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Prasiola crispa (Lightfoot) Kützing

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Chlorophyta infrakingdom
Phylum Chlorophyta
Subphylum Chlorophytina
Class Trebouxiophyceae
Order Prasiolales
Family Prasiolaceae
Genus Prasiola

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Prasiola crispa (Lightfoot) Kützing
Collected by Judith Allinson. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter'at'6cvw.freeuk.com.

Prasiola crispa (Lightfoot) Kützing
Red-cyan anaglyph showing thallus in 3D. Collected by Judith Allinson. © C.F.Carter (chris.carter'at'6cvw.freeuk.com.

Prasiola crispa (Lightfoot) Kützing
Dominick St Lower, Galway, Ireland. 14 Feb 2016. M.D.Guiry. © M.D.Guiry.

Prasiola crispa (Lightfoot) Kützing
Dominick St Lower, Galway, Ireland. 14 Feb 2016. M.D.Guiry. © M.D.Guiry.

Prasiola crispa (Lightfoot) Kützing
Plate 6: The lectotype of Ulva (now Prasiola) crispa, with original packet, annotated thus: No. 22. In moist shady places on the North side of Walls where no Grass grows, generally. . 25 Feb 2015. © Natural History Museum London.

Prasiola crispa (Lightfoot) Kützing
prox. Filamentous form. Near Snaefellsjökul, NW Iceland.. 21 Jul 2011. © C.F.Carter (Chris.Carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Prasiola crispa (Lightfoot) Kützing
prox. Filamentous form. Near Snaefellsjökul, NW Iceland.. 21 Jul 2011. © C.F.Carter (Chris.Carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Prasiola crispa (Lightfoot) Kützing
prox. Red-cyan anaglyph. Filamentous form. Near Snaefellsjökul, NW Iceland.. 21 Jul 2011. © C.F.Carter (Chris.Carter@6cvw.freeuk.com).

Prasiola crispa (Lightfoot) Kützing
Prasiola crispa, Lower Canal Road, Galway, Ireland" . 29 May 2011. © M.D. Guiry.

Prasiola crispa (Lightfoot) Kützing
Prasiola crispa, Lower Canal Road, Galway, Ireland" . 29 May 2011. © M.D. Guiry.

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25 Found - Displaying 1 through 10

 

Pneophyllum rosanoffii Y.M.Chamberlain

Prasiola crispa (Lightfoot) Kützing Alleyway, Galway City, Ireland
© Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie)

Publication details
Prasiola crispa (Lightfoot) Kützing 1843: 295

Published in: Kützing, F.T. (1843). Phycologia generalis oder Anatomie, Physiologie und Systemkunde der Tange. Mit 80 farbig gedruckten Tafeln, gezeichnet und gravirt vom Verfasser. pp. [part 1]: [i]-xxxii, [1]-142, [part 2:] 143-458, 1, err.], pls 1-80. Leipzig: F.A. Brockhaus.
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Publication date: 14-16 Sep 1843

Type species
This is the type species (holotype) of the genus Prasiola.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Ulva crispa Lightfoot

Type information
Type locality: Isle of Skye, Argyll, Scotland (Bryant, Irvine & Ruffle 2012: 32). Lectotype: BM 000005094 (Bryant, Irvine & Ruffle 2012: 32). Notes: Bryant, Irvine & Ruffle (2012: 32) report the annotation on the lectotype: "No. 22. In moist shady places on the North side of Walls where no Grass grows, generally. This is a thin membranaceous substance, & I think it mostly is where people Pisses ag[ain]st Walls."

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), crisped, irregularly waved and twisted (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Ulva crispa Lightfoot 1777

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Ulva terrestris Roth 1797
Schizogonium crispatum Kützing 1843
Schizogonium parietinum Kützing 1843
Hormidium parietinum (Kützing) Kützing 1845
Prasiola rothii Kützing 1845
Prasiola orbicularis Kützing 1845
Prasiola antarctica Kützing 1849
Schizogonium laetevirens var. crispatum (Kützing) Kützing 1849
Prasiola rothii var. falklandica Kützing 1849
Prasiola falklandica (Kützing) Kützing 1855
Prasiola georgica Reinsch 1890
Prasiola crispa subsp. terrestris Børgesen 1902
Prasiola crispa var. aspera West & G.S.West 1911
Prasiola crispa subsp. antarctica (Kützing) Knebel 1935
Mastodia antarctica (Kützing) C.W.Dodge 1948

Distributional notes
This species most probably does not occur in the Mediterranean area; records for Greece need reassessment (Rindi, pers. comm.).

General environment
This is a terrestrial species.

