Alcyonium bursa 1758
Codium bursa (Linnaeus) C.Agardh Selce, northern Croatia
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Alcyonium bursa Linnaeus 1758: 803
Published in: Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Editio decima revisa. Vol. 1 pp. [i-iv], -823. Holmiae [Stockholm]: impensis direct. Laurentii Salvii.
The type species (holotype) of the genus Alcyonium is .
Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Codium bursa (Linnaeus) C.Agardh
Type locality: "in O. Europaeo." (Silva & al. 1996: 898).
Origin of species name
Noun (Latin), A genus name used by C. Bauhin; also a purse; originally an oxhide, animal skin (Newton 1931).
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.
The type of Alcyonium bursa Linnaeus is said to be the basionym for a sponge, Weberella bursa (L.) (M. Spencer-Jones in Spencer, Irvine & Jarvis (2009: 239). However, Van Soest & Plotkin (2021: 196) concluded "(a) Alcyonium bursa Linnaeus, 1758 is NOT the basionym for a sponge, as Linnaeus's references do not contain any recognisable sponge. (b) The sole extant original material is NOT an illustration in Ellis (1755), because this is preceded by a clearly different illustration in J. Bauhinus (1651), volume III, page 794. It is illogical and unreasonable to select Linnaeus's fourth reference in preference over the first reference (and two additional supporting references). (c) The illustrations in plate 17, figs B,C,D in Ellis (1755) depict clearly a tunicate, NOT a sponge. The statement of Spencer et al. (2009) cited above is thus contradictory. (d) The correct authorship for Codium bursa would seem to be Linnaeus, 1758, not Olivi, 1792. Olivi%u2019s authorship was erroneously promoted under ICBN Art. 58.1, because the basionym was assigned to a metazoan (either sponge or tunicate) based on an unsupported personal communication. (e) The true author for the sponge Weberella bursa is Vosmaer, 1885, and his specimens represent the type material." - (29 Dec 2007) - M.D. Guiry
This is a marine species.
No distributions recorded
No distributional records for this taxon have been recorded by AlgaeBase to date. Generally, recent national lists or extensive regional or state lists have been employed to give a general indication of distribution.
Source of current name
Agardh, C.A. (1817). Synopsis algarum Scandinaviae, adjecta dispositione universali algarum. pp. [i]-xl, -135. Lundae [Lund]: Ex officina Berlingiana.
Spencer, M.A., Irvine, L.M. & Jarvis, C.E. (2009). Typification of Linnaean names relevant to algal nomenclature. Taxon 58: 237-260.
Created: 30 November 1998 by M.D. Guiry
Verified by: 09 April 2021 by M.D. Guiry
Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 643 times since it was created.
Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)
Van Soest, R.W.M. & Plotkin, A. (2021). Alcyonium bursa Linnaeus, 1758 is not a sponge. Zootaxa 4951(1): 193-200, 3 figs.
Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=13906
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 07 May 2021.