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Gracilaria tenuistipitata C.F.Chang & B.-M.Xia 1976

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Gracilariales
Family Gracilariaceae
Subfamily Gracilarioideae
Tribe Gracilarieae
Genus Gracilaria


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Gracilaria tenuistipitata C.F.Chang & B.-M.Xia
1. Habit. 2. Cultivation of Gracilaria tenuistipitata in O Lan Lagoon (Phu Yen Province, Vietnam). Insert: Habit.. 29 Feb 2012. Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova (etitlyanov@mail.ru). © Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova (etitlyanov@mail.ru).


Punctaria multifida P.Anand

Gracilaria tenuistipitata C.F.Chang & B.-M.Xia 1. Habit. 2. Cultivation of Gracilaria tenuistipitata in O Lan Lagoon (Phu Yen Province, Vietnam). Insert: Habit.
© Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova (etitlyanov@mail.ru)

Publication details
Gracilaria tenuistipitata C.F.Chang & B.-M.Xia 1976: 102, 161, fig. 7; pl. 1: fig. 3

Published in: Chang, C.F. & Xia, B.M. (1976). [Studies on Chinese species of Gracilaria]. Studia Marina Sinica 11: 91-166, 42 figs, 2 plates.

Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Gracilaria is Gracilaria compressa (C.Agardh) Greville.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Type information
Type locality: Bohe, Dianbai xian, Guangdong Prov., China (Index Nominum Algarum). Holotype: 26.iii.1966; AST 66-534 (Index Nominum Algarum

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Agarophyton tenuistipitatum (C.F.Chang et B.-M.Xia) Gurgel, J.N.Norris & Fredericq 2018

Distributional notes
G. aff. tenuistipitata Chang & Xia collected in Tokawa, Japan and Hog Island, Eastern Shore, VA, USA (Gurgel & Fredericq, 2004:143). - (28 Nov 2007) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Gracilaria tenuistipitata C.F.Chang & B.-M.Xia)
North America: Rhode Island (Garcia-Rodriguez et al. 2013 ), Virginia (Gurgel & Fredericq 2004 ).

South-east Asia: Indonesia (Atmadja & Prud'homme van Reine 2012), Malaysia (Terada, Kawaguchi, Masuda & Phang 2000), Philippines (Ang, Sin Man Leung & Mei Mei Choi 2014), Singapore (Pham & al. 2011), Thailand (Lewmanomont 1994, Tseng & Xia 1999), Vietnam (Nguyen H. Dinh 1992, Tseng & Xia 1999, Tsutsui et al. 2005, Titlyanov et al. 2011, Titlyanov & Titlyanova 2012, Nguyen et al. 2013, Titlyanov, Titlyanova & Belous 2015).

Asia: China (Tseng 1984, Xia & Yamamoto 1985, Bangmei 1985, Tseng & Xia 1999, Xia & Zhang 1999, Byrne et al. 2002, Liu 2008, Liu 2008), China (Hainan Island) (Titlyanov & al. 2015), Japan (Gurgel & Fredericq 2004 ), South China Sea (Phang & al. 2016).

(as Agarophyton tenuistipitatum (C.F.Chang et B.-M.Xia) Gurgel, J.N.Norris & Fredericq)
South-east Asia: Philippines (Lastimoso & Santiañez 2021).

Key references
Iha, C., Grassa, C.J., de M.Lyra, G., Davis, C.C., Verbruggen, H. & Oliveira, M.C. (2018). Organellar genomics: a useful tool to study evolutionary relationships and molecular evolution in Gracilariaceae (Rhodophyta). Journal of Phycology 54(6): 775-787.

Lewmanomont, K. (1994). The species of Gracilaria from Thailand. In: Taxonomy of economic seaweeds. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.4, pp. 135-148. La Jolla: California Sea Grant College Program [Report T-CSGCP-031].

Lyra, D. de M., Iha, C., Grassa, C.J., Cai, L., Zhang, H.G., Lane, C., Blouin, N., Oliveira, M.C., Nunes, J. M de C. & Davis, C.C. (2021). Phylogenomics, divergence time estimation and trait evolution provide a new look into the Gracilariales (Rhodophyta). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 165(107294): [1-14], 4 figs.

Nguyen H. Dinh (1992). Vietnamese species of Gracilaria and Gracilariopsis. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.3, pp. 207-210. La Jolla, California: California Sea Grant College.

Titlyanov E.A., Titlyanova T.V. & Belous O.S. (2016). Useful marine plants of the Asia-Pacific Region countries. pp. 1-348, Many col. photo. Vladivostok: Dalnauka. [in Russian and English]

Titlyanov, E.A. & Titlyanova, T.V. (2012). Morskiye rasteniya stran Aziatsko-Tikhookeanskogo regiona, ikh ispol'zovaniye i kul'tivirovaniye [Marine plants of the Asian Pacific Region countries, their use and cultivation]. pp. 376, 52 numbered figures, 162 plates. Vladivostok: Dalnauka & A.V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. [in Russian]

Tseng, C.K. & Xia, B.M. (1999). On the Gracilaria in the western Pacific and southeastern Asia region. Botanica Marina 42: 209-218.

Tsutsui, I., Huybh, Q.N., Nguyên, H.D., Arai, S. & Yoshida, T. (2005). The common marine plants of southern Vietnam. pp. 1-250 + [1], numerous colour photographs. Usa: Japan Seaweed Association.