Common names

(as Prasiola crispa (Lightfoot) Kützing)
Japanese: Oka-nori (Tokida 1954).

Swedish: Krusprasiola (Tolstoy & Österlund 2003).

Habitat
Subaerial: underneath seagull colony (Karsten et al., 2005: 560).

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Ulva crispa Lightfoot)
Europe: Britain (Guiry 1997), Slovakia (Hindák & Hindáková 2016).

(as Ulva terrestris Roth)
Europe: Faroe Islands (Lyngbye 1819).

(as Prasiola crispa (Lightfoot) Kützing)
Arctic: Arctic (Patova, Davdov & Andreeva 2015), Svalbard (Spitsbergen) (Gulliksen et al. 1999), White Sea (Garbary & Tarakhovskaya 2013).

Europe: Baltic Sea (Nielsen et al. 1995, Kontula & Fürhapter 2012), Black Sea (Gallardo et al. 1993), Britain (Newton 1931, Burrows 1991, John 2002, Hardy & Guiry 2003, Whitton et al. 2003, Rindi & Guiry 2004, Rindi, McIvor & Guiry 2004, Rindi, McIvor & Guiry 2004, Rindi, McIvor & Guiry 2004, Brodie et al. 2007, John, Whitton & Brook 2011, Moniz et al. 2012, Brodie et al. 2016), Czech Republic (Moniz et al. 2012), Faroe Islands (Nielsen & Gunnarsson 2001), France (Anon. 2017), Georgia (Barinova et al. 2011), Ireland (Adams 1908, Cotton 1913, Cullinane 1971, Guiry 1978, Burrows 1991, Rindi, Guiry, Barbiero & Cinelli 1999, Rindi, McIvor & Guiry 2004, Rindi et al. 2007), Italy (Miotti et al. ), Norway (Rueness 1997, Brattegard & Holte 2001, Holzinger et al 2006, Moniz et al. 2012), Romania (Caraus 2002, Caraus 2012, Caraus 2017), Russia (Europe) (Stenina & Patova 2007, Patova & Novakovskaya 2018), Scandinavia (Karlason et al. 2018), Slovakia (Hindák & Hindáková 2016), Spitsbergen (Vinogradova 1995, Karsten et al 2005, Heesch et al. 2016 ), Sweden (Tolstoy & Österlund 2003), Ukraine (Tsarenko 2011), Veneto (Sfriso 2011).

Atlantic Islands: Iceland (Caram & Jónsson 1972).

North America: Alaska (AK) (Lindstrom 1977, Scagel et al. 1989), British Columbia (Scagel et al. 1989, Rindi et al. 2007), Québec (Poulin, Hamilton & Proulx 1995), Washington (WA) (Scagel et al. 1989).

South America: Argentina (Tell 1985, Boraso & Zaixso 2011, Daga et al. 2014).

Asia: China (Li & Bi 1998, Hu & Wei 2006), Japan (Okamura 1936, Hirose, Yamagishi & Akiyama 1977), Russia (Far East) (Kloczcova 1996).

Australia and New Zealand: New Zealand (Chapman, Thompson & Segar 1957, Adams 1994, Broady et al. 2012), Tasmania (Womersley 1984 ).

Subantarctic Islands: Falkland Islands/Islas Malvinas (Moniz et al. 2012), South Georgia (Wells, Brewin & Brickle 2011).

Antarctic and Antarctic islands: Antarctic Peninsula (Moniz et al. 2012), Antarctica/Subantarctic Islands (Burrows 1991, Kovacik & Batista Pereira 2001, Moniz et al. 2012 ), Balleny Islands (Heesch et al. 2012 ), East Antarctica (Kosugi et al. 2010), King George Island (Moniz et al. 2012, Carvalho et al. 2017), McMurdo Dry Valleys (Moniz et al. 2012).

(as Hormidium parietinum (Kützing) Kützing)
Europe: Romania (Caraus 2012), Slovakia (Hindák & Hindáková 2016).

North America: Alaska (AK) (Saunders 1901).

(as Prasiola antarctica Kützing)
South America: Argentina (Tell 1985).

Subantarctic Islands: South Shetland Islands (Moniz et al. 2012 ).

Antarctic and Antarctic islands: Antarctic Peninsula (Moniz et al. 2012), Ross Island (Moniz et al. 2012).

(as Prasiola crispa subsp. terrestris Børgesen)
Europe: Faroe Islands (Irvine 1982).

(as Prasiola crispa subsp. antarctica (Kützing) Knebel)
South America: Argentina (Boraso de Zaixso 2004, Boraso de Zaixso 2013), Chile (Ramírez & Santelices 1991), Temperate South America (Ramírez & Santelices 1991).

