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Cladophora fracta (O.F.Müller ex Vahl) Kützing

Publication details
Cladophora fracta (O.F.Müller ex Vahl) Kützing 1843: 263

Published in: Kützing, F.T. (1843). Phycologia generalis oder Anatomie, Physiologie und Systemkunde der Tange. Mit 80 farbig gedruckten Tafeln, gezeichnet und gravirt vom Verfasser. pp. [part 1]: [i]-xxxii, [1]-142, [part 2:] 143-458, 1, err.], pls 1-80. Leipzig: F.A. Brockhaus.
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Publication date: 14-16 Sep 1843

Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Cladophora is Cladophora oligoclona (Kützing) Kützing.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Conferva fracta O.F.Müller ex Vahl

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Conferva fracta O.F.Müller ex Vahl 1787
Rothella fracta (Müller ex Vahl) Gallion 1833

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Cladophora fracta var. sudetica (Kützing) Wittrock
Conferva funiformis Roth 1797
Conferva flavescens Roth 1798
Conferva crispata var. longissima Roth 1806
Conferva fracta var. prolifera Agardh 1817
Conferva patens var. prolifera (Agardh) Agardh 1824
Conferva patens C.Agardh 1824
Conferva sericea var. elongata C.Agardh 1824
Conferva fracta var. patens (Agardh) Kützing 1833
Conferva crispata var. subterrestris Kützing 1833
Cladophora flavescens (Roth) Kützing 1843
Aegagropila agardhii Kützing 1843
Cladophora vitrea Kützing 1843
Cladophora fracta var. prolifera (Agardh) Kützing 1845
Cladophora funiformis (Roth) Kützing 1845
Cladophora patens (Agardh) Kützing 1845
Cladophora fracta var. terrestris Kützing 1845
Cladophora crispata var. vitrea (Kützing) Kützing 1845
Cladophora fracta var. horrida Kützing 1845
Cladophora fracta var. subsimplex Kützing 1845
Cladophora rigidula Kützing 1845
Cladophora sudetica Kützing 1845
Cladophora viadrina Kützing 1845
Conferva crispata var. vitrea (Kützing) Rabenhorst 1847
Conferva rigidula (Kützing) Rabenhorst 1847
Conferva sudetica (Kützing) Rabenhorst 1847
Conferva viadrina (Kützing) Rabenhorst 1847
Cladophora fracta var. genuina f. prolifera (C.Agardh) Kützing 1849
Cladophora crispata var. thermalis Brügger ex Wartmann & Schenk 1863
Cladophora fracta var. normalis Rabenhorst 1868
Cladophora fracta var. patens (Agardh) Rabenhorst 1868
Cladophora fracta f. horrida (Kützing) Rabenhorst 1868
Cladophora canalicularis var. squarrulosa (Grunow ex Rabenhorst) Rabenhorst 1868
Cladophora fracta var. viadrina (Kützing) Kirchner 1878
Cladophora fracta var. flexuosa Holmes ex Batters 1902
Cladophora fracta f. flavescens (Roth) Collins 1903
Cladophora fracta f. submarina Schiffner 1931

Distributional notes
This is generally regarded as a freshwater species that may extend into slightly branchish waters (Burrows, 1991: 4; John, 2002: 469). Nielsen & Gunnarsson (2001: 92) record this species as being an excluded species for the Faroe Islands.

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Cladophora fracta (O.F.Müller ex Vahl) Kützing)
Swedish: Näckhår (Tolstoy & Österlund 2003).

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Cladophora fracta (O.F.Müller ex Vahl) Kützing)
Arctic: Arctic Russia (Hoek 1963), Svalbard (Spitsbergen) (Gulliksen et al. 1999), White Sea (Garbary & Tarakhovskaya 2013).

Europe: Adriatic Sea (Giaccone 1978, Gallardo et al. 1993), Atlantic France (Burel, Le Duff & Ar Gall 2019), Balearic Islands (Cambra Sánchez, Álvarez Cobelas & Aboal Sanjurjo 1998), Baltic Sea (Nielsen et al. 1995, Kontula & Fürhapter 2012), Belgium (Hoek 1963), Black Sea (Gallardo et al. 1993), Britain (Hoek 1963, Hoek 1963, John 2002, Whitton et al. 2003, Brodie et al. 2007, Brodie et al. 2016), Channel Islands (Lyle 1920), Crimea (Sadogurskiy, Belich & Sadogurskaya 2019), Croatia (Hoek 1963), Denmark (Hoek 1963), France (Hoek 1963, Gallardo et al. 1993, Báez et al 2005a, Dizerbo & Herpe 2007, Anon. 2017), Georgia (Barinova et al. 2011, Barinova & Kukhaleishvili 2014, Barinova & Kukhaleishvili 2017), Germany (Hoek 1963, Ludwig & Schnittler 1996, Mauch & Schmedtje 2003, Täuscher 2014, Täuscher 2016, Stutz & Mattern (eds) et al. 2018), Greece (Tsiamis et al. ), Hungary (Hoek 1963), Ireland (Adams 1907, Adams 1908, Cotton 1912, Pybus 1977, Morton 1994), Italy (Hoek 1963, Furnari, Cormaci & Serio 1999, Rindi, Sartoni & Cinelli 2002), Netherlands (Hoek 1963, Veen et al. 2015), Poland (Hoek 1963), Romania (Hoek 1963, Caraus 2002, Caraus 2012, Caraus 2017), Sardinia (Gallardo et al. 1993), Scandinavia (Karlason et al. 2018), Slovakia (Hindák & Hindáková 2016), Spain (Aboal & Llimona 1984, Alvárez Cobelas & Gallardo 1986, Aboal 1988b, Cambra Sánchez, Álvarez Cobelas & Aboal Sanjurjo 1998, Cantoral Uiza & Aboal Sanjurjo 2001, Moreno et al. 2001), Spain (incl. Canary Is.) (Gallardo et al. 2016), Sweden (Kylin 1907, Kylin 1949, Hoek 1963, Tolstoy & Österlund 2003), Ukraine (Burova et al. 2011), Veneto (Sfriso 2011).

