161,427 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,723 images, 62,830 bibliographic items, 473,328 distributional records.

Alcyonium bursa Linnaeus 1758

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Eukaryota unassigned
Phylum Eukaryota unassigned phylum
Class Eukaryota unassigned class
Order Eukaryota unassigned order
Family Eukaryota unassigned family
Genus Alcyonium

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Alcyonium bursa Linnaeus
  Granada, Spain. 17 Mar 2021.  M. Altamirano. © Maria Altamirano Jeschke .

Alcyonium bursa Linnaeus
  Granada, Spain. 17 Mar 2021.  M. Altamirano. © Maria Altamirano Jeschke .

Alcyonium bursa Linnaeus
  Granada, Spain. 17 Mar 2021.  M. Altamirano. © Maria Altamirano Jeschke .

Alcyonium bursa Linnaeus
  Granada, Spain. 17 Mar 2021.  M. Altamirano. © Maria Altamirano Jeschke .

Alcyonium bursa Linnaeus
Leitir Calaidh, Co. na Gaillimhe, Ireland; shallow water on rock. 24 Apr 2019. Lin Baldock. © Lin Baldock.

Alcyonium bursa Linnaeus
Leitir Calaidh, Co. na Gaillimhe, Ireland; shallow water on rock. Lin Baldock. © Lin Baldock.

Alcyonium bursa Linnaeus
Denia, Alicante, Spain. 02 Nov 2014. Isabel Rubio Perez. © marmenormarmayor.es.

Alcyonium bursa Linnaeus
upper subtidal, Marseille, France, 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Alcyonium bursa Linnaeus
upper subtidal, Marseille, France, 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Alcyonium bursa Linnaeus
subtidal (17 m depth), over maërl, South of Portugal, 2008. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

1  2  Next

13 Found - Displaying 1 through 10

 

Delesseria adnata Zanardini

Codium bursa (Linnaeus) C.Agardh Selce, northern Croatia
© Mat Vestjens & Anne Frijsinger (annenmat@natuurlijkmooi.net)

Publication details
Alcyonium bursa Linnaeus 1758: 803

Published in: Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Editio decima revisa. Vol. 1 pp. [i-iv], [1]-823. Holmiae [Stockholm]: impensis direct. Laurentii Salvii.
 Download PDF

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Alcyonium is .

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Codium bursa (Linnaeus) C.Agardh

Type information
Type locality: "in O. Europaeo." (Silva & al. 1996: 898).

Origin of species name
Noun (Latin), A genus name used by C. Bauhin; also a purse; originally an oxhide, animal skin (Newton 1931).

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

Nomenclatural notes
The type of Alcyonium bursa Linnaeus is said to be the basionym for a sponge, Weberella bursa (L.) (M. Spencer-Jones in Spencer, Irvine & Jarvis (2009: 239). However, Van Soest & Plotkin (2021: 196) concluded "(a) Alcyonium bursa Linnaeus, 1758 is NOT the basionym for a sponge, as Linnaeus's references do not contain any recognisable sponge. (b) The sole extant original material is NOT an illustration in Ellis (1755), because this is preceded by a clearly different illustration in J. Bauhinus (1651), volume III, page 794. It is illogical and unreasonable to select Linnaeus's fourth reference in preference over the first reference (and two additional supporting references). (c) The illustrations in plate 17, figs B,C,D in Ellis (1755) depict clearly a tunicate, NOT a sponge. The statement of Spencer et al. (2009) cited above is thus contradictory. (d) The correct authorship for Codium bursa would seem to be Linnaeus, 1758, not Olivi, 1792. Olivi%u2019s authorship was erroneously promoted under ICBN Art. 58.1, because the basionym was assigned to a metazoan (either sponge or tunicate) based on an unsupported personal communication. (e) The true author for the sponge Weberella bursa is Vosmaer, 1885, and his specimens represent the type material." - (29 Dec 2007) - M.D. Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

No distributions recorded
No distributional records for this taxon have been recorded by AlgaeBase to date. Generally, recent national lists or extensive regional or state lists have been employed to give a general indication of distribution.

Source of current name
Agardh, C.A. (1817). Synopsis algarum Scandinaviae, adjecta dispositione universali algarum. pp. [i]-xl, [1]-135. Lundae [Lund]: Ex officina Berlingiana.

Key references
Spencer, M.A., Irvine, L.M. & Jarvis, C.E. (2009). Typification of Linnaean names relevant to algal nomenclature. Taxon 58: 237-260.

Created: 30 November 1998 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 09 April 2021 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 643 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Van Soest, R.W.M. & Plotkin, A. (2021). Alcyonium bursa Linnaeus, 1758 is not a sponge. Zootaxa 4951(1): 193-200, 3 figs.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=13906

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 07 May 2021.

SITE © 1996 - 2021 M.D. Guiry. All rights reserved.

Website Design : 249 Design Studio