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Porphyra pulchella Ackland, J.A.West, J.L.Scott & Zuccarello

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Bangiophyceae
Subclass Bangiophycidae
Order Bangiales
Family Bangiaceae
Genus Porphyra

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Porphyra pulchella Ackland, J.A.West, J.L.Scott & Zuccarello
Fig. 1. Small 2 mm orbiculate blade formed at 14°C. Scale bar = 0.2 mm. Fig. 2. Lanceolate 20 mm blade with spermatangia and phyllosporangia in linear streaks at the apical end. Scale bar = 5 mm. Fig. 3. Basal attachment with multiple rhizoids. Scale ba. John West. © John West (jwest@unimelb.edu.au).

 

Publication details
Porphyra pulchella Ackland, J.A.West, J.L.Scott & Zuccarello 2006: 196

Published in: Ackland, J.C., West, J.A., Scott, J., Zuccarello, G.C. & Broom, J. (2006). Biology of Porphyra pulchella sp. nov. from Australia and New Zealand. Algae 21(2): 193-208, 24 figs.
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Porphyra is Porphyra purpurea (Roth) C.Agardh.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Pyropia pulchella (Ackland, J.A.West, J.L.Scott & Zuccarello) T.J.Farr & J.E.Sutherland

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), beautiful and little (Stearn 1973).

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

General environment
This is a marine species.

Description
Blades pinkish-red, lacking stipe, round to ovate (0.5-3 mm at 21 ± 2°C) or linear-lanceolate (10-25 mm at 14 ± 2°C). Margins of mature blades moderately undulate giving thalli a slightly ruffled appearance. Blades monostromatic, 19-21 µm thick. Cell divisions diffuse and marginal. Marginal cells in one or two rows, quadrate (20-24 µm) to elongate, 20-24 µm wide and 40-48 µm long; central vegetative cells becoming irregularly arranged, polygonal (19-24 µm); basal cells irregularly arranged, polygonal and becoming elongate, mostly larger than central vegetative cells, chloroplasts single and stellate with one pyrenoid. Archeosporangia along the upper blade margin, regularly arranged, relatively quadrate (19-22 µm). Liberated archeospores 10-14 µm in diameter, exhibiting amoeboid and gliding motility. Monoecious; spermatangia conspicuous, elongate, pale streaks along the upper blade, intermixed with streaks of presumed phyllosporangia; 32 spermatangia formed by division [a/4, b/4, c/2], 4-6 µm in diameter, immotile when discharged. Phyllosporangia dark pinkish-red, larger than spermatangial cells, single or divided into groups of 2-4; phyllospores 14-16 µm in diameter and exhibiting amoeboid motion. Conchocelis pinkish-red dense tuft of fine, branched, uniseriate filaments with the ability to embed in mollusc shells. Cell divisions intercalary. Cells short to elongate, 9-12 µm wide and 32-40 µm long, connected by primary pit connections; chloroplast single, elongate, twisted and parietal with one or more pyrenoids. Conchosporangia dark pinkish-red, formed as uniseriate filaments and in clusters of 2-12 cells, isodiametric in surface view, short to elongate, 10- 27 µm wide and 7-27 µm long. Liberated conchospores 10-14 µm in diameter, exhibiting amoeboid motion.

Type information
Type locality: Nelsons Lagoon (36°41'S, 149°59'E), Mimosa Rock National Park, New South Wales, Australia (Ackland et al. 2006: 196). Holotype: 16 xii 1998; on pneumatophores of the mangrove Avicennia marina. NSW 722255 (blades); conchocelis (722445) (Ackland et al. 2006 Notes: Holotype culture: CCAP 1379/3. Culture Collection of Algae and Protozoa, SAMS Research Services Ltd., Dunstaffnage Marine Laboratory, Dunbeg, Argyll, PA37 1QA, UK. Blade and conchocelis phases of isolate 3923 are included. Paratype: NSW 722446, Royal Botanic Gardens, Mrs. Macquaries Road, Sydney, NSW 2000, Australia. Collection data: 6 iv 2004, in a band of Caloglossa vieillardii (Kützing) Setchell on wood pilings at Westgate Bridge, Port Phillip Bay, Victoria (37°49'S, 144°53'E). Collected by J.A.West (Sutherland et al. 2011)

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Sutherland, J.E., Lindstrom, S.C., Nelson, W.A., Brodie, J., Lynch, M.D., Hwang, M.S., Choi, H.-G., Miyata, M., Kikuchi, N., Oliveira, M.C., Farr, T., Neefus, C., Mols-Mortensen, A. Milstein, D. & Müller, K.M. (2011). A new look at an ancient order: generic revision of the Bangiales (Rhodophyta). Journal of Phycology 47(5): 1131-1151.

Created: 08 September 2007 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 17 January 2012 by Wendy Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 1339 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Ackland, J.C., West, J.A. & Pickett-Heaps, J. (2007). Actin and myosin regulate pseudopodia of Porphyra pulchella (Rhodophyta) archeospores. Journal of Phycology 43: 129-138.
Ackland, J.C., West, J.A., Scott, J., Zuccarello, G.C. & Broom, J. (2006). Biology of Porphyra pulchella sp. nov. from Australia and New Zealand. Algae 21(2): 193-208, 24 figs.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=132606

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
Wendy Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 22 October 2019.

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