Atlantic Islands: Bermuda (Taylor 1960, Schneider 2003), Canary Islands (Cambra Sánchez, Álvarez Cobelas & Aboal Sanjurjo 1998), Iceland (Hoek 1963, Munda 1979).

North America: Arkansas (AR) (Smith 2010), Great Lakes (Prescott 1962, Prescott 1962), Mexico (Caribbean) (Mendoza-González, Mateo-Cid & García-López 2017), Northwest Territories (Sheath & Steinman 1982), Québec (Poulin, Hamilton & Proulx 1995).

Caribbean Islands: Bahamas (Taylor 1960), Cuba (Comas González 2008, Comas González 2009).

South America: Chile (Ramírez & Santelices 1991), Temperate South America (Ramírez & Santelices 1991), Uruguay (Howe 1931).

Africa: Sudan (Reinhold 1937), Tunisia (Ben Maiz, Boudouresque & Quahchi 1987, Gallardo et al. 1993, Báez et al 2005a).

Middle East: Iraq (Maulood et al. 2013), Turkey (Gallardo et al. 1993, Zeybek, Güner & Aysel 1993, Aysel 2005, Taskin et al. 2008 , Taskin et al. 2008 , Varol & Sen 2014, Taskin (ed.) et al. 2019).

South-west Asia: India (Gupta 2012).

South-east Asia: Myanmar (Burma) (Skuja 1949).

Asia: China (Hu & Wei 2006, Liu & Hu et al. 2012), Japan (Hirose, Yamagishi & Akiyama 1977), Russia (Far East) (Medvedeva & Nikulina 2014, Medvedeva & Nikulina 2019), Tajikistan (Barinova & Niyatbekov 2018).

Australia and New Zealand: New Zealand (Chapman, Thompson & Segar 1957), Queensland (Lewis 1987, Day et al. 1995, Bostock & Holland 2010), South Australia (Day et al. 1995), Victoria (Day et al. 1995), Western Australia (Skinner & Entwisle 2004).

(as Cladophora flavescens (Roth) Kützing)
Europe: Ireland (Adams 1908).

North America: Connecticut (CT) (Schneider, Suyemoto & Yarish 1979), Maine (ME) (Taylor 1957), New York (NY) (Taylor 1957).

Australia and New Zealand: Victoria (Day et al. 1995).

(as Cladophora fracta var. horrida Kützing)
Europe: Romania (Caraus 2002).

(as Cladophora fracta var. subsimplex Kützing)
South America: Uruguay (Howe 1931).

(as Cladophora fracta var. normalis Rabenhorst)
Europe: Romania (Caraus 2002).

North America: Great Lakes (Prescott 1962).

Middle East: Iraq (Maulood et al. 2013).

Australia and New Zealand: Queensland (Day et al. 1995).

(as Cladophora fracta var. flexuosa Holmes ex Batters)
Europe: Britain (Newton 1931).

Key references
Burova, O.V., Tsarenko, P.M., Kovalenko, O.V., Mikhailyuk, T.I., Petlovany, O.A., Lilitska, G.G. & Bilous, O.P. (2011). Ulvophyceae. In: Algae of Ukraine: diversity, nomenclature, taxonomy, ecology and geography. Volume 3: Chlorophyta. (Tsarenko, P.M., Wasser, S.P. & Nevo, E. Eds), pp. 20-61. Ruggell: A.R.A. Gantner Verlag K.-G.

Cormaci, M., Furnari, G., & Alongi, G. (2014). Flora marina bentonica del Mediterraneo: Chlorophyta. Bollettino dell'Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali di Catania 47: 11-436.

Hirose, H., Yamagishi, T. & Akiyama, M. (1977). Illustrations of the Japanese fresh-water algae. pp. [8 col. pls], [1]-933, 244 pls in text. Tokyo: Uchida Rokakuho Publishing Co., Ltd. [in Japanese]

Hoek, C. van den (1963). Revision of the European species of Cladophora. pp. [i]-vii, [1]-248, 1 fig., 55 pls, 18 maps. Leiden: E.J. Brill.

Hu, H. & Wei, Y. (2006). The freshwater algae of China. Systematics, taxonomy and ecology. pp. [4 pls of 16 figs], [i-iv], i-xv, 1-1023. China: www.sciencep.com.

John, D.M. (2002). Order Cladophorales (=Siphonocladales). In: The Freshwater Algal Flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 468-470. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Prescott, G.W. (1962). Algae of the Western Great Lakes area. With an illustrated key to the genera of desmids and freshwater diatoms. Revised [Second] edition. pp. [i]-xiii, 1-977. Dubuque, Iowa: Wm. C. Brown Company Publishers 135 South Locust Street.

Sfriso, A. (2011). Chlorophyta multicellulari e fanerogame acquatiche. Ambiente di transizione italiani e litorali adiacenti. pp. [1]-318, pls 1-94. Bologna: Arpa Emilia-Romagna.

Skinner, S. & T.J.Entwisle (2004). Non-marine algae of Australia: 6.Cladophoraceae (Chlorophyta). Telopea 10(3): 731-748, 6 fig.

Created: 12 December 1997 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 25 July 2018 by M.D. Guiry

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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 20 February 2020.

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