163,347 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,769 images, 62,937 bibliographic items, 479,080 distributional records.

Ceramium rubrum C.Agardh 1811

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Ceramiales
Family Ceramiaceae
Subfamily Ceramioideae
Tribe Ceramieae
Genus Ceramium


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Ceramium rubrum C.Agardh
Cape Peron, Western Australia. 05 Jun 2019. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

Ceramium rubrum C.Agardh
Collected near Roscoff (F), December 1984. 29 Dec 2011. Elmar Wosnitza. © Christine Wosnitza.

Ceramium rubrum C.Agardh
Collected near Roscoff (F), December 1984. 29 Dec 2011. Elmar Wosnitza. © Christine Wosnitza.

Ceramium rubrum C.Agardh
Collected near Roscoff (F), December 1984. 29 Dec 2011. Elmar Wosnitza. © Christine Wosnitza.

Ceramium rubrum C.Agardh
Zeeland delta, Netherlands. 26 Mar 2011. Mat Vestjens & Anne Frijsinger. © Mat Vestjens & Anne Frijsinger (annenmat@natuurlijkmooi.net).

Ceramium rubrum C.Agardh
Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick, Canada. Colin Bates (colinba@interchange.ubc.ca). © Coastal Imageworks (colinba@interchange.ubc.ca).


Fucus axillaris var. subecostatus J.Agardh

Ceramium rubrum C.Agardh Collected near Roscoff (F), December 1984
© Christine Wosnitza

Publication details
Ceramium rubrum C.Agardh 1811: 17

Published in: Agardh, C.A. (1811). Dispositio algarum Sueciae, quam publico examini subjiciunt Carl Adolph Agardh... & Johannes Bruzelius, Scanus. Die xi decembris mdcccxi. p. ii. h. & l.s. pp. Pars 2: [i], 17-26. Lundae: Litteris Berlingianis.
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Publication date: 11 Dec 1811

Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Ceramium is Ceramium virgatum Roth.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Ceramium virgatum Roth

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), red (Stearn 1973).

No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

Taxonomic notes
Silva, Basson & Moe (1996) consider the circumscription and correct name of C. rubrum, which is commonly reported throughout the world as Ceramium rubrum (Hudson) C. Agardh 1811 to be uncertain. They note that the intended basionym of C. Agardh's combination is Conferva rubra Hudson 1762, a name rendered superfluous by Hudson's citation of Fucus cartilagineus Linnaeus 1753 in the protologue and that Conferva rubra must be treated as an illegitimate synonym of Plocamium cartilagineum (Linnaeus) Dixon. They advocate conserving Ceramium rubrum C. Agardh with a neotype. Maggs et al. (2002) present convincing arguments for recognising the name Ceramium virgatum Roth for this complex.

Distributional notes
Womersley (1998) reports this species from Fremantle, W. Aust (MEL 45384) to Wilsons Prom., Vic., and around Tasmania. He notes that it is usually confined to areas of calm to moderate water movement and that it is probably more widespread around the Australian coast. Supposedly widespread in warm seas.

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names used in commerce, often for edible algae
fa-tsai {Jap}

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Dawson, E.Y., Acleto, C. & Foldvik, N. (1964). The seaweeds of Peru. Beihefte zur Nova Hedwigia 13: 1-111, 81 pls.

Larsen, A. & Sand-Jensen, K. (2005). Salt tolerance and distribution of estuarine benthic macroalgae in the Kattegat-Baltic Sea area. Phycologia 45: 13-23.

Leonardi, P.I., Miravalles, A.B., Faugeron, S., Flores, V., Beltran, J. & Correa, J.A. (2006). Diversity, phenomenology and epidemiology of epiphytism in farmed Gracilaria chilensis (Rhodophyta) in northern Chile. European Journal of Phycology 41: 247-257.

Maggs, C.A., Ward, B.A., McIvor, L.M., Evans, C.M., Rueness, J. & Stanhope, M.J. (2002). Molecular analyses elucidate the taxonomy of fully corticated, nonspiny species of Ceramium (Ceramiaceae, Rhodophyta) in the British Isles. Phycologia 41: 409-420.

