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Nitella syncarpa (J.L.Thuillier) Kützing

Publication details
Nitella syncarpa (J.L.Thuillier) Kützing 1845: 256

Published in: Kützing, F.T. (1845). Phycologia germanica, d. i. Deutschlands Algen in bündigen Beschreibungen. Nebst einer Anleitung zum Untersuchen und Bestimmen dieser Gewächse für Anfänger. pp. [i]-x, [1]-340 ['240']. Nordhausen: zu finden bei Wilh. Köhne.
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Nitella is Nitella opaca (C.Agardh ex Bruzelius) C.Agardh.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Chara syncarpa J.L.Thuillier

Infrageneric classification
Subgenus Nitella Section Rajia

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Chara syncarpa J.L.Thuillier 1799
Nitella capillaris f. syncarpa (J.L.Thuiller) R.D.Wood 1962

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Nitella syncarpa f. elongata L.J.Wahlstedt
Nitella syncarpa var. elongata L.J.Wahlstedt
Nitella syncarpa var. brevifolia A.Braun 1847
Nitella syncarpa var. longifolia A.Braun 1847
Nitella syncarpa f. leiopyrena A.Braun 1847
Nitella syncarpa f. brachyphylla L.J.Wahlstedt 1875
Nitella syncarpa f. longifolia L.J.Wahlstedt 1875
Nitella syncarpa f. minor L.J.Wahlstedt 1875
Nitella syncarpa f. robustior L.J.Wahlstedt 1875
Nitella syncarpa f. tenuior L.J.Wahlstedt 1875
Nitella syncarpa var. longicuspis Nordstedt 1882
Tolypella coutinhoi A.G.Cunha 1935

Distributional notes
Nitella capillaris is a rare species found in most countries in Europe. Its distribution is restricted to the Northern hemisphere (Stewart & Church 1992). In the Nordic countries the species has been found in Denmark and Sweden, but all finds are old. In Sweden the last find is from 1915 and in Denmark the last find is from 1938 (Hasslow 1931, Olsen 1944, Gärdenfors 2005). Known distribution of Nitella capillaris in the area. All finds are old. The species has been found in the southern part of Scandinavia. The locality in Jämtland is difficult to locate precisely. - (9 Jan 2012) -

Conservational notes
Sweden: CR . This fertility of this species is very low, and the number of localities has decreased by nearly 90%. It is most probable that it still exists in one or more of the localities. Proposed red list status for the whole area is CR (critical endangered). - (9 Jan 2012) -

General environment
This is a freshwater species.

This is a slender species up to 20-30 cm in height. It is dioecious and has the gametangia in small heads which are enveloped in mucus. The mucus is only visible in the first part of the fructification. In contrast to N. capillaris the branchlets of the female plants are simple and undivided. The oogonia are up to 700 m in diameter. The oospores (300  450 m long) are black and have low ridges. The antheridium is up to 700 m in diameter.

Nitella syncarpa is found in clear waters, in ditches, marshes and lakes. In Sweden the species is recorded from lakes, rivers and marshes with calcareous water (pH= 6.5-8.0). N. syncarpa is an autumn species, with mature gametangia from July to September (cfr. N. capillaris).

Similar species
Nitella capillaris

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Borisova, O.V. (2015 '2014'). Charales. In: Algae of Ukraine: diversity, nomenclature, taxonomy, ecology and geography. Volume 4: Charophyta. (Tsarenko, P.M., Wasser, S.P. & Nevo, E. Eds), pp. 454-465. Ruggell: Koeltz Scientific Books.

Bryant, J.A. & Stewart, N.F. (2011). Phylum Chlorophyta. Order Charales. In: The freshwater algal flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. Second edition. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 742-765. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Cirujano, S, Cambra, J., Sánchez Castillo, P.M., Meco, A. & Flor Arnau, N. (2008). Flora ibérica algas continentales. Carófitos (Characeae). pp. [1]-132, 125 figs. Madrid: Real Jardín Botánico.

Ernst,A. (1901). Ueber Pseudo-Hermaphroditismus und andere Missbildungen der oogonien von Nitella syncarpa (Thuill.) Kützing. Flora 88: 1-36, Taf. I-III.

Hy, F., (1913). Les Characées de France. Bulletin de la Société Botanique de France 60 (Mémoires 26): 1-47, pls. I-III.

Schubert, H. & Blindow, I. (eds) (2003). Charophytes of the Baltic Sea. pp. 1-326, pls I-VI. Ruggell: A.R.G. Ganter Verlag.

Urbaniak, J. & Gabka, M. (2014). Polish Charophytes. An illustrated guide to identification. pp. [1]-120. Wroclaw: Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy we Wroclawiu.

Watterlot, A. & Prey, T. (2016). Inventaire des Characées sur le territoire picard (Aisne, Oise et Somme): Évaluation patrimoniale. Version No. 2, décembre 2016. pp. [1]-30, Annexe, 31-56 [Maps]. Bailleul: Centre régional de phytosociologie. Conservatoire botanique national de Bailleul.

Created: 13 March 2006 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 10 March 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 994 times since it was created.

Verification of data
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(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Ernst,A. (1901). Ueber Pseudo-Hermaphroditismus und andere Missbildungen der oogonien von Nitella syncarpa (Thuill.) Kützing. Flora 88: 1-36, Taf. I-III.

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Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 25 February 2020.

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