Xia, B.M. & Yamamoto, H. (1985). Gracilaria species from both China and Japan: key, list and distribution of common and economically important species. In: Taxonomy of economic seaweeds with reference to some Pacific and Caribbean species. (Abbott, I.A. & Norris, J.N. Eds) Vol.I, pp. 69-70. California Sea Grant College Program.

Xia, B.M. (1985). Gracilaria from China: key, list and distribution of the species. In: Taxonomy of economic seaweeds with reference to some Pacific and caribbean species. (Abbott, I.A. & Norris, J.N. Eds) Vol.I, pp. 71-76. California Sea Grant College Program.

Created: 07 May 1999 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 17 September 2021 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 2858 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Barufi, J.B., Mata, M.T., Oliveira, M.C. & Figueroa, F.L. (2012). Nitrate reduces the negative effect of UV radiation on photosynthesis and pigmentation in Gracilaria tenuistipitata (Rhodophyta): the photoprotection role of mycosporine-like amino acids. Phycologia 51(6): 636-648.
Bonomi Barufi, J., Cabral de Oliveira, E., Plastino, E.M., Cabral de Oliveira, M. (2010). Life history, morphological variability and growth rates of the life phases of Gracilaria tenuistipitata (Rhodophyta: Gracilariales) in vitro . Scientia Marina 74(2): 297-303.
Collen, P.N., Camitz, A., Hancock, R.D., Viola, R. & Pedersen, M. (2004). Effect of nutrient deprivation and resupply on metabolites and enzymes related to carbon allocation in Gracilaria tenuistipitata (Rhodophyta). Journal of Phycology 40: 305-314.
Haglund, K., Björk, M., Ramazanov, Z., Garcia-Reina, G. & Pedersén, M. (1992). Role of carbonic anhydrase in photosynthesis and inorganic-carbon assimilation in the red alga Gracilaria tenuistipitata.. Planta 187: 275-281.
Haglund, K., Björklund, M., Gunnare, S., Sandberg, A., Olander, U. & Pedersén, M. (1996). New method for toxicity assessment in marine and brackish environments using the macroalga Gracilaria tenuistipitata (Gracilariales, Rhodophyta). Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 15: 317-325.
Hagopian, J.C., Reis, M., Kitajima, J.P., Bhattacharya, D. & de Oliveira, M.C. (2004). Comparative analysis of the complete plastid genome sequence of the red alga Gracilaria tenuistipitata var. liui provides insights into the evolution of rhodoplasts and their relationships to other plastids. Journal of Molecular Evolution 59: 464-477.
Lee, T.-M. & Chang, Y.-C. (1999). An increase of ornithine ð-aminotransferase-mediated proline synthesis in relation to high-temperature injury in Gracilaria tenuistipitata (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta). Journal of Phycology 35: 84-88.
Lee, T.-M. (1999 '1998' ). Changes in activities and properties of biosynthetic enzymes in relation to high-temperature-induced proline accumulation in Gracilaria tenuistipitata (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta). Phycologia 37: 433-438, 3 figs, 2 tables.
Lee, T.-M. (1999 '1998' ). The role of proline dehydrogenase and ­1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate dehydrogenase in the regulation of proline homeostasis in Gracilaria tenuistipitata (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta) exposed to high temperature. Phycologia 37: 439-442, 3 figs.
Lee, T.-M., Tsai, C.-C. & Shih, M.-C. (1999). Induction of phosphorus deficiency and phosphatase activity by salinity (NaCl) stress in Gracilaria tenuistipitata (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta). Phycologia 38: 428-433, 4 figs.
Mercado, J.M., Sánchez, P., Carmona, R. & Niell., F.X. (2002). Acclimation of photosynthesis to blue light in the seaweed Gracilaria tenuistipitata Zhang et Xia. Physiologia Plantarum 35: 53-59.
Wu, C.Y., Li, R., Lin, G., Wen, Z., Zhung, J., Dong, L., Huang, X., Wei, S. & Lan, G. (1994). Study on the optimum environmental parameters for the growth of Gracilaria tenuistipitata var. liui in pond culture. Oceanologia et limnologia Sinica 25: 60-66.
Yokoya, N.S., West, J.A. & Luchi, A.E. (2004). Effects of plant growth regulators on callus formation, growth and regeneration in axenic tissue cultures of Gracilaria tenuistipitata and Gracilaria perplexa (Gracilariales, Rhodophyta). Phycological Research 52(3): 244-254.
Yu, C.-H., Lim, P.-E. & Phang, S.-M. (2012). Effects of irradiance and salinity on the growth of carpospore-derived tetrasporophytes of Gracilaria edulis and Gracilaria tenuistipitata var. liui (Rhodophyta). Journal of Applied Phycology : DOI 10.1007/s10811-012-9960-8.
Yu, S. & Pedersen, M. (1990). The effect of salinity changes on the activity of a-Galactosidase of the red algae Gracilaria sordida & G. tenuistipitata. Botanica Marina 33: 385-391.
Yu, S. & Pedersen, M. (1990). The G.A-galactosidase of Gracilaria tenuistipitata and G. sordida (Gracilariales, Rhodophyta). Phycologia 29: 454-460.

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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 17 October 2021.

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