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Nitzschia bizertensis B.Smida, N.Lundholm, A.S.Hlaili & H.H.Mabrouk 2014

Publication details
Nitzschia bizertensis B.Smida, N.Lundholm, A.S.Hlaili & H.H.Mabrouk in Smida & al. 2014: 60, figs 2-5

Published in: Smida, B., Lundholm, N., Kooistra, W.H.C.F., Sahraoui, I., Ruggiero, M.V., Kotaki, Y., Ellegaard, M., Lambert, C., Mabrouk, H.H. & Hlaili, A.S. (2014). Morphology and molecular phylogeny of Nitzschia bizertensis sp. nov. -- a new domoic acid-producer. Harmful Algae 32: 49-63.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Nitzschia is Nitzschia elongata Hassal.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Type information
Type locality: "The Bizerte Lagoon, Tunisia." (Smida & al. 2014: 61). Notes: "Holotype: Slide of the rinsed frutules of strain BD2 deposited at the herbarium of the National History Museum of Copenhagen, Denmark, registered as C2487.
Isotype: Fixed material of BD2 deposited at the herbarium of the National History Museum of Copenhagen, Denmark, registered as C2488."

Eponomy
Named for the type locality, the Bizerte Lagoon, Tunisia.

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

Usage notes
"Nitzschia bizertensis represents a new domoic acid-producing diatom and is the second toxin-producing Nitzschia species." (Smida et al. 2014). Harmful species (Lassus et al. 2017). - (7 Feb 2014) - M.D. Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Description
Cells with two yellow-brownish chloroplasts, one in each end. Cells rectangular in girdle view. Valves linear to lanceolate with parallel valve margins in middle part. Valves 32-82 µm long, 1.4-2.9 µm wide. External surface of the frustule smooth. Uniseriate striae 4453 in 10 µm. Round-oval areolae, 3.9-7.7 in 1 µm, with hymen close to the external surface. Hymen perforated by circularly arranged pores along the hymen margin, internally more chaotic. Interstriae raised above the internal plane of striae. Mantles structured as the valve face, 1-2 poroids high. Extremely eccentric canal raphe. Wall of canal raphe perforated by areolae. Fibulae irregularly spaced, 7-19 in 10 µm. Two central fibulae with larger interspace than remaining fibulae, corresponding to the central nodule. Raphe slit ends in simple central raphe endings. Internal distal raphe endings end in helictoglossa, forming an excrescence. Outer distal raphe endings extend to cell end and curve towards the side of the valve forming a hook. Epicingulum comprises 2-10 open bands. Each band contains 1-2 longitudinal rows of areolae, 5-12 areolae in 1 µm in the valvocopula. In the most distal band, areolae are more irregularly spaced.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Lassus, P., Chomérat, N., Hess, P. & Nézan, E. (2017 '2016'). Toxic and harmful microalgae of the World Ocean. Micro-algues toxiques et nuisibles de l'Océan Mondial. IOC Manuals and guides, 68 (Bilingual English/French). pp. 1-523, 54 pls. Denmark: International Society for the Study of Harmful Algae/ Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO.

Created: 07 February 2014 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 19 May 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 297 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Smida, B., Lundholm, N., Kooistra, W.H.C.F., Sahraoui, I., Ruggiero, M.V., Kotaki, Y., Ellegaard, M., Lambert, C., Mabrouk, H.H. & Hlaili, A.S. (2014). Morphology and molecular phylogeny of Nitzschia bizertensis sp. nov. -- a new domoic acid-producer. Harmful Algae 32: 49-63.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=148456

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 18 September 2021.

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