon (Lawson & John 1987), Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) (Lawson & John 1987), Gabon (Lawson & John 1987), Gambia (Lawson & John 1987), Ghana (Lawson & John 1987), Kenya (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Liberia (Lawson & John 1987), Madagascar (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Mauritius (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Morocco (Dangeard 1949), Sierra Leone (Lawson & John 1987), Somalia (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Tanzania (incl. Zanzibar) (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Tunisia (Meñez & Mathieson 1981, Ben Maiz, Boudouresque & Quahchi 1987).

Middle East: Egypt (Aleem 1993), Israel (Nemlich & Danin 1964, Einav & Israel 2008), Turkey (Güven & Öztig 1971, Cirik, Zeybeck, Aysel & Cirik 1990), Yemen (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996).

South-west Asia: Goa (Pereira & Almeida 2014), Lebanon (Lakkis 2013).

South-east Asia: Indonesia (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Philippines (Silva, Meñez & Moe 1987).

Asia: China (Santelices 1988, Chang & Xia 1988), Japan (Shimada & Masuda 2002), Korea (Lee & Kang 1986, Lee & Kim 1995, Wiriyadamrikul et al. 2010), Taiwan (Chang & Xia 1988, Shao 2003-2014).

Australia and New Zealand: Australia (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), New South Wales (Millar 1990, Womersley & Guiry 1994), New Zealand (Adams 1994, Nelson & Phillips 1996, Adams 1997), Queensland (Womersley & Guiry 1994, Cribb 1996, Phillips 1997), South Australia (Womersley & Guiry 1994), Tasmania (Womersley & Guiry 1994), Victoria (Womersley & Guiry 1994), Western Australia (Huisman & Walker 1990, Womersley & Guiry 1994).

Pacific Islands: Easter Island (Santelices & Abbott 1987), Hawaiian Islands (HI) (Rodríguez & Santelices 1988).

(as Gelidium pyramidale N.L.Gardner)
North America: California (CA) (Gardner 1927).

Asia: Japan (Yoshida, Nakajima & Nakata 1990), Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Pterocladia densa Okamura)
South-east Asia: Philippines (Silva, Meñez & Moe 1987).

Asia: Japan (Okamura 1936, Segawa 1981, Yoshida, Nakajima & Nakata 1990), Korea (Lee & Kang 1986), South China Sea (Phang & al. 2016), Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Gelidium okamurae Setchell & N.L.Gardner)
Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Pterocladia pyramidalis (N.L.Gardner) E.Y.Dawson)
South America: Peru (Acleto 1973).

Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Pterocladia mexicana W.R.Taylor)
North America: Baja California (Taylor 1945).

Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Pterocladia robusta W.R.Taylor)
South America: Galápagos Islands (Taylor 1945).

Asia: Korea (Lee & Kang 1986), Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Pterocladia okamurae (Setchell & N.L.Gardner) W.R.Taylor)
South America: Galápagos Islands (Taylor 1945).

Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Pterocladia complanata N.H.Loomis)
North America: Mexico (Dawson 1953).

Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Pterocladia pinnata (Hudson) Papenfuss)
Europe: Adriatic Sea (Giaccone 1978), Corsica (Boudouresque & Perret 1977, Coppejans 1979), France (Breizh) (Feldmann 1954), Italy (Giaccone 1969, Feoli & Bressan 1972, Cinelli & al. 1976).

Central America: Costa Rica (Taylor 1960), El Salvador (Fernández-García & al. 2011).

Caribbean Islands: Barbados (Taylor 1969), Hispaniola (Taylor 1960), Lesser Antilles (Taylor 1969), Trinidad (Taylor 1960), Virgin Islands (Taylor 1960).

South America: Brazil (Joly 1957, Taylor 1960, Joly 1965), Colombia (Taylor 1960), Uruguay (Taylor 1960), Venezuela (Taylor 1960).

South-west Asia: Lebanon (Lakkis 2013).

South-east Asia: Myanmar (Burma) (Myo Min Tun & Soe-Htun 2014), Vietnam (Pham-Hoàng 1969).

