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Enteromorpha flexuosa subsp. paradoxa (C.Agardh) Bliding 1963

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Chlorophyta infrakingdom
Phylum Chlorophyta
Subphylum Chlorophytina
Class Ulvophyceae
Order Ulvales
Family Ulvaceae
Genus Enteromorpha

Pictures

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Enteromorpha flexuosa subsp. paradoxa (C.Agardh) Bliding
recolectada en la zona Sur del Macizo Guamuhaya. Hábito. Foto: Ángel Moreira..

Enteromorpha flexuosa subsp. paradoxa (C.Agardh) Bliding
Hawaii. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

 

Rytiphlaea capensis Kützing

Ulva paradoxa C.Agardh Hawaii
© J.M. Huisman

Publication details
Enteromorpha flexuosa subsp. paradoxa (C.Agardh) Bliding 1963: 79

Published in: Bliding, C. (1963). A critical survey of European taxa in Ulvales. Part I. Capsosiphon, Percursaria, Blidingia, Enteromorpha. Opera Botanica 8(3): 1-160, 92 figs.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Enteromorpha is Enteromorpha intestinalis (Linnaeus) Nees.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Ulva paradoxa C.Agardh

Basionym
Ulva paradoxa C.Agardh

Type information
Type locality: Bangor, Wales (Berger & al. 2003: 290). Lectotype: LD 13702 (Berger & al. 2003: 290). Notes: For an illustration of the type, see Bliding (1960: fig. 43 a-d). Effectively typified by the type of Conferva paradoxa Dillwyn (1809: 70, suppl. pl. F), an illegitimate name. Type locality: Bangor, Wales/ Brighton, England (O'Kelly et al. 2010).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), zigzag, bent alternately in opposite directions (Stearn 1973).

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

General environment
This is a marine/freshwater species.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Enteromorpha flexuosa subsp. paradoxa (C.Agardh) Bliding)
Arctic: Canada (Arctic) (Lee 1980).

Atlantic Islands: Bermuda (Schneider 2003), Madeira (Levring 1974, Neto, Cravo & Haroun 2001), Salvage Islands (Audiffred & Weisscher 1984).

Europe: Adriatic Sea (Giaccone 1978, Gallardo & al. 1993), Baltic Sea (Nielsen & al. 1995), Black Sea (Gallardo & al. 1993), France (Gallardo & al. 1993, Anon. 2017), Greece (Gallardo & al. 1993), Italy (Gallardo & al. 1993, Furnari, Cormaci & Serio 1999), Portugal (Ardré 1970), Spain (Ballesteros 1981, Romero Martinengo & Romero Martinengo 1982, Gallardo & al. 1985, Gallardo & al. 1993).

North America: Connecticut (Schneider et al. 1979), Florida (Schneider & Searles 1991), Maine (Mathieson & al. 2001), New Hampshire (Mathieson & Hehre 1986), North Carolina (Schneider & Searles 1991).

Central America: Panama (Wysor & Kooistra 2003).

Caribbean Islands: Caribbean (Littler & Littler 2000).

South America: Venezuela (Ganesan 1990).

Africa: Madagascar (Silva & al. 1996), Mauritius (Silva & al. 1996), Morocco (Gallardo & al. 1993, Benhissoune, Boudouresque & Verlaque 2001, Benhissoune, Boudouresque & Verlaque 2001).

Indian Ocean Islands: Rodrigues Island (De Clerck & al. 2004).

South-west Asia: India (Silva & al. 1996, Sahoo et al. 2001, Ghosh & Prakash Kershi 2010, Gupta 2012), Levant states (Gallardo & al. 1993).

South-east Asia: Indonesia (Silva & al. 1996), Philippines (Silva, Meñez & Moe 1987), Singapore (Silva & al. 1996), Thailand (Silva & al. 1996).

Australia and New Zealand: Lord Howe Island (Kraft 2000), Papua New Guinea (Coppejans & al. 2001), Queensland (Phillips 1997), Western Australia (Huisman & Borowitzka 2003).

Pacific Islands/Pacific Ocean: Fiji (N'Yeurt, South & Keats 1996, South & Skelton 2003), Samoan Archipelago (Skelton & South 1999).

Subantarctic Islands: Diego Garcia Atoll (Silva & al. 1996).

Source of current name
Škaloud, P., Rindi, F., Boedeker, C. & Leliaert, F. (2018). Süßwasserflora von Mitteleuropa. Freshwater flora of central Europe. Bd 13. Chlorophyta: Ulvophyceae (Krienitz, L. ed.). pp. [i]-vii, [1]-288, 182 figs. Berlin: Springer Spektrum.

Key references
Hayden, H.S., Blomster, J., Maggs, C.A., Silva, P.C., Stanhope, M.J. & Waaland, J.R. (2003). Linnaeus was right all along: Ulva and Enteromorpha are not distinct genera. European Journal of Phycology 38(3): 277-294, 4 figs, 5 tables.

Created: 16 December 1997 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 15 March 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 854 times since it was created.

Verification of data
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Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=1495

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 16 October 2021.

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