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Calliblepharis ciliata (Hudson) Kützing

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Gigartinales
Family Cystocloniaceae
Genus Calliblepharis

Pictures

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Calliblepharis ciliata (Hudson) Kützing
Calliblepharis jubata, lower intertidal, Ría de A Coruña, Galicia, Spain, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Calliblepharis ciliata (Hudson) Kützing
Galicia, Ría de Vigo, 2011, subtidal. 24 Oct 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Calliblepharis ciliata (Hudson) Kützing
Portugal, North of Viana, 2009. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Calliblepharis ciliata (Hudson) Kützing
microscope, TS frond showing cortex and medulla and floridean starch grains and pit connections; Spain, Galicia, Ría de Ortigueira, 2006. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Calliblepharis ciliata (Hudson) Kützing
Dog's Bay, Roundstone, Co. Galway, Ireland; plants at low water on sandy rocks. 27 Apr 2006. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Calliblepharis ciliata (Hudson) Kützing
New Quay, Co. Clare, Ireland; plants at MLWS. 29 Mar 2002. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Calliblepharis ciliata (Hudson) Kützing
Finavarra, Co. Clare, Ireland; lower-shore pools; with stalked anemone. 11 Aug 2002. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Calliblepharis ciliata (Hudson) Kützing
Finavarra, Co. Clare, Ireland; lower-shore pools; to 120 mm long. 11 Aug 2002. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

 

Calliblepharis ciliata (Hudson) Kützing New Quay, Co. Clare, Ireland; plants at MLWS
© Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie)

Publication details
Calliblepharis ciliata (Hudson) Kützing 1843: 404

Published in: Kützing, F.T. (1843). Phycologia generalis oder Anatomie, Physiologie und Systemkunde der Tange. Mit 80 farbig gedruckten Tafeln, gezeichnet und gravirt vom Verfasser. pp. [part 1]: [i]-xxxii, [1]-142, [part 2:] 143-458, 1, err.], pls 1-80. Leipzig: F.A. Brockhaus.
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Publication date: 14-16 Sep 1843

Type species
This is the type species (lectotype) of the genus Calliblepharis.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Fucus ciliatus Hudson

Type information
Type locality: England (Dixon & Irvine 1977: 193). Lectotype: An unlocalised, undated Hudson specimen accepted provisionally as of lectotype status (Dixon & Irvine 1977: 193).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), ciliate (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus ciliatus Hudson 1762
Sarcophylla ciliata (Hudson) Stackhouse 1816
Rhodymenia ciliata (Hudson) Greville 1830

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Ciliaria latifolia Stackhouse 1809
Calliblepharis ciliata f. angusta Holmes & Batters 1890

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Calliblepharis ciliata (Hudson) Kützing)
English: Beautiful Eyelash, Red Fringed Weed (Bunker et al. 2010).

Description
Flattened, subcartilaginous, purple-red fronds, to 300 mm long and 20-70 mm wide, lanceolate or forked, irregularly pinnate; when mature (in summer), the margins and the surface are covered with short, stiff proliferations. Short cylindrical stipe arises from creeping, branched holdfast.

Habitat
Larger lower intertidal pools and subtidal (0-25 m) on stones, maerl and shells, widely distributed, common in south and west, sometimes frequent in drift; occasionally abundant on bedrock below the lower limit of kelp.

Similar species
Calliblepharis jubata is narrower (to 10 mm); its marginal outgrowths are long, branched and entangled, and it is mainly intertidal.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Rhodymenia ciliata (Hudson) Greville)
Europe: Ireland (Drummond 1837).

(as Calliblepharis ciliata (Hudson) Kützing)
Europe: Atlantic France (Burel, Le Duff & Ar Gall 2019), Britain (Newton 1931, Dixon & Irvine 1977, Hardy & Guiry 2003, Brodie et al. 2016, Bunker et al. 2017), Channel Islands (Lyle 1920, Dixon 1961), France (Coppejans & Kling 1995, Dizerbo & Herpe 2007, Anon. 2017), France (Breizh) (Feldmann 1954, Loiseaux-de Goër & Noailles 2008), Ireland (Adams 1907, Adams 1908, Cotton 1912, Cullinane 1971, Guiry 1977, Guiry 1978, De Valéra et al. 1979, Maggs 1983, Morton 1994, Guiry 2012, Bunker et al. 2017, Hoffman et al. 2018), Isla de Alborán (Conde & Flores Moya 2000), Italy (Giaccone 1969, Furnari et al. 2003), Netherlands (Stegenga et al. 1997), Portugal (Ardré 1970, Conde & Gallardo 2002, Araújo et al. 2009), Spain (Miranda 1931, Fernández, Niell & Anadón 1983, Bárbara, Cremades & Pérez-Cirera 1995, Conde et al. 1996, Bárbara & Cremades 1996, Veiga, Cremades & Bárbara 1998, Conde & Gallardo 2002, Valenzuela Miranda 2002, Gorostiaga et al., 2004, Bárbara et al. 2005, Peña & Bárbara 2006, Martínez-Gil et al. 2007, Pena & Bárbara 2008, Peña & Bárbara 2008, Peña & Bárbara 2010, Cires Rodriguez & Cuesta Moliner 2010), Spain (incl. Canary Is.) (Gallardo et al. 2016).

Atlantic Islands: Azores (Neto 1994 ).

Africa: Mauritania (John et al. 2004), Morocco (Dangeard 1949, Conde Poyales 1992).

Subantarctic Islands: South Georgia (John et al. 1994 ).

(as Calliblepharis ciliata f. angusta Holmes & Batters)
Europe: Britain (Newton 1931).

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Dixon, P.S. & Irvine, L.M. (1977). Seaweeds of the British Isles. Volume 1. Rhodophyta. Part 1. Introduction, Nemaliales, Gigartinales. pp. [i]-xi, [1]-252, 90 figs. London: British Museum (Natural History).

Funk, G. (1955). Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Meeresalgen von Neapel: Zugleich mikrophotographischer Atlas. Pubblicazioni della Stazione Zoologica di Napoli 25(Suppl.): i-x , 1-178, 36 figs.

Loiseaux-de Goër, S. & Noailles, M.-C. (2008). Algues de Roscoff. pp. [1]-215, col. figs. Roscoff: Editions de la Station Biologique de Roscoff.

Papenfuss, G.F. (1964). Catalogue and bibliography of Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic benthic marine algae. In: Antarctic Research Series. Volume 1. Bibliography of the Antarctic Seas. (Lee, M.O. Eds), pp. 1-76. Washington D.C.: American Geophysical Union.

Created: 30 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 06 February 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 8687 times since it was created.

Verification of data
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References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Molenaar, F.J., Venekamp, L.A.H. & Breeman, A.M. (1996). Life-history regulation in the subtidal red alga Calliblepharis ciliata. European Journal of Phycology 31: 241-247, 5 figs, 3 tables.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=11

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 21 September 2019.

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