Pacific Islands: Federated States of Micronesia (Lobban & Tsuda 2003, Lobban & Tsuda 2003).

(as Pterocladia lindaueri K.C.Fan)
Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

Australia and New Zealand: New Zealand (Adams 1994).

(as Pterocladiella capillacea (S.G.Gmelin) Santelices & Hommersand)
Atlantic Islands: Azores (Parente), Canary Islands (Lorenzo-Martín, Hernández-González & Gil-Rodriguez 1998, Mercado, Niell & Gil-Rodríguez 2001, Haroun & al. 2002, Gil-Rodríguez et al. 2003, John & al. 2004, Díaz-Villa & al. 2005, Anon. 2011, Garcia-Jiménez & Robaina 2012, Afonso-Carrillo 2014), Cape Verde Islands (John & al. 2004, Prud'homme van Reine, Haroun & Kostermans 2005, Gabriel & Fredericq 2019), Madeira (Neto, Cravo & Haroun 2001, Haroun & al. 2002, John & al. 2004), Salvage Islands (John & al. 2004).

Europe: Apulia (Bottalico & al. 2016), Atlantic France (Burel, Le Duff & Ar Gall 2019), Britain (Hardy & Guiry 2003, Brodie & al. 2016, Bunker & al. 2017), Bulgaria (Temniskova, Stoyneva & Kirjakov 2008, Berov & al. 2012), Crimea (Sadogurskiy, Belich & Sadogurskaya 2019), France (Verlaque 2001, Bárbara & Díaz Tapia 2012, Anon. 2017), Ireland (Guiry 2012, Bunker & al. 2017), Italy (Cecere & al. 1996, Furnari, Cormaci & Serio 1999, Rindi, Sartoni & Cinelli 2002, Perrone et al 2006, Serio et al 2006), Portugal (Araujo & al. 2005, Araújo et al. 2006, Araújo & al. 2009), Spain (Veiga, Cremades & Bárbara 1998, Sánchez, Fernández & Rico 2003, Gorostiaga & al., 2004, Bárbara & al. 2005, Sánchez et al 2005, Peña & Bárbara 2006, Martínez-Gil et al. 2007, Pena & Bárbara 2008, Peña & Bárbara 2008, de los Santos, Pérez-Lloréns & Vergara 2009, Mercado et al. 2009, Peña & Bárbara 2010, Cires Rodriguez & Cuesta Moliner 2010, Diaz Tapia et al. 2011), Spain (incl. Canary Is.) (Gallardo & al. 2016).

North America: California (CA) (Stewart 1991, Miller 2012), Florida (FL) (Littler, Littler & Hanisak 2008), Gulf of California (Norris, Aguilar-Rosas & Pedroche 2017), Mexico (Pedroche & Sentíes 2020), Mexico (Atlantic) (Ek García-García & al. 2020).

Caribbean Islands: Caribbean (Littler & Littler 2000), Cuba (Suárez 2005, Suárez, Martínez-Daranas & Alfonso 2014, Torres Conde & Martínez-Daranas 2019), Hispaniola (Betancourt & Herrera-Moreno, 2001), St. Eustatius (van der Loos & Prud'homme van Reine 2015, van der Loos & al. 2017), Trinidad & Tobago (Duncan & Lee Lum 2006).

Western Atlantic: Trop. & Subtrop. W. Atlantic (Wynne 2017).

South America: Argentina (Boraso de Zaixso 2013), Brazil (Batista et al. 2014, Iha et al. 2015, Martins et al. 2016, Briani & al. 2018), Colombia (Díaz-Pulido & Díaz-Ruíz 2003), Galápagos Islands (Ruiz & Ziemmeck 2011), Peru (Avila-Peltroche & Padilla-Vallejos 2020), Uruguay (Coll & Oliveira 1999), Venezuela (Ganesan 1990).