Papenfuss, G.F. (1964). Catalogue and bibliography of Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic benthic marine algae. In: Antarctic Research Series. Volume 1. Bibliography of the Antarctic Seas. (Lee, M.O. Eds), pp. 1-76. Washington D.C.: American Geophysical Union.

Scott, F.J. (2017). Marine plants of Tasmania. pp. [i]-viii, 1-360, numerous col. illus. Hobart: Tasmania Herbarium, Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery.

Silva, P.C., Basson, P.W. & Moe, R.L. (1996). Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean. University of California Publications in Botany 79: [i]-xiv, 1-1259.

Womersley, H.B.S. (1978). Southern Australian species of Ceramium Roth (Rhodophyta). Australian Journal of Botany 29: 205-257, 15 figs.

Womersley, H.B.S. (1998). The marine benthic flora of southern Australia - Part IIIC. Ceramiales - Ceramiaceae, Dasyaceae. pp. [1]-535, 235 figs, 4 col. figs in 2 pls. Canberra & Adelaide: Australian Biological Resources Study & State Herbarium of South Australia.

Zinova, A.D. (1955). Opredelitel' burykh vodorosley severnykh morey SSSR [Manual for identification of the brown algae of the northern seas of the USSR]. Vol. 2 pp. 220, 169 figures. Moscow & Leningrad: Izdatel'stvo Akademii Nauk SSSR. [in Russian]

Created: 15 December 1997 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 27 February 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 12006 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Chamberlain, A.H.L. (1974). Preliminary observations on the unicellular hairs of Ceramium rubrum (Huds.) C. Ag.. British Phycological Journal 9: 216.
Chemin, E. (1932). Sur l'existence de calles chez Ceramium rubrum Ag.,. Soc De Biol 104: 155.
Cormaci, M. & Motta, G. (1987). Osservazioni sulla morfologia di Ceramium rubrum (Hudson) C. Agardh (Rhodophyta, Ceramiales) in coltura e considerazioni sulla sua tassonomia. Boll. Acc. Gioenia Sci. Nat. 20: 239-251.
DeBoer, J.A. & Whorisky, F.G. (1983). Production and role of hyaline hairs in Ceramium rubrum. Marine Biology, Berlin 77: 229-234.
Eifion Jones, W. & Duerden, R.C. (1972). Variations in the morphology of the primary rhizoid in Ceramium rubrum (Huds.) C. Ag.. British Phycological Journal 7: 281.
Garbary, D., Grund, D. & McLachlan, J. (1980). Branching patterns and life history stages in Ceramium rubrum (Huds.) C. Ag.. Nova Hedwigia 33: 249-260.
Garbary, D.J., Grund, D. & McLachlan, J. (1978). The taxonomic status of Ceramium rubrum (Huds.) C. Ag. (Ceramiales, Rhodophyta) based on culture experiments. Phycologia 17: 85-94.
Ikawa, M., Thomas, V.M., Jr, Buckley, L.J. & Uebel, J.J. (1973). Sulfur and the toxicity of the red alga Ceramium rubrum to Bacillus subtilis. Journal of Phycology 9: 302-304.
Jones, A.M. & Jones, E.B.G. (1986). Studies on the marine fouling alga Ceramium rubrum I. Polarization of settled carpospores. Biodeterioration 6: 590-595.
Kylin, H. (1910). Über Phykoerythrin und Phykocyan bei Ceramium rubrum (Huds.) Ag.. Zeitschrift für physiologische Chemie 69: 169-239.
Michetti, K.M., Miravalles, A.B., Hughes, M.H. & Leonardi, P.I. (2016). Infection process of Ceramium rubrum (Rhodophyta, Ceramiales) on the agarophyte Gracilaria chilensis (Rhodophyta, Gracilariales). Botanica Marina 59(1): 51-61.
Miller, I.J. & Blunt, J.W. (2002). Evaluation of the structure of the Polysaccharides from Chondria macrocarpa and Ceramium rubrum as determined by 13C NMR Spectroscopy. Botanica Marina 45: 1-8.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 21 September 2021.

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