159,046 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,499 images, 61,695 bibliographic items, 462,690 distributional records.

Fucus bifidus Hudson, nom. illeg. 1778

Publication details
Fucus bifidus Hudson 1778: 581, nom. illeg.

Published in: Hudson, [W.] (1778). Flora anglica; exhibens plantas per regnum BritanniƦ sponte crescentes, distributas secundum systema sexuale: cum differentiis specierum, synonymis auctorum, nominibus incolarum, solo locorum, tempore florendi, officinalibus pharmacopƦorum. Tomus II. Editio altera, emendata et aucta.. pp. [i], 335-690. Londini [London]: impensis auctoris: prostant venales apud J. Nourse, in the Strand.
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Fucus is Fucus vesiculosus Linnaeus.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Rhodymenia pseudopalmata (J.V.Lamouroux) P.C.Silva

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

Nomenclatural notes
Illegitimate: not Fucus bifidus S.G.Gmelin (Gmelin 1768: 201). Woelkerling & al. (2020: 10) note, "In the absence of any known original material (defined in ICN Art. 9.4), Dixon & Irvine (1977a: 138) designated Hudson's (1778: 581) original description as lectotype of Fucus bifidus Hudson. Although such a designation was permitted under the then current Seattle Code (Stafleu & al. 1972), that option was deleted from the Berlin Code (Greuter & al. 1988), thereby limiting type designations to specimens or illustrations (see Art. 8.1 of the current ICN [Shenzhen Code]) and rendering inadmissible Dixon & Irvine's designation of a description as the type. Fucus bidifus Hudson has since remained without a nomenclatural type until the present study." and "Fucus bifidus Hudson has been neotypified here with an illustration (Turner 1809: pl. 73, fig. g) of the only known specimen identified by Hudson (probably in the 1780s) as Fucus bifidus Hudson. We have been unable to determine whether the actual specimen still exists; Turner (1809:5) indicated that it was amongst original specimens sent by Hudson to Sir Thomas Frankland (which later were seen by Turner), but it is not currently included in the online BM specimen data portal." - (2 Sep 2020) - M.D. Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Type information
Type locality: Hampshire, England (Turner 1811-1819: 5). Notes: Neotype: Turner (1809: pl. 73: fig. g); see Woelkerling & al. (2020: 8).

No distributions recorded
No distributional records for this taxon have been recorded by AlgaeBase to date. Generally, recent national lists or extensive regional or state lists have been employed to give a general indication of distribution.

Source of current name
Woelkerling, W.J., Furnari, G., Cormaci, M., McNeill, J. & Guiry, M.D. (2020). Typification and nomenclature of Rhodophyllis bifida and R. divaricata (Rhodophyta) in relation to Fucus bifidus Hudson, F. bifidus Turner, Bifida divaricata Stackhouse and Delesseria bifida J.V. Lamouroux. Notulae Algarum 154: 1-14, 5 figs.

Key references
Dixon, P.S. & Irvine, L.M. (1977). Seaweeds of the British Isles. Volume 1. Rhodophyta. Part 1. Introduction, Nemaliales, Gigartinales. pp. [i]-xi, [1]-252, 90 figs. London: British Museum (Natural History).

Dixon, P.S. & Irvine, L.M. (1977). Miscellaneous notes on algal taxonomy and nomenclature. IV. Botaniska Notiser 120: 137-141.

Created: 14 December 1998 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 02 September 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 1181 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Woelkerling, W.J., Furnari, G., Cormaci, M., McNeill, J. & Guiry, M.D. (2020). Typification and nomenclature of Rhodophyllis bifida and R. divaricata (Rhodophyta) in relation to Fucus bifidus Hudson, F. bifidus Turner, Bifida divaricata Stackhouse and Delesseria bifida J.V. Lamouroux. Notulae Algarum 154: 1-14, 5 figs.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=14188

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 28 September 2020.

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