Africa: Cameroon (John, Lawson & Ameka, 2003, John & al. 2004), Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) (John, Lawson & Ameka, 2003, John & al. 2004), Eritrea (Ateweberhan & Prud'homme van Reine 2005), Gabon (John, Lawson & Ameka, 2003, John & al. 2004), Gambia (John, Lawson & Ameka, 2003, John & al. 2004), Ghana (John, Lawson & Ameka, 2003, John & al. 2004, Smith, Smith & Nii Yemoh Annang 2015), Kenya (Bolton, Oyieke & Gwanda 2007), Liberia (John, Lawson & Ameka, 2003, John & al. 2004), Mauritania (John & al. 2004), Morocco (Moussa & al. 2018), Senegal (John & al. 2004, John & al. 2004), Sierra Leone (John, Lawson & Ameka, 2003), Spanish North Africa (González García, Paredes Ruiz & Enrique Mirón 2017), Tanzania (incl. Zanzibar) (Oliveira, Österlund & Mtolera 2005), Western Sahara (John & al. 2004).

Middle East: Cyprus (Tsiamis & al. 2014), Israel (Hoffman 2004, Einav 2007, Einav & Israel 2008), Turkey (Taskin & al. 2008, Taskin & al. 2008, Taskin (ed.) & al. 2019).

South-east Asia: Indonesia (Atmadja & Prud'homme van Reine 2012), Philippines (Ang, Sin Man Leung & Mei Mei Choi 2014), Singapore (Pham & al. 2011), Vietnam (Pham-Hoàng 1969, Nguyen et al. 2013).

Asia: China (Xia & Wang 1999, Xia 2004, Liu 2008, Tseng 2009, Wang 2012, Wang et al. 2020 ), China (Hainan Island) (Titlyanova, Titlyanov & Kalita 2014, Titlyanov & al. 2015, Titlyanov & al. 2016), Japan (Holmes 1896, Yoshida, Nakajima & Nakata 1990, Yoshida 1998, Shimada & Masuda 2002, Titlyanov et al 2006, Yoshida, Suzuki & Yoshinaga 2015, Titlyanov & al. 2019), Korea (Lee & Kang 2001, Lee 2008), South China Sea (Phang & al. 2016), Taiwan (Huang 2000, Shao 2003-2014, Perrone et al 2006).

Australia and New Zealand: Australia (Huisman 2019), Chatham Islands (Nelson 2013), Lord Howe Island (Millar & Freshwater 2005), Manawatawhi/Three Kings Is. (Nelson 2013), New South Wales (Millar & Freshwater 2005, Carvalho & Eyre 2017, Carvalho et al. 2017), New Zealand (Nelson 2012), Norfolk Island (Millar 1999), North Island, NZ (Nelson 2013), Papua New Guinea (Littler & Littler 2003), Queensland (Phillips 2002, Bostock & Holland 2010), Rangitahua/Kermadec Islands (Nelson 2013, Duffy & Ahyong 2015), South Island, NZ (Nelson 2013), Tasmania (Scott 2017).

Pacific Islands: Hawaiian Islands (HI) (Abbott 1999, McDermid & al. 2005, Huisman, Abbott & Smith 2007), New Caledonia (Payri 2007).

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Boo, G.H. & Geraldino, P.J.L. (2016). Pterocladiella maribagoensis (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta), a new marine alga from Cebu, Philippines. Phytotaxa 288(3): 239-248, 10 figs.

Boo, S.M. & Ko, Y.D. (2012). Marine plants from Korea. pp. [1] 5-233, many col. photographs. Seoul: Marine & Extreme Genome Research Centre Program. [in Korean]

Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Funk, G. (1955). Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Meeresalgen von Neapel: Zugleich mikrophotographischer Atlas. Pubblicazioni della Stazione Zoologica di Napoli 25(Suppl.): i-x , 1-178, 36 figs.

Huisman, J.M. (2019). Marine plants of Australia Revised edition. pp. [i]-xviii, [1]-435, numerous col. figs. Crawley Western Australia: UWA Publishing.

Huisman, J.M., Abbott, I.A., Smith, C.M. (2007). Hawaiian reef plants. pp. [1]-264, numerous colour photographs. Honolulu: A publication of the University of Hawai'i Sea Grant College Program.

Iha, C., Milstein, D., Guimaraes, S.M.P.B., Freshwater, D.W. & Oliveira, M.C. (2015). DNA barcoding reveals high diversity in the Gelidiales of the Brazilian southeast coast. Botanica Marina 58(4): 295-305.