Subantarctic Islands: Macquarie Island (Ricker 1987), South Georgia (John et al. 1994 ), South Shetland Islands (Wiencke & Clayton 2002).

Antarctic and Antarctic islands: Antarctica/Subantarctic Islands (Papenfuss 1964, Wiencke & Clayton 2002), King George Island (Karsten et al 2005).

Key references
Brodie, J., Maggs, C.A. & John, D.M. (2007). Green seaweeds of Britain and Ireland. pp. [i-v], vi-xii, 1-242, 101 figs. London: British Phycological Society.

Burrows, E.M. (1991). Seaweeds of the British Isles. Volume 2. Chlorophyta. pp. [i]-xi, [1]-238, 60 figs, 9 pls. London: Natural History Museum Publications.

Carvalho, E.L., Wallau, G.L., Rangel, D.L., Machado, L.C., Pereira, A.B., Victoria, F.D.C., Boldo, J.T. & Pinto, P.M. (2017). Phylogenetic positioning of the Antarctic alga Prasiola crispa (Trebouxiophyceae) using organellar genomes and their structural analysis (Note). Journal of Phycology 53(4): 908-915.

Cormaci, M., Furnari, G., & Alongi, G. (2014). Flora marina bentonica del Mediterraneo: Chlorophyta. Bollettino dell'Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali di Catania 47: 11-436.

Fritsch, F.E. (1912). Freshwater algae collected in the South Orkneys by Mr. R. N. Rudmose Brown, B.Sc. of the Scottish National Antarctic Expedition, 1902-04. Journal of the Linnean Society of London Botany 40: 293-338.

Heesch, S., Pazoutová, M., Moniz, M.B.J. & Rindi, F. (2016). Prasiolales (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta) of the Svalbard Archipelago: diversity, biogeography and description of the new genera Prasionella and Prasionema. European Journal of Phycology 51(1): 171-187.

Hirose, H., Yamagishi, T. & Akiyama, M. (1977). Illustrations of the Japanese fresh-water algae. pp. [8 col. pls], [1]-933, 244 pls in text. Tokyo: Uchida Rokakuho Publishing Co., Ltd. [in Japanese]

Holzinger, A., Karsten, U., Lutz, C. & Wiencke, C. (2006). Ultrastructure and photosynthesis in the supralittoral green macroalga Prasiola crispa from Spitsbergen (Norway) under UV exposure. Phycologia 45: 168-177.

Karsten, U., Friedl, T., Schumann, R., Hoyer, K. & Lembcke, S. (2005). Mycosporine-like amino acids and phylogenies in green algae: Prasiola and its relatives from the Trebouxiophyceae (Chlorophyta). Journal of Phycology 41: 557-566.

Kloczcova, N.G. (1996). Flora vodoroslei makrofitov Tatarskogo Proliva i osobennosti ee formirovanija [Macrophyte algal flora of Tatars Gulf (Sea of Japan) and peculiarities of its formation]. pp. 1-289. Vladivostock: Dalnauka. [in Russian]

Li Shanghao (S.H.Ley) & Bi Liejue [Li, S.H. & Bi, L.J.] (1999). Flora algarum sinicarum aquae dulcis. Tomus V Ulothrichales Ulvales Chaetophorales Trentepohliales Sphaeropleales. pp. [i-ix], i-viii, 1-136, 54 pls [I-LIV]. Beijing: Science Press.

Mathieson, A.C. & Dawes, C.J. (2017). Seaweeds of the Northwest Atlantic. pp. [i]-x, 1-798, CIX pls. Amherst & Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.

Matula, J., Pietryka, M., Richter, D. & Wojtun, B. (2007). Cyanoprokaryota and algae of Arctic terrestrial ecosystems in the Hornsund area, Spitsbergen. Polish Polar Research 28(4): 283-315.

Moniz, M.B.J., Guiry, M.D. & Rindi, F. (2014). tufA phylogeny and species boundaries in the green algal order Prasiolales (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta). Phycologia 53(4): 396-406.

Rindi, F. & Guiry, M.D. (2004). Composition and spatial variability of terrestrial algal assemblages occurring at the bases of urban walls in Europe. Phycologia 43: 225-235.

Rindi, F. (2011). Phylum Chlorophyta. Order Prasiolales. In: The freshwater algal flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. Second edition. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 567-569. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Rindi, F., McIvor, L. & Guiry, M.D. (2004). The Prasiolales (Chlorophyta) of Atlantic Europe: an assessment based on morphological, molecular, and ecological data, including the characterization of Rosenvingiella radicans (Kützing) comb. nov. Journal of Phycology 40: 977-997, 7 figs.

