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Enteromorpha flexuosa subsp. paradoxa (C.Agardh) Bliding 1963

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Chlorophyta infrakingdom
Phylum Chlorophyta
Subphylum Chlorophytina
Class Ulvophyceae
Order Ulvales
Family Ulvaceae
Genus Enteromorpha


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Enteromorpha flexuosa subsp. paradoxa (C.Agardh) Bliding
recolectada en la zona Sur del Macizo Guamuhaya. Hábito. Foto: Ángel Moreira..

Enteromorpha flexuosa subsp. paradoxa (C.Agardh) Bliding
Hawaii. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.


Rytiphlaea capensis Kützing

Ulva paradoxa C.Agardh Hawaii
© J.M. Huisman

Publication details
Enteromorpha flexuosa subsp. paradoxa (C.Agardh) Bliding 1963: 79

Published in: Bliding, C. (1963). A critical survey of European taxa in Ulvales. Part I. Capsosiphon, Percursaria, Blidingia, Enteromorpha. Opera Botanica 8(3): 1-160, 92 figs.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Enteromorpha is Enteromorpha intestinalis (Linnaeus) Nees.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Ulva paradoxa C.Agardh

Ulva paradoxa C.Agardh

Type information
Type locality: Bangor, Wales (Berger & al. 2003: 290). Lectotype: LD 13702 (Berger & al. 2003: 290). Notes: For an illustration of the type, see Bliding (1960: fig. 43 a-d). Effectively typified by the type of Conferva paradoxa Dillwyn (1809: 70, suppl. pl. F), an illegitimate name. Type locality: Bangor, Wales/ Brighton, England (O'Kelly et al. 2010).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), zigzag, bent alternately in opposite directions (Stearn 1973).

No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

General environment
This is a marine/freshwater species.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Enteromorpha flexuosa subsp. paradoxa (C.Agardh) Bliding)
Arctic: Canada (Arctic) (Lee 1980).

Atlantic Islands: Bermuda (Schneider 2003), Madeira (Levring 1974, Neto, Cravo & Haroun 2001), Salvage Islands (Audiffred & Weisscher 1984).

Europe: Adriatic Sea (Giaccone 1978, Gallardo & al. 1993), Baltic Sea (Nielsen & al. 1995), Black Sea (Gallardo & al. 1993), France (Gallardo & al. 1993, Anon. 2017), Greece (Gallardo & al. 1993), Italy (Gallardo & al. 1993, Furnari, Cormaci & Serio 1999), Portugal (Ardré 1970), Spain (Ballesteros 1981, Romero Martinengo & Romero Martinengo 1982, Gallardo & al. 1985, Gallardo & al. 1993).

North America: Connecticut (Schneider et al. 1979), Florida (Schneider & Searles 1991), Maine (Mathieson & al. 2001), New Hampshire (Mathieson & Hehre 1986), North Carolina (Schneider & Searles 1991).

Central America: Panama (Wysor & Kooistra 2003).

Caribbean Islands: Caribbean (Littler & Littler 2000).

South America: Venezuela (Ganesan 1990).

Africa: Madagascar (Silva & al. 1996), Mauritius (Silva & al. 1996), Morocco (Gallardo & al. 1993, Benhissoune, Boudouresque & Verlaque 2001, Benhissoune, Boudouresque & Verlaque 2001).

Indian Ocean Islands: Rodrigues Island (De Clerck & al. 2004).

South-west Asia: India (Silva & al. 1996, Sahoo et al. 2001, Ghosh & Prakash Kershi 2010, Gupta 2012), Levant states (Gallardo & al. 1993).

South-east Asia: Indonesia (Silva & al. 1996), Philippines (Silva, Meñez & Moe 1987), Singapore (Silva & al. 1996), Thailand (Silva & al. 1996).

Australia and New Zealand: Lord Howe Island (Kraft 2000), Papua New Guinea (Coppejans & al. 2001), Queensland (Phillips 1997), Western Australia (Huisman & Borowitzka 2003).

Pacific Islands/Pacific Ocean: Fiji (N'Yeurt, South & Keats 1996, South & Skelton 2003), Samoan Archipelago (Skelton & South 1999).

Subantarctic Islands: Diego Garcia Atoll (Silva & al. 1996).

Source of current name
Škaloud, P., Rindi, F., Boedeker, C. & Leliaert, F. (2018). Süßwasserflora von Mitteleuropa. Freshwater flora of central Europe. Bd 13. Chlorophyta: Ulvophyceae (Krienitz, L. ed.). pp. [i]-vii, [1]-288, 182 figs. Berlin: Springer Spektrum.

Key references
Hayden, H.S., Blomster, J., Maggs, C.A., Silva, P.C., Stanhope, M.J. & Waaland, J.R. (2003). Linnaeus was right all along: Ulva and Enteromorpha are not distinct genera. European Journal of Phycology 38(3): 277-294, 4 figs, 5 tables.

Created: 16 December 1997 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 15 March 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 854 times since it was created.

Verification of data
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Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=1495

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 16 October 2021.

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