Nelson, W.A. (2013). New Zealand seaweeds. An illustrated guide. pp. [1]-328. Wellington: Te Papa Press.

Perrone, C., Felicini, G.P. & Bottalico, A. (2006). The prostrate system of the Gelidiales: diagnostic and taxonomic importance. Botanica Marina 49: 23-33.

Rodríguez-Prieto, C., Ballesteros, E., Boisset, F. & Afonso-Carrillo, J. (2013). Guía de las macroalgas y fanerógamas marinas del Mediterráneo occidental. pp. [1]-656. Barcelona: Ediciones Omega, S.A..

Santelices, B. (1999). Taxonomic status of the species originally ascribed to the genus Pterocladia (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta). In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds with reference to some Pacific species Vol. VII. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.7, pp. 71-80. La Jolla, California: California Sea Grant College System.

Scott, F.J. (2017). Marine plants of Tasmania. pp. [i]-viii, 1-360, numerous col. illus. Hobart: Tasmania Herbarium, Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery.

Shimada, S. & Masuda, M. (2002). Japanese species of Pterocladiella Santelices et Hommersand (Rhodophyta, Gelidiales). In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds with reference to some Pacific species. Vol. VIII. (Abbott, I.A. & Mcdermid, K.J. Eds) Vol.8, pp. 167-181. La Jolla: California Sea Grant College.

Suárez, A.M., Martínez-Daranas, B. & Alfonso, Y. (2015). Macroalgas marinas de Cuba. pp. [1]-264, 229 figs. La Habana [Havana]: UH [Universidad de La Habana] Editorial.

Titlyanov E.A., Titlyanova T.V. & Belous O.S. (2016). Useful marine plants of the Asia-Pacific Region countries. pp. 1-348, Many col. photo. Vladivostok: Dalnauka. [in Russian and English]

Wang, X., Yan, S., Wang, Y., Sun, Z., Xia, B. & Wang, G. (2020). Study of the phylogeny and distribution of Pterocladiella (Pterocladiaceae, Rhodophyta) from China. Phycologia 59(2): 165-176.

Xia Bangmei [Xia, B.-M.] (2004). Flora algarum marinarum sinicarum Tomus II Rhodophyta No. III Gelidiales Cryptonemiales Hildenbrandiales. pp. [i]-xxi, 1-203, pls I-XIII. Beijing: Science Press. [in Chinese]

Xia, B.M. & Wang, Y.Q. (1999). Taxonomic studies on Pterocladiella (Gelidiaceae, Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) from China. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds with reference to some Pacific species Vol. VII. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.7, pp. 81-86. La Jolla, California: California Sea Grant College System.

Created: 31 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 12 May 2020 by Wendy Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 23307 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Bottalico, A., Delle Foglie, C.I.& Fanelli, M. (2008). Growth and reproductive phenology of Pterocladiella capillacea (Rhodophyta: Gelidiales) from the southern Adriatic Sea. Botanica Marina 51: 124-131.
Garcia-Jiménez, P. & Robaina, R.R. (2012). Effects of ethylene on tetrasporogenesis in Pterocladiella capillacea (Rhodophyta). Journal of Phycology 48(3): 710-715.
Scrosati, R. & Servière-Zaragoza, E. (2000). Ramet dynamics for the clonal seaweed Pterocladiella capillacea (Rhodophyta): a comparison with Chondrus crispus and with Mazzaella cornucopiae (Gigartinales). Journal of Phycology 36: 1061-1068.
Scrosati, R. (2002). Morphological plasticity and apparent loss of apical dominance following the natural loss of the main apex in Pterocladiella capillacea (Rhodophyta, Gelidiales) fronds. Phycologia 41: 96-98.
Servière-Zaragoza, E. & Scrosati, R. (2002). Reproductive phenology of Pterocladiella capillacea (Rhodophyta, Gelidiales) from southern Baja California, Mexico. Pacific Science 56: 285-290.

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Wendy Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 25 September 2020.

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