Rindi, F., McIvor, L., Sherwood, A.R., Friedl, T., Guiry, M.D. & Sheath, R.G. (2007). Molecular phylogeny of the green algal order Prasiolales (Trebouxiophyceae, Chlorophyta). Journal of Phycology 43: 811-822.

Sfriso, A. (2011). Chlorophyta multicellulari e fanerogame acquatiche. Ambiente di transizione italiani e litorali adiacenti. pp. [1]-318, pls 1-94. Bologna: Arpa Emilia-Romagna.

Tsarenko, P.M. (2011). Trebouxiophyceae. In: Algae of Ukraine: diversity, nomenclature, taxonomy, ecology and geography. Volume 3: Chlorophyta. (Tsarenko, P.M., Wasser, S.P. & Nevo, E. Eds), pp. 61-108. Ruggell: A.R.A. Gantner Verlag K.-G..

Vinogradova, K.L. (1979). Opredelitel' vodoroslej dal'nevostochnykh morej SSSR. Selenye vodorosli [Determination book of the algae of the far-eastern seas of the USSR. Green algae]. pp. 1-148, 67 figs, pls I-XVIII. Leningrad: Akademiya Nauk SSSR, Botanicheskij Institut im. V.L. Komarova.

Wille, N. (1901). Studien über Chlorophyceen. I-VII. Skrifter Udgivne af Videnskabs-selskabet i Kristiania. Mathematisk-naturvidenskabelig Klasse 1900(6): 1-46, pls I-IV [168 figs].

Zinova, A.D. (1967). Opredelitel zelenikh, burikh i krasnich odoroslei juzhnikh morei SSSR [Guide to the green, brown and red algae of the southern seas of USSR]. pp. 1-398. Moscow, Leningrad: Academia Nauk. [in Russian]

Created: 06 April 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 27 August 2019 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 16172 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Carvalho, E.L., Wallau, G.L., Rangel, D.L., Machado, L.C., Pereira, A.B., Victoria, F.D.C., Boldo, J.T. & Pinto, P.M. (2017). Phylogenetic positioning of the Antarctic alga Prasiola crispa (Trebouxiophyceae) using organellar genomes and their structural analysis (Note). Journal of Phycology 53(4): 908-915.
Carvalho, E.L., Wallau, G.L., Rangel, D.L., Machado, L.C., Pereira, A.B., Victoria, F.SD (). Phylogenetic positioning of the Antarctic alga Prasiola crispa (Trebouxiophyceae) using organellar genomes and their structural analysis (Note). : .
Carvalho, E.L., Wallau, G.L., Rangel, D.L., Machado, L.C., Pereira, A.B., Victoria, F.SD (). Phylogenetic positioning of the Antarctic alga Prasiola crispa (Trebouxiophyceae) using organellar genomes and their structural analysis (Note). : .
Holzinger, A., Karsten, U., Lutz, C. & Wiencke, C. (2006). Ultrastructure and photosynthesis in the supralittoral green macroalga Prasiola crispa from Spitsbergen (Norway) under UV exposure. Phycologia 45: 168-177.
Jacob, A., Wiencke, C., Lehmann, H. & Kirst, G.O. (1992). Physiology and ultrastructure of desiccation in the green alga Prasiola crispa from Antarctica. Botanica Marina 35: 297-303, 11 figs.
Knebel, G. (1935). Monographie der Algenreihe der Prasiolales, insbesondere von Prasiola crispa. Hedwigia 75: 1-120, 32 figs, 14 tables, 3 maps.
Kobayasi, Y. (1967). Prasiola crispa and its allies in the Alaskan Arctic and Antarctica. Bulletin of the National Science Museum, Tokyo, Ser. B (Botany) 10: 209-219.
Kovacik, L. & Batista Pereira, A. (2001). Green alga Prasiola crispa and its lichenized form Mastodia tesselata in Antarctic environment: general aspects. Nova Hedwigia. Beiheft 123: 465-478.
Lud, D., Buma, A.G.J., van de Poll, W., Moerdijk, T.C.W. & Huiskes, A.H.L. (2001). DNA damage and photosynthetic performance in the Antarctic terrestrial alga Prasiola crispa spp. antarctica (Chlorophyta) under manipulated UV-B radiation. Journal of Phycology 37: 459-467.
Neustupa, J. (1998). Prasiola crispa (Lightfoot) Meneghini in Královská obora in Prague. Novit. Bot. Univ. Carol. 12: 35-39.

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Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 14 October 2019.

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