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Chromastrum microscopicum (Nägeli ex Kützing) Papenfuss 1945

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Nemaliophycidae
Order Acrochaetiales
Family Acrochaetiaceae
Genus Chromastrum

Pictures

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Chromastrum microscopicum (Nägeli ex Kützing) Papenfuss
Hawaii; scale 20 µm. 12 Aug 2011. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

Chromastrum microscopicum (Nägeli ex Kützing) Papenfuss
Hawaii; growing on Chaetomorpha; scale 20 µm. 12 Aug 2011. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

 

Rytiphlaea spinulosa (Harvey) P.C.Silva

Acrochaetium microscopicum (Nägeli ex Kützing) Nägeli Hawaii; growing on Chaetomorpha; scale 20 µm
© J.M. Huisman

Publication details
Chromastrum microscopicum (Nägeli ex Kützing) Papenfuss 1945: 322

Published in: Papenfuss, G.F. (1945). Review of the Acrochaetium-Rhodochorton complex of the red algae. University of California Publications in Botany 18: 229-334.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Chromastrum is Chromastrum virgatulum (Harvey) Papenfuss.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Acrochaetium microscopicum (Nägeli ex Kützing) Nägeli

Basionym
Callithamnion microscopicum Nägeli ex Kützing

Type information
Type locality: "Golfo di Napoli, Italy" [Holotype from Torquay, England] (Kützing 1849: 64-). Holotype: L 940, 285 ... 306 (Womersley 1994: 61). Notes: Athanasiadis (1996:18) and Womersley (1994: 61) cite Torquay, Devon, England as the type locality of this species. Woelkerling (1972: 86) notes that although Kützing (1849: 640) cited the Bay of Naples as the type locality, Hamel (1927; 1928) has indicated that the type collection came from Torquay, England and is represented by specimen 454 in Hauck and Richter's "Phykotheca Universalis". The type specimen in the Kützing collections at L contains only plants collected by Naegeli in England (identical to those distributed in Hauck and Richter) and none from the Bay of Naples.

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), microscopic (Stearn 1985).

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Source of current name
Nägeli, C. & Cramer, C. (1858). Die Stärkekörner: Morphologische, physiologische, chemisch-physicalische und systematisch-botanische Monographie. Pflanzenphysiologische Untersuchungen. 2. Heft. pp. [i]-x, [1]-623, pls XI-XXVI. Zürich: bei Fredrich Schultness.

Key references
Garbary, D.J. (1987). The Acrochaetiaceae (Rhodophyta): an annotated bibliography. Bibliotheca Phycologica 77: 1-267, 2 tables.

Created: 30 November 1998 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 24 March 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 277 times since it was created.

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Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=13791

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 27 July 2021.

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