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Sirophysalis trinodis (Forsskal) Kützing

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Phylum Ochrophyta
Class Phaeophyceae
Subclass Fucophycidae
Order Fucales
Family Sargassaceae
Genus Sirophysalis


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Sirophysalis trinodis (Forsskal) Kützing
Long Reef, Western Australia. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

Sirophysalis trinodis (Forsskal) Kützing
Barrow Island, Western Australia. 25 May 2011. John Huisman. © John Huisman (j.huisman@murdoch.edu.au).

Sirophysalis trinodis (Forsskal) Kützing
Tanzania. Katrin Østerlund. © Katrin Oesterlund (Katrin.Osterlund@uadm.uu.se).

Sirophysalis trinodis (Forsskal) Kützing
Ningaloo Reef, Western Australia.. John Huisman. © John Huisman (j.huisman@murdoch.edu.au).


Spongomorpha vernalis (Kjellman) Jónsson

Sirophysalis trinodis (Forsskal) Kützing Barrow Island, Western Australia
© John Huisman (j.huisman@murdoch.edu.au)

Publication details
Sirophysalis trinodis (Forsskal) Kützing 1849: 603

Published in: Kützing, F.T. (1849). Species algarum. pp. [i]-vi, [1]-922. Lipsiae [Leipzig]: F.A. Brockhaus.
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Publication date: 23-24 July 1849

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Sirophysalis is Sirophysalis muricata (C.Agardh) Kützing.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Fucus trinodis Forsskål

Type information
Type locality: "Hae tres species ad littora urbis Tór" [El Tûr, Sinai Peninsula, Egypt] (Forsskål 1775: 192). Lectotype: C Herbarium Forsskålii No. 889 (Womersley 1987: 358). Notes: Lectotype (C) illustrated in Boisset & Ferrer-Gallego (2015: fig. 2 B).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus trinodis Forsskål 1775
Cystoseira trinodis (Forsskål) C.Agardh 1820
Cystophyllum trinode (Forsskål) J.Agardh 1848

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus onustus Mertens 1819
Sargassum onustum (Mertens) C.Agardh 1820
Cystoseira trinodis var. confluens C.Agardh 1824
Cystophyllum onustum (Mertens) J.Agardh 1848

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Cystoseira trinodis (Forsskål) C.Agardh)
Africa: Ethiopia (Papenfuss 1968), Kenya (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Bolton, Oyieke & Gwanda 2007), Madagascar (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Mauritius (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Mozambique (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Somalia (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), South Africa (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Tanzania (incl. Zanzibar) (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Oliveira, Österlund & Mtolera 2005).

Middle East: Bahrain (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Egypt (Papenfuss 1968), Iran (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Sohrabipour & Rabii 1999), Jordan (Papenfuss 1968), Kuwait (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Oman (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Qatar (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Saudi Arabia (Papenfuss 1968, Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Yemen (Papenfuss 1968, Silva, Basson & Moe 1996).

South-west Asia: Abu Dhabi (John 2005), India (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Sahoo et al. 2001), Pakistan (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996), Sri Lanka (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996).

South-east Asia: Indonesia (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996, Atmadja & Prud'homme van Reine 2014).

Asia: South China Sea (Phang & al. 2016).

Australia and New Zealand: Houtman Abrolhos (Huisman 1997), Lord Howe Island (Lewis 1985, Kraft 2009), Northern Territory (Lewis 1985), Queensland (Lewis 1985, Phillips 1997, Phillips 2002, Kraft 2009), South Australia (Womersley 1987, Huisman 2002), Victoria (Shepherd et al. 2009), Western Australia (Womersley 1987, Huisman & Walker 1990, Huisman & Borowitzka 2003).

Pacific Islands: New Caledonia (Payri 2007).

(as Sirophysalis trinodis (Forsskal) Kützing)
Middle East: Iran (Kokabi & Yousefzadi 2015), Kuwait (Al-Yamani & al. 2014), Oman (Wynne 2018).

South-west Asia: Arabian Gulf (John & Al-Thani 2014).

South-east Asia: Philippines (Ang, Sin Man Leung & Mei Mei Choi 2014).

Australia and New Zealand: Australia (Huisman 2019), South Australia (Dixon et al. 2012), Western Australia (Dixon et al. 2012, Dixon & Huisman 2015).

Key references
Boisset, F. & Ferrer-Gallego, P.P. (2015). Typification of the Indo-Pacific Sirophysalis trinodis (Fucales: Sargassaceae). Taxon 64(6): 1275-1279, 3 figs.

Dixon, R.R.M. & Huisman, J.M. (2015). Fucales. In: Algae of Australia: marine benthic algae of north-western Australia. 1. Green and brown algae. (Huisman, J.M. Eds), pp. 245-275. Canberra & Melbourne: ABRS & CSIRO Publishing.

Draisma, S.G.A., Ballesteros, E., Rousseau, F. & Thibaut, T. (2010). DNA sequence data demonstrate the polyphyly of the genus Cystoseira and other Sargassaceae genera (Phaeophyceae). Journal of Phycology 46(6): 1329-1345.

Huisman, J.M. (2019). Marine plants of Australia Revised edition. pp. [i]-xviii, [1]-435, numerous col. figs. Crawley Western Australia: UWA Publishing.

Created: 08 February 2011 by Wendy Guiry

Verified by: 17 January 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 1002 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Boisset, F. & Ferrer-Gallego, P.P. (2015). Typification of the Indo-Pacific Sirophysalis trinodis (Fucales: Sargassaceae). Taxon 64(6): 1275-1279, 3 figs.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 26 February 2020.

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