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Caulerpa lycopodium C.Agardh 1817

Publication details
Caulerpa lycopodium C.Agardh 1817: xxiii [23]

Published in: Agardh, C.A. (1817). Synopsis algarum Scandinaviae, adjecta dispositione universali algarum. pp. [i]-xl, [1]-135. Lundae [Lund]: Ex officina Berlingiana.
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Publication date: Mai-Dec 1817 (p. vii: i Mai 1817)

Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Caulerpa is Caulerpa prolifera (Forsskål) J.V.Lamouroux.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Digenea simplex (Wulfen) C.Agardh

No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

Nomenclatural notes
Treated here as a new name for Fucus lycopodium Turner, 1811-1819, nom. illeg., in accordance with Silva, Basson & Moe (1995: 290) who write "The synonymy was proposed by J. Agardh (1863: 845). Stackhouse (1801: 107, pl. XVII, in part) illustrated an alga that he associated with Fucus lycopodioides Linnaeus (1767a: 717) (Rhodomela lycopodioides (Linnaeus) C. Agardh), but which in fact is probably Cladostephus spongiosus (Hudson) C. Agardh. Stackhouse changed the Linnaean epithet to lycopodium. Turner (l.c.) received an alga from the Red Sea that he associated with Stackhouse's illustration, suggesting that the alga illustrated by Stackhouse had come from the Mediterranean rather than from Yarmouth, England, as stated by Stackhouse. Knowing that Fucus lycopodioides had nothing to do with the alga from the Red Sea, Turner cited Fucus lycopodium Stackhouse, but with the exclusion of all synonyms. In accordance with Art. 48.1, Turner is considered to have described a new species whose name is a later homonym. Caulerpa lycopodium is treated as a nomen novum in accordance with Art. 58.3. It is difficult to understand why C. Agardh initially referred Turner's plant to Caulerpa." - (28 Jul 2017) - M.D. Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Source of current name
Agardh, J.G. (1863). Species genera et ordines algarum, seu descriptiones succinctae specierum, generum et ordinum, quibus algarum regnum constituitur. Volumen secundum: algas florideas complectens. Part 2, fasc. 3. pp. 787-1138, 1158-1291. Lundae [Lund]: C.W.K. Gleerup. [in Latin]

Key references
Silva, P.C., Basson, P.W. & Moe, R.L. (1996). Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean. University of California Publications in Botany 79: [i]-xiv, 1-1259.

Created: 04 October 1998 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 28 July 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 853 times since it was created.

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Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=12612

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 15 April